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Mark 8:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and [of] the leaven of Herod.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And He was giving orders to them, saying, “Watch out! Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he charged them saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and [of] the leaven of Herod.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and [of] the leaven of Herod.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he began charging them, saying—Mind! beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he was charging them, saying, 'Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod,'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he charged them saying: Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the leaven of Herod.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leauen of the Pharisees, and of the leauen of Herode.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he counselled them, and said to them, Look and beware of the leaven of the Pharishee, and of the leaven of Herodes.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he charged them, and said to them: Take heed, and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he charged 1291
{1291} Prime
διαστέλλομαι
diastellomai
{dee-as-tel'-lom-ahee}
Middle voice from G1223 and G4724; to set (oneself) apart (figuratively distinguish), that is, (by implication) to enjoin.
z5710
<5710> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 34
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Take heed, 3708
{3708} Prime
ὁράω
horao
{hor-ah'-o}
Properly to stare at (compare G3700), that is, (by implication) to discern clearly (physically or mentally); by extension to attend to; by Hebraism to experience; passively to appear.
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
beware 991
{0991} Prime
βλέπω
blepo
{blep'-o}
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
leaven 2219
{2219} Prime
ζύμη
zume
{dzoo'-may}
Probably from G2204; ferment (as if boiling up).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Pharisees, 5330
{5330} Prime
Φαρισαῖος
Pharisaios
{far-is-ah'-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H6567]); a separatist, that is, exclusively religious; a Pharisaean, that is, Jewish sectary.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[of] the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
leaven 2219
{2219} Prime
ζύμη
zume
{dzoo'-may}
Probably from G2204; ferment (as if boiling up).
of Herod. 2264
{2264} Prime
Ἡρῴδης
Herodes
{hay-ro'-dace}
Compound of ἥρως [[heros]] (a 'hero') and G1491; heroic; Herodes, the name of four Jewish kings.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 8:15

_ _ And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees — “and of the Sadducees” (Matthew 16:6).

_ _ and of the leaven of Herod — The teaching or “doctrine” (Matthew 16:12) of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees was quite different, but both were equally pernicious; and the Herodians, though rather a political party, were equally envenomed against our Lord’s spiritual teaching. See on Matthew 12:14. The penetrating and diffusive quality of leaven, for good or bad, is the ground of the comparison.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 8:10-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 8:15

Beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of Herod, or of the Sadducees; two opposite extremes.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 8:15

(2) And he charged them, saying, Take heed, beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and [of] the leaven of Herod.

(2) We must especially take heed of those who corrupt the word of God, no matter what their position is in the Church or in civil politics.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
he charged:

Numbers 27:19-23 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight. ... And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.
1 Chronicles 28:9-10 And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father, and serve him with a perfect heart and with a willing mind: for the LORD searcheth all hearts, and understandeth all the imaginations of the thoughts: if thou seek him, he will be found of thee; but if thou forsake him, he will cast thee off for ever. ... Take heed now; for the LORD hath chosen thee to build an house for the sanctuary: be strong, and do [it].
1 Chronicles 28:20 And David said to Solomon his son, Be strong and of good courage, and do [it]: fear not, nor be dismayed: for the LORD God, [even] my God, [will be] with thee; he will not fail thee, nor forsake thee, until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the LORD.
1 Timothy 5:21 I charge [thee] before God, and the Lord Jesus Christ, and the elect angels, that thou observe these things without preferring one before another, doing nothing by partiality.
1 Timothy 6:13 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession;
2 Timothy 2:14 Of these things put [them] in remembrance, charging [them] before the Lord that they strive not about words to no profit, [but] to the subverting of the hearers.

Take:

Proverbs 19:27 Cease, my son, to hear the instruction [that causeth] to err from the words of knowledge.
Matthew 16:6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
Matthew 16:11-12 How is it that ye do not understand that I spake [it] not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees? ... Then understood they how that he bade [them] not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees.
Luke 12:1-2 In the mean time, when there were gathered together an innumerable multitude of people, insomuch that they trode one upon another, he began to say unto his disciples first of all, Beware ye of the leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. ... For there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; neither hid, that shall not be known.
Luke 12:15 And he said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.

the leaven of the:

Exodus 12:18-20 In the first [month], on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. ... Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.
Leviticus 2:11 No meat offering, which ye shall bring unto the LORD, shall be made with leaven: for ye shall burn no leaven, nor any honey, in any offering of the LORD made by fire.
1 Corinthians 5:6-8 Your glorying [is] not good. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? ... Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.

of Herod:

Mark 12:13 And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in [his] words.
Matthew 22:15-18 Then went the Pharisees, and took counsel how they might entangle him in [his] talk. ... But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, [ye] hypocrites?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 12:18. Lv 2:11. Nu 27:19. 1Ch 28:9, 20. Pv 19:27. Mt 16:6, 11; 22:15. Mk 12:13. Lk 12:1, 15. 1Co 5:6. 1Ti 5:21; 6:13. 2Ti 2:14.

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