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Mark 7:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and [when they come] from the market-place, except they bathe themselves, they eat not; and many other things there are, which they have received to hold, washings of cups, and pots, and brasen vessels.)
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And [when they come] from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, [as] the washing of cups, and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and [when they come] from the market place, they do not eat unless they cleanse themselves; and there are many other things which they have received in order to observe, such as the washing of cups and pitchers and copper pots.)
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And [when they come] from the market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there are, which they have received to hold, [as] the washing of cups, and pots, and of brazen vessels, and tables.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and [on coming] from the market-place, unless they are washed, they do not eat; and there are many other things which they have received to hold, the washing of cups and vessels, and brazen utensils, and couches),
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and coming from market, unless they sprinkle themselves, they eat not,—and, many other things, there are, which they have accepted to hold fast—immersions of cups and measures and copper vessels——
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and, [coming] from the market-place, if they do not baptize themselves, they do not eat; and many other things there are that they received to hold, baptisms of cups, and pots, and brazen vessels, and couches.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when they come from the market, unless they be washed, they eat not: and many other things there are that have been delivered to them to observe, the washings of cups and of pots and of brazen vessels and of beds.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when they come from the market, except they wash, they eate not. And many other things there be, which they haue receiued to hold, [as] the washing of cups and pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and (coming) from the market, unless they lave, they eat not. And many other of those (things) there are which they have received to observe, (as) the baptisms of cups, and of measures, and of brasen utensils, and of beds.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And [coming] from the market-place, except they baptize, they do not eat. And there are many other things which they have received to observe, [such as] the baptisms of cups, and of pots, and of brazen vessels, and of couches.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[when they come] from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the market, 58
{0058} Prime
ἀγορά
agora
{ag-or-ah'}
From ἀγείρω [[ageiro]] (to gather; probably akin to G1453); properly the town square (as a place of public resort); by implication a market or thoroughfare.
except 3362
{3362} Prime
ἐὰν με
ean me
{eh-an' may}
That is, G1437 and G3361; if not, that is, unless.
they wash, 907
{0907} Prime
βαπτίζω
baptizo
{bap-tid'-zo}
From a derivative of G0911; to make whelmed (that is, fully wet); used only (in the New Testament) of ceremonial ablution, especially (technically) of the ordinance of Christian baptism.
z5672
<5672> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 43
they eat 2068
{2068} Prime
ἐσθίω
esthio
{es-thee'-o}
Strengthened for a primary word ἔδω [[edo]] (to eat); used only in certain tenses, the rest being supplied by G5315; to eat (usually literally).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
not. 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
other things 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
there be, 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
they have received 3880
{3880} Prime
παραλαμβάνω
paralambano
{par-al-am-ban'-o}
From G3844 and G2983; to receive near, that is, associate with oneself (in any familiar or intimate act or relation); by analogy to assume an office; figuratively to learn.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
to hold, 2902
{2902} Prime
κρατέω
krateo
{krat-eh'-o}
From G2904; to use strength, that is, seize or retain (literally or figuratively).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
[as] the washing 909
{0909} Prime
βαπτισμός
baptismos
{bap-tis-mos'}
From G0907; ablution (ceremonially or Christian).
of cups, 4221
{4221} Prime
ποτήριον
poterion
{pot-ay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a derivative of the alternate of G4095; a drinking vessel; by extension the contents thereof, that is, a cupful (draught); figuratively a lot or fate.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
pots, 3582
{3582} Prime
ξέστης
xestes
{xes'-tace}
As if from ξέω [[xeo]] (which properly means to smooth; by implication [of friction] to boil or heat); a vessel (as fashioned or for cooking), (or perhaps by corruption from the Latin sextarius, the sixth of a modius, that is, about a pint), that is, (specifically) a measure for liquids or solids, (by analogy a pitcher).
2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
brasen vessels, 5473
{5473} Prime
χαλκίον
chalkion
{khal-kee'-on}
Diminutive from G5475; a copper dish.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
of tables. 2825
{2825} Prime
κλίνη
kline
{klee'-nay}
From G2827; a couch (for sleep, sickness, sitting or eating).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Mark 7:1-23.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 7:1-23.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 7:4

Washing of cups and pots and brazen vessels and couches — The Greek word (baptisms) means indifferently either washing or sprinkling. The cups, pots, and vessels were washed; the couches sprinkled.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 7:4

And [when they come] from the (d) market, except they wash, they eat not. And many other things there be, which they have received to hold, [as] the washing of cups, and (e) pots, brasen vessels, and of tables.

(d) That is to say, after coming from civil and worldly affairs they do not eat unless they first wash themselves.

(e) By these words are understood all types of vessels which we use daily.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
except:

Job 9:30-31 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean; ... Yet shalt thou plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me.
Psalms 26:6 I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O LORD:
Isaiah 1:16 Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
Jeremiah 4:14 O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee?
Matthew 27:24 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it].
Luke 11:38-39 And when the Pharisee saw [it], he marvelled that he had not first washed before dinner. ... And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup and the platter; but your inward part is full of ravening and wickedness.
John 2:6 And there were set there six waterpots of stone, after the manner of the purifying of the Jews, containing two or three firkins apiece.
John 3:25 Then there arose a question between [some] of John's disciples and the Jews about purifying.
Hebrews 9:10 [Which stood] only in meats and drinks, and divers washings, and carnal ordinances, imposed [on them] until the time of reformation.
James 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded.
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

pots:
"Gr. Sextarius; about a pint and a half."

tables:
or, beds
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Jb 9:30. Ps 26:6. Is 1:16. Jr 4:14. Mt 27:24. Lk 11:38. Jn 2:6; 3:25. He 9:10. Jm 4:8. 1Jn 1:7.

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