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Mark 6:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They sat down in groups of hundreds and of fifties.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they sat down in ranks by hundreds and by fifties.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they fell back, in companies, by hundreds and by fifties.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and they sat down in squares, by hundreds, and by fifties.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds and by fifties.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they sate downe in rankes by hundreds, and by fifties.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and they reclined in companies, by hundreds and by fifties.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they reclined, by companies of a hundred, and of fifty.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they sat down 377
{0377} Prime
ἀναπίπτω
anapipto
{an-ap-ip'-to}
From G0303 and G4098; to fall back, that is, lie down, lean back.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
in ranks, 4237
{4237} Prime
πρασιά
prasia
{pras-ee-ah'}
Perhaps from πράσον [[prason]] (a leek, and so an onion patch); a garden plot, that is, (by implication of regular beds) a row (repeated in plural by Hebraism to indicate an arrangement).
by y303
[0303] Standard
ἀνά
ana
{an-ah'}
A primary preposition and adverb; properly up; but (by extension) used (distributively) severally, or (locally) at (etc.).
hundreds, 1540
{1540} Prime
ἑκατόν
hekaton
{hek-at-on'}
Of uncertain affinity; a hundred.
x303
(0303) Complement
ἀνά
ana
{an-ah'}
A primary preposition and adverb; properly up; but (by extension) used (distributively) severally, or (locally) at (etc.).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
by y303
[0303] Standard
ἀνά
ana
{an-ah'}
A primary preposition and adverb; properly up; but (by extension) used (distributively) severally, or (locally) at (etc.).
fifties. 4004
{4004} Prime
πεντήκοντα
pentekonta
{pen-tay'-kon-tah}
Multiplicative of G4002; fifty.
x303
(0303) Complement
ἀνά
ana
{an-ah'}
A primary preposition and adverb; properly up; but (by extension) used (distributively) severally, or (locally) at (etc.).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 6:40

_ _ And they sat down in ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties — Doubtless this was to show at a glance the number fed, and to enable all to witness in an orderly manner this glorious miracle.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 6:30-44.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 6:40

They sat down in ranks — The word properly signifies a parterre or bed in a garden; by a metaphor, a company of men ranged in order, by hundreds and by fifties — That is, fifty in rank, and a hundred in file. So a hundred multiplied by fifty, make just five thousand.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 6:40

And they sat down in (u) ranks, by hundreds, and by fifties.

(u) The word signifies the beds in a garden, and it is literally, "by beds and beds", meaning by this that they sat down in rows one by another, as beds in a garden.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
by hundreds:
It is generally supposed that they were so arranged as to be a hundred in rank, or depth, and fifty in front, or file; which would make the number just five thousand, and will reconcile this account with Luke's, who only speaks of their sitting down by fifties.
Luke 9:14-15 For they were about five thousand men. And he said to his disciples, Make them sit down by fifties in a company. ... And they did so, and made them all sit down.
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