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Mark 4:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And other fell on the rocky [ground], where it had not much earth; and straightway it sprang up, because it had no deepness of earth:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Other [seed] fell on the rocky [ground] where it did not have much soil; and immediately it sprang up because it had no depth of soil.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And another fell on the rocky ground, where it had not much earth, and immediately it sprung up out [of the ground] because it had no depth of earth;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, some, fell on the rocky places, [even] where it had not much earth,—and, straightway, it sprang forth, by reason of its not having depth of earth;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and other fell upon the rocky ground, where it had not much earth, and immediately it sprang forth, because of not having depth of earth,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And other some fell upon stony ground, where it had not much earth; and it shot up immediately, because it had no depth of earth.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And some fell on stonie ground, where it had not much earth: and immediately it sprang vp, because it had no depth of earth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And other fell upon the rock, so that it had not much earth; and it soon came up, because it had not depth of earth:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And other [seed] fell on a rock, so that it had not much earth; and it soon shot up, because it had no depth of earth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
some 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
fell 4098
{4098} Prime
πίπτω
pipto
{pip'-to}
The first is a reduplicated and contracted form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); probably akin to G4072 through the idea of alighting; to fall (literally of figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
stony ground, 4075
{4075} Prime
πετρώδης
petrodes
{pet-ro'-dace}
From G4073 and G1491; rock like, that is, rocky.
where 3699
{3699} Prime
ὅπου
hopou
{hop'-oo}
From G3739 and G4225; what (-ever) where, that is, at whichever spot.
it had 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
much 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
earth; 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
immediately 2112
{2112} Prime
εὐθέως
eutheos
{yoo-theh'-oce}
Adverb from G2117; directly, that is, at once or soon.
it sprang up, 1816
{1816} Prime
ἐξανατέλλω
exanatello
{ex-an-at-el'-lo}
From G1537 and G0393; to start up out of the ground, that is, germinate.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
because y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
it had 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
no 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
depth 899
{0899} Prime
βάθος
bathos
{bath'-os}
From the same as G0901; profundity, that is, (by implication) extent; (figuratively) mystery.
of earth: 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 4:5

_ _ Mark 4:5, Mark 4:16. \i1 Second Case: The stony or rather, rocky ground.par And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth — “the rocky ground”; in Matthew (Matthew 13:5), “the rocky places”; in Luke (Luke 8:6), “the rock.” The thing intended is, not ground with stones in it which would not prevent the roots striking downward, but ground where a quite thin surface of earth covers a rock. What means this? See on Mark 4:16.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 4:1-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Mark 4:16-17 And these are they likewise which are sown on stony ground; who, when they have heard the word, immediately receive it with gladness; ... And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
Ezekiel 11:19 And I will give them one heart, and I will put a new spirit within you; and I will take the stony heart out of their flesh, and will give them an heart of flesh:
Ezekiel 36:26 A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.
Hosea 10:12 Sow to yourselves in righteousness, reap in mercy; break up your fallow ground: for [it is] time to seek the LORD, till he come and rain righteousness upon you.
Amos 6:12 Shall horses run upon the rock? will [one] plow [there] with oxen? for ye have turned judgment into gall, and the fruit of righteousness into hemlock:
Matthew 13:5-6 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: ... And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
Matthew 13:20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it;
Luke 8:6 And some fell upon a rock; and as soon as it was sprung up, it withered away, because it lacked moisture.
Luke 8:13 They on the rock [are they], which, when they hear, receive the word with joy; and these have no root, which for a while believe, and in time of temptation fall away.
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Ezk 11:19; 36:26. Ho 10:12. Am 6:12. Mt 13:5, 20. Mk 4:16. Lk 8:6, 13.

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