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Mark 4:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion: and they awake him, and say unto him, Teacher, carest thou not that we perish?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he was in the hinder part of the ship, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say unto him, Master, carest thou not that we perish?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Jesus Himself was in the stern, asleep on the cushion; and they *woke Him and *said to Him, “Teacher, do You not care that we are perishing?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he was in the hinder part of the boat, asleep on a pillow: and they awake him, and say to him, Master, carest thou not that we perish?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And *he* was in the stern sleeping on the cushion. And they awake him up and say to him, Teacher, dost thou not care that we are perishing?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he was in the stern, on the cushion, sleeping. And they arouse him, and say unto him, Teacher! carest thou not that we perish?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he himself was upon the stern, upon the pillow sleeping, and they wake him up, and say to him, 'Teacher, art thou not caring that we perish?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he was in the hinder part of the ship, sleeping upon a pillow; and they awake him, and say to him: Master, doth, it not concern thee that we perish?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he was in the hinder part of the ship asleepe on a pillow: and they awake him, and say vnto him, Master, carest thou not, that we perish?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But Jeshu upon a pillow slept in the after-part of the vessel, and they came and raised him, saying to him, Raban, hast thou no care that we are perishing?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Jesus was asleep on a pillow in the hinder part of the ship. And they came and awoke him, and said to him: Our Rabbi, carest thou not, that we perish?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
was 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
in 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hinder part of the ship, 4403
{4403} Prime
πρύμνα
prumna
{proom'-nah}
Feminine of πρυμνύς [[prumnus]] (hindmost); the stern of a ship.
asleep 2518
{2518} Prime
καθεύδω
katheudo
{kath-yoo'-do}
From G2596 and εὕδω [[heudo]] (to sleep); to lie down to rest, that is, (by implication) to fall asleep (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
a pillow: 4344
{4344} Prime
προσκεφάλαιον
proskephalaion
{pros-kef-al'-ahee-on}
Neuter of a presumed compound of G4314 and G2776; something for the head, that is, a cushion.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they awake 1326
{1326} Prime
διεγείρω
diegeiro
{dee-eg-i'-ro}
From G1223 and G1453; to wake fully, that is, arouse (literally or figuratively).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
unto him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Master, 1320
{1320} Prime
διδάσκαλος
didaskalos
{did-as'-kal-os}
From G1321; an instructor (generally or specifically).
carest 3199
{3199} Prime
μέλω
melo
{mel'-o}
A primary verb; to be of interest to, that is, to concern (only third person singular present indicative used impersonally it matters).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
thou 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
that 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
we perish? 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5731
<5731> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 69
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 4:38

_ _ And he was in the hinder part of the ship — or stern.

_ _ asleep on a pillow — either a place in the vessel made to receive the head, or a cushion for the head to rest on. It was evening; and after the fatigues of a busy day of teaching under the hot sun, having nothing to do while crossing the lake, He sinks into a deep sleep, which even this tempest raging around and tossing the little vessel did not disturb.

_ _ and they awake him, and say unto him, Master — or “Teacher.” In Luke (Luke 8:24) this is doubled — in token of their life-and-death earnestness — “Master, Master.”

_ _ carest thou not that we perish? — Unbelief and fear made them sadly forget their place, to speak so. Matthew (Matthew 8:25) has it, “Lord, save us, we perish.” When those accustomed to fish upon that deep thus spake, the danger must have been imminent. They say nothing of what would become of Him, if they perished; nor think, whether, if He could not perish, it was likely He would let this happen to them; but they hardly knew what they said.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 4:35-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 4:38

On the pillow — So we translate it, for want of a proper English expression, for that particular part of the vessel near the rudder, on which he lay.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
in the:

John 4:6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with [his] journey, sat thus on the well: [and] it was about the sixth hour.
Hebrews 2:17 Wherefore in all things it behoved him to be made like unto [his] brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest in things [pertaining] to God, to make reconciliation for the sins of the people.
Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.

and they:

1 Kings 18:27-29 And it came to pass at noon, that Elijah mocked them, and said, Cry aloud: for he [is] a god; either he is talking, or he is pursuing, or he is in a journey, [or] peradventure he sleepeth, and must be awaked. ... And it came to pass, when midday was past, and they prophesied until the [time] of the offering of the [evening] sacrifice, that [there was] neither voice, nor any to answer, nor any that regarded.
Job 8:5-6 If thou wouldest seek unto God betimes, and make thy supplication to the Almighty; ... If thou [wert] pure and upright; surely now he would awake for thee, and make the habitation of thy righteousness prosperous.
Psalms 44:23-24 Awake, why sleepest thou, O Lord? arise, cast [us] not off for ever. ... Wherefore hidest thou thy face, [and] forgettest our affliction and our oppression?
Isaiah 51:9-10 Awake, awake, put on strength, O arm of the LORD; awake, as in the ancient days, in the generations of old. [Art] thou not it that hath cut Rahab, [and] wounded the dragon? ... [Art] thou not it which hath dried the sea, the waters of the great deep; that hath made the depths of the sea a way for the ransomed to pass over?
Matthew 8:25 And his disciples came to [him], and awoke him, saying, Lord, save us: we perish.
Luke 8:24 And they came to him, and awoke him, saying, Master, master, we perish. Then he arose, and rebuked the wind and the raging of the water: and they ceased, and there was a calm.

carest:

Psalms 10:1-2 Why standest thou afar off, O LORD? [why] hidest thou [thyself] in times of trouble? ... The wicked in [his] pride doth persecute the poor: let them be taken in the devices that they have imagined.
Psalms 22:1-2 [[To the chief Musician upon Aijeleth Shahar, A Psalm of David.]] My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? [why art thou so] far from helping me, [and from] the words of my roaring? ... O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
Psalms 77:7-10 Will the Lord cast off for ever? and will he be favourable no more? ... And I said, This [is] my infirmity: [but I will remember] the years of the right hand of the most High.
Isaiah 40:27-28 Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel, My way is hid from the LORD, and my judgment is passed over from my God? ... Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, [that] the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? [there is] no searching of his understanding.
Isaiah 49:14-16 But Zion said, The LORD hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me. ... Behold, I have graven thee upon the palms of [my] hands; thy walls [are] continually before me.
Isaiah 54:6-8 For the LORD hath called thee as a woman forsaken and grieved in spirit, and a wife of youth, when thou wast refused, saith thy God. ... In a little wrath I hid my face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have mercy on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer.
Isaiah 63:15 Look down from heaven, and behold from the habitation of thy holiness and of thy glory: where [is] thy zeal and thy strength, the sounding of thy bowels and of thy mercies toward me? are they restrained?
Isaiah 64:12 Wilt thou refrain thyself for these [things], O LORD? wilt thou hold thy peace, and afflict us very sore?
Lamentations 3:8 Also when I cry and shout, he shutteth out my prayer.
1 Peter 5:7 Casting all your care upon him; for he careth for you.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1K 18:27. Jb 8:5. Ps 10:1; 22:1; 44:23; 77:7. Is 40:27; 49:14; 51:9; 54:6; 63:15; 64:12. Lm 3:8. Mt 8:25. Lk 8:24. Jn 4:6. He 2:17; 4:15. 1P 5:7.

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