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Mark 4:37 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there ariseth a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the boat, insomuch that the boat was now filling.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And there *arose a fierce gale of wind, and the waves were breaking over the boat so much that the boat was already filling up.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the boat, so that it was now full.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And there comes a violent gust of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it already filled.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And there ariseth a great tempest of wind,—and, the waves, were dashing over into the boat, so that, already being filled, was the boat.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And there cometh a great storm of wind, and the waves were beating on the boat, so that it is now being filled,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that the ship was filled.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And there arose a great storme of wind, and the waues beat into the ship, so that it was now full.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And there was a great commotion and wind, and the waves fell upon the vessel, which was nigh being filled.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And there was a great tempest and wind: and the waves beat upon the ship, and it was near being filled.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
there arose 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
a great 3173
{3173} Prime
μέγας
megas
{meg'-as}
Including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη [[megale]], plural μέγάλοι [[megaloi]], etc.; compare also G3176, G3187], big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application).
storm 2978
{2978} Prime
λαῖλαψ
lailaps
{lah'-ee-laps}
Of uncertain derivation; a whirlwind (squall).
of wind, 417
{0417} Prime
ἄνεμος
anemos
{an'-em-os}
From the base of G0109; wind; (plural) by implication (the four) quarters (of the earth).
and 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
waves 2949
{2949} Prime
κῦμα
kuma
{koo'-mah}
From κύω [[kuo]] (to swell [with young], that is, bend, curve); a billow (as bursting or toppling).
beat 1911
{1911} Prime
ἐπιβάλλω
epiballo
{ep-ee-bal'-lo}
From G1909 and G0906; to throw upon (literally or figuratively, transitively or reflexively; usually with more or less force); specifically (with G1438 implied) to reflect; impersonally to belong to.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
ship, 4143
{4143} Prime
πλοῖον
ploion
{ploy'-on}
From G4126; a sailer, that is, vessel.
so that 5620
{5620} Prime
ὥστε
hoste
{hoce'-teh}
From G5613 and G5037; so too, that is, thus therefore (in various relations of consecution, as shown).
it 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
was y1072
[1072] Standard
γεμίζω
gemizo
{ghem-id'-zo}
Transitive from G1073; to fill entirely.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
now y2235
[2235] Standard
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
full. 1072
{1072} Prime
γεμίζω
gemizo
{ghem-id'-zo}
Transitive from G1073; to fill entirely.
z5745
<5745> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 105
x2235
(2235) Complement
ἤδη
ede
{ay'-day}
Apparently from G2228 (or possibly G2229) and G1211; even now.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 4:37

_ _ And there arose a great storm of wind — “a tempest of wind.” To such sudden squalls the Sea of Galilee is very liable from its position, in a deep basin, skirted on the east by lofty mountain ranges, while on the west the hills are intersected by narrow gorges through which the wind sweeps across the lake, and raises its waters with great rapidity into a storm.

_ _ and the waves beat into the ship — kept beating or pitching on the ship.

_ _ so that it was now full — rather, “so that it was already filling.” In Matthew (Matthew 8:24), “insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves”; but this is too strong. It should be, “so that the ship was getting covered by the waves.” So we must translate the word used in Luke (Luke 8:23) — not as in our version — “And there came down a storm on the lake, and they were filled [with water]” — but “they were getting filled,” that is, those who sailed; meaning, of course, that their ship was so.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 4:35-41.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 4:37

(6) And there arose a great storm of wind, and the waves beat into the ship, so that it was now full.

(6) They that sail with Christ, although he seems to sleep ever so soundly when they are in danger, yet they are preserved by him in due time, being awakened.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
there arose:

Matthew 8:23-24 And when he was entered into a ship, his disciples followed him. ... And, behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the ship was covered with the waves: but he was asleep.
Luke 8:22-23 Now it came to pass on a certain day, that he went into a ship with his disciples: and he said unto them, Let us go over unto the other side of the lake. And they launched forth. ... But as they sailed he fell asleep: and there came down a storm of wind on the lake; and they were filled [with water], and were in jeopardy.

great storm:

Job 1:12 And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath [is] in thy power; only upon himself put not forth thine hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of the LORD.
Job 1:19 And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell thee.
Psalms 107:23-31 They that go down to the sea in ships, that do business in great waters; ... Oh that [men] would praise the LORD [for] his goodness, and [for] his wonderful works to the children of men!
Jonah 1:4 But the LORD sent out a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken.
Acts 27:14-20 But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon. ... And when neither sun nor stars in many days appeared, and no small tempest lay on [us], all hope that we should be saved was then taken away.
Acts 27:41 And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves.
2 Corinthians 11:25 Thrice was I beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night and a day I have been in the deep;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 1:12, 19. Ps 107:23. Jna 1:4. Mt 8:23. Lk 8:22. Ac 27:14, 41. 2Co 11:25.

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