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Mark 4:27 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and should sleep and rise night and day, and the seed should spring up and grow, he knoweth not how.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and he goes to bed at night and gets up by day, and the seed sprouts and grows—how, he himself does not know.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he knoweth not how.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and should sleep and rise up night and day, and the seed should sprout and grow, he does not know how.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and be sleeping and rising, night and day,—and the seed be sprouting, and lengthening itself,—how, he, knoweth not:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and may sleep, and may rise night and day, and the seed spring up and grow, he hath not known how;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And should sleep, and rise, night and day, and the seed should spring, and grow up whilst he knoweth not.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And should sleepe, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring, and grow vp, he knoweth not how.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and shall sleep, and rise up by night and day, and the seed shall increase, and become long, while he knoweth not,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and should sleep and rise, by night and by day, and the seed should grow an shoot up, he knoweth not how.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
should sleep, 2518
{2518} Prime
καθεύδω
katheudo
{kath-yoo'-do}
From G2596 and εὕδω [[heudo]] (to sleep); to lie down to rest, that is, (by implication) to fall asleep (literally or figuratively).
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
rise 1453
{1453} Prime
ἐγείρω
egeiro
{eg-i'-ro}
Probably akin to the base of G0058 (through the idea of collecting one's faculties); to waken (transitively or intransitively), that is, rouse (literally from sleep, from sitting or lying, from disease, from death; or figuratively from obscurity, inactivity, ruins, nonexistence).
z5747
<5747> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 18
night 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
day, 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
seed 4703
{4703} Prime
σπόρος
sporos
{spor'-os}
From G4687; a scattering (of seed), that is, (concretely) seed (as sown).
should spring 985
{0985} Prime
βλαστάνω
blastano
{blas-tan'-o}
From βλαστός [[blastos]] (a sprout); to germinate; by implication to yield fruit.
z5725
<5725> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 352
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
grow up, 3373
{3373} Prime
μηκύνω
mekuno
{may-koo'-no}
From G3372; to lengthen, that is, (middle voice) to enlarge.
z5747
<5747> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 18
he 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
knoweth 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
how. 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Mark 4:26-27.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 4:21-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 4:27

And (g) should sleep, and rise night and day, and the seed should spring and grow up, he (h) knoweth not how.

(g) That is, when he has finished sowing should wait both day and night not doubting that the seed should spring forth, which grows both by day and night.

(h) It is the duty of the ministers to work the ground with all diligence, and accredit the success to God: for the mighty work of the seed coming to blade and ear is mysterious, and is only known by the fruit that comes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and grow:

Ecclesiastes 8:17 Then I beheld all the work of God, that a man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun: because though a man labour to seek [it] out, yet he shall not find [it]; yea further; though a wise [man] think to know [it], yet shall he not be able to find [it].
Ecclesiastes 11:5 As thou knowest not what [is] the way of the spirit, [nor] how the bones [do grow] in the womb of her that is with child: even so thou knowest not the works of God who maketh all.
John 3:7-8 Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again. ... The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.
1 Corinthians 15:37-38 And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other [grain]: ... But God giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body.
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
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Ec 8:17; 11:5. Jn 3:7. 1Co 15:37. 2Th 1:3. 2P 3:18.

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