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Mark 4:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and they have no root in themselves, but endure for a while; then, when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, straightway they stumble.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they are offended.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and they have no [firm] root in themselves, but are [only] temporary; then, when affliction or persecution arises because of the word, immediately they fall away.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And have no root in themselves, and so endure but for a time: afterward, when affliction or persecution ariseth for the word's sake, immediately they relapse.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and they have no root in themselves, but are for a time: then, tribulation arising, or persecution on account of the word, immediately they are offended.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and have no root in themselves, but, only for a season are,—afterwards, when there ariseth tribulation or persecution by reason of the word, straightway, they find cause of stumbling;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and have not root in themselves, but are temporary; afterward tribulation or persecution having come because of the word, immediately they are stumbled.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they have no root in themselves, but are only for a time: and then when tribulation and persecution ariseth for the word they are presently scandalized.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And haue no roote in themselues, and so endure but for a time: afterward when affliction or persecution ariseth for the words sake, immediately they are offended.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— but they have no root in themselves, but are (only) for a time; and when there is affliction or persecution on account of the word, they are soon offended.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they have no root in them, but are temporary; and when there is affliction or persecution on account of the word, they are quickly stumbled.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
have 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
no 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
root 4491
{4491} Prime
ῥίζα
rhiza
{hrid'-zah}
Apparently a primary word; a 'root' (literally or figuratively).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
themselves, 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
and 235
{0235} Prime
ἀλλά
alla
{al-lah'}
Neuter plural of G0243; properly other things, that is, (adverbially) contrariwise (in many relations).
so x1526
(1526) Complement
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
endure y1526
[1526] Standard
εἰσί
eisi
{i-see'}
Third person plural present indicative of G1510; they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
but for a time: 4340
{4340} Prime
πρόσκαιρος
proskairos
{pros'-kahee-ros}
From G4314 and G2540; for the occasion only, that is, temporary.
afterward, 1534
{1534} Prime
εἶτα
eita
{i'-tah}
Of uncertain affinity; a particle of succession (in time or logical enumeration), then, moreover.
when affliction 2347
{2347} Prime
θλῖψις
thlipsis
{thlip'-sis}
From G2346; pressure (literally or figuratively).
or 2228
{2228} Prime

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
persecution 1375
{1375} Prime
διωγμός
diogmos
{dee-ogue-mos'}
From G1377; persecution.
ariseth 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5637
<5637> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 137
for y1223
[1223] Standard
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
the word's sake, 3056
{3056} Prime
λόγος
logos
{log'-os}
From G3004; something said (including the thought); by implication a topic (subject of discourse), also reasoning (the mental faculty) or motive; by extension a computation; specifically (with the article in John) the Divine Expression (that is, Christ).
x1223
(1223) Complement
διά
dia
{dee-ah'}
A primary preposition denoting the channel of an act; through (in very wide applications, local, causal or occasional). In composition it retains the same general import.
x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
immediately 2112
{2112} Prime
εὐθέως
eutheos
{yoo-theh'-oce}
Adverb from G2117; directly, that is, at once or soon.
they are offended. 4624
{4624} Prime
σκανδαλίζω
skandalizo
{skan-dal-id'-zo}
To 'scandalize'; from G4625; to entrap, that is, trip up (figuratively stumble [transitively] or entice to sin, apostasy or displeasure).
z5743
<5743> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

[[no comment]]

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 4:1-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
have:

Mark 4:5-6 And some fell on stony ground, where it had not much earth; and immediately it sprang up, because it had no depth of earth: ... But when the sun was up, it was scorched; and because it had no root, it withered away.
Job 19:28 But ye should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the matter is found in me?
Job 27:8-10 For what [is] the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul? ... Will he delight himself in the Almighty? will he always call upon God?
Matthew 12:31 Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy [against] the [Holy] Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men.
Luke 12:10 And whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but unto him that blasphemeth against the Holy Ghost it shall not be forgiven.
John 8:31 Then said Jesus to those Jews which believed on him, If ye continue in my word, [then] are ye my disciples indeed;
John 15:2-7 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. ... If ye abide in me, and my words abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.
2 Timothy 1:15 This thou knowest, that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me; of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes.
2 Timothy 2:17-18 And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus; ... Who concerning the truth have erred, saying that the resurrection is past already; and overthrow the faith of some.
2 Timothy 4:10 For Demas hath forsaken me, having loved this present world, and is departed unto Thessalonica; Crescens to Galatia, Titus unto Dalmatia.
1 John 2:19 They went out from us, but they were not of us; for if they had been of us, they would [no doubt] have continued with us: but [they went out], that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us.

when:

Matthew 11:6 And blessed is [he], whosoever shall not be offended in me.
Matthew 13:21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended.
Matthew 24:9-10 Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name's sake. ... And then shall many be offended, and shall betray one another, and shall hate one another.
1 Corinthians 10:12-13 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall. ... There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it].
Galatians 6:12 As many as desire to make a fair shew in the flesh, they constrain you to be circumcised; only lest they should suffer persecution for the cross of Christ.
1 Thessalonians 3:3-5 That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto. ... For this cause, when I could no longer forbear, I sent to know your faith, lest by some means the tempter have tempted you, and our labour be in vain.
2 Timothy 4:16 At my first answer no man stood with me, but all [men] forsook me: [I pray God] that it may not be laid to their charge.
Hebrews 10:29 Of how much sorer punishment, suppose ye, shall he be thought worthy, who hath trodden under foot the Son of God, and hath counted the blood of the covenant, wherewith he was sanctified, an unholy thing, and hath done despite unto the Spirit of grace?
Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.
Revelation 2:13 I know thy works, and where thou dwellest, [even] where Satan's seat [is]: and thou holdest fast my name, and hast not denied my faith, even in those days wherein Antipas [was] my faithful martyr, who was slain among you, where Satan dwelleth.
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Jb 19:28; 27:8. Mt 11:6; 12:31; 13:21; 24:9. Mk 4:5. Lk 12:10. Jn 8:31; 15:2. 1Co 10:12. Ga 6:12. 1Th 3:3. 2Ti 1:15; 2:17; 4:10, 16. He 10:29. 1Jn 2:19. Rv 2:10, 13.

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