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Mark 3:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And there come his mother and his brethren; and, standing without, they sent unto him, calling him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— There came then his brethren and his mother, and, standing without, sent unto him, calling him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then His mother and His brothers *arrived, and standing outside they sent [word] to Him and called Him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— There came then his brethren and his mother, and standing without, they sent to him, calling him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And his brethren and his mother come, and standing without sent to him calling him.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And there come his mother and his brethren, and, standing, outside, they sent unto him, calling him.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then come do his brethren and mother, and standing without, they sent unto him, calling him,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And his mother and his brethren came; and standing without, sent unto him, calling him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— There came then his brethren, and his mother, and standing without, sent vnto him, calling him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— AND there came his mother and his brethren, standing without; and they sent to call him to them.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And his mother and his brothers came, and, standing without, sent to call him to them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
There came 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
then 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
brethren 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
his x846
(0846) Complement
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
mother, 3384
{3384} Prime
μήτηρ
meter
{may'-tare}
Apparently a primary word; a 'mother' (literally or figuratively, immediate or remote).
and, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
standing 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5761
<5761> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 193
without, 1854
{1854} Prime
ἔξω
exo
{ex'-o}
Adverb from G1537; out (side, of doors), literally or figuratively.
sent 649
{0649} Prime
ἀποστέλλω
apostello
{ap-os-tel'-lo}
From G0575 and G4724; set apart, that is, (by implication) to send out (properly on a mission) literally or figuratively.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
calling 5455
{5455} Prime
φωνέω
phoneo
{fo-neh'-o}
From G5456; to emit a sound (animal, human or instrumental); by implication to address in words or by name, also in imitation.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
him. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 3:31-35

_ _ Mark 3:31-35. His mother and brethren seek to speak with him and the reply. ( = Matthew 12:46-50; Luke 8:19-21).

_ _ See on Matthew 12:46-50.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Mark 3:31-35

_ _ Here is, 1. The disrespect which Christ's kindred, according to the flesh, showed to him, when he was preaching (and they knew very well that he was then in his element); they not only stood without, having no desire to come in, and hear him, but they sent in a message to call him out to them (Mark 3:31, Mark 3:32), as if he must leave his work, to hearken to their impertinences; it is probable that they had no business with him, only sent for him on purpose to oblige him to break off, lest he should kill himself. He knew how far his strength would go, and preferred the salvation of souls before his own life, and soon after made it to appear with a witness; it was therefore an idle thing for them, under pretence of his sparing himself, to interrupt him; and it was worse, if really they had business with him, when they knew he preferred his business, as a Saviour, so much before any other business.

_ _ 2. The respect which Christ showed to his spiritual kindred upon this occasion. Now, as at other times, he put a comparative neglect upon his mother, which seemed purposely designed to obviate the prevent the extravagant respect which men in aftertimes would be apt to pay her. Our respect ought to be guided and governed by Christ's; now the virgin Mary, or Christ's mother, is not equalled with, but postponed to, ordinary believers, on whom Christ here puts a superlative honour. He looked upon those that at about him, and pronounced those of them that not only heard, but did, the will of God, to be to him as his brother, and sister, and mother; as much esteemed, loved, and cared for, as his nearest relations, Mark 3:33-35. This is a good reason why we should honour those that fear the Lord, and choose them for our people; why we should be not hearers of the word only, but doers of the work, that we may share with the saints in this honour, Surely it is good to be akin to those who are thus nearly allied to Christ, and to have fellowship with those that have fellowship with Christ; and woe to those that hate and persecute Christ's kindred, that are his bone and his flesh, every one resembling the children of a king (see Judges 8:18, Judges 8:19); for he will with jealously plead their cause, and avenge their blood.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 3:31

Then come his brethren and his mother — Having at length made their way through the crowd, so as to come to the door. His brethren are here named first, as being first and most earnest in the design of taking him: for neither did these of his brethren believe on him. They sent to him, calling him — They sent one into the house, who called him aloud, by name. Matthew 12:46; Luke 8:19.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 3:31

There came then his (q) brethren and his mother, and, standing without, sent unto him, calling him.

(q) By the name "brother" the Hebrews understand all that are of the same stock and blood.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 12:46-48 While he yet talked to the people, behold, [his] mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him. ... But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren?
Luke 8:19-21 Then came to him [his] mother and his brethren, and could not come at him for the press. ... And he answered and said unto them, My mother and my brethren are these which hear the word of God, and do it.
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Mt 12:46. Lk 8:19.

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