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Mark 15:21 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they compel one passing by, Simon of Cyrene, coming from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to go [with them], that he might bear his cross.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They *pressed into service a passer-by coming from the country, Simon of Cyrene (the father of Alexander and Rufus), to bear His cross.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they constrain one Simon, a Cyrenian, who was passing by, coming from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they compel to go [with them] a certain passer-by, Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from the field, the father of Alexander and Rufus, that he might carry his cross.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they impress a certain passer-by, Simon a Cyrenian, coming from a field, the father of Alexander and Rufus,—that he may carry his cross.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they impress a certain one passing by—Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from the field, the father of Alexander and Rufus—that he may bear his cross,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they forced one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and of Rufus, to take up his cross.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they compell one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, comming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to beare his Crosse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— AND they constrained one who was passing, Shemun Kurinoia, who was coming from the field, the father of Alexander and of Rufus, to bear his cross.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they compelled a passer-by, Simon the Cyrenian, the father of Alexander and Rufus, who was coming from the fields, to bear his cross.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they compel 29
{0029} Prime
ἀγγαρεύω
aggareuo
{ang-ar-yew'-o}
Of foreign origin (compare [H0104]); properly to be a courier, that is, (by implication) to press into public service.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
one 5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
Simon 4613
{4613} Prime
Σίμων
Simon
{see'-mone}
Of Hebrew origin [H8095]; Simon (that is, Shimon), the name of nine Israelites.
a Cyrenian, 2956
{2956} Prime
Κυρηναῖος
Kurenaios
{koo-ray-nah'-yos}
From G2957; a Cyrenaean, that is, inhabitant of Cyrene.
who passed by, 3855
{3855} Prime
παράγω
parago
{par-ag'-o}
From G3844 and G0071; to lead near, that is, (reflexively or intransitively) to go along or away.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
coming 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
out of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the country, 68
{0068} Prime
ἀγρός
agros
{ag-ros'}
From G0071; a field (as a drive for cattle); generally the country; specifically a farm, that is, hamlet.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
father 3962
{3962} Prime
πατήρ
pater
{pat-ayr'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'father' (literally or figuratively, near or more remote).
of Alexander 223
{0223} Prime
Ἀλέξανδρος
Alexandros
{al-ex'-an-dros}
From the same as (the first part of) G0220 and G0435; man-defender; Alexander, the name of three Israelites and one other man.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Rufus, 4504
{4504} Prime
Ῥοῦφος
Rhouphos
{hroo'-fos}
Of Latin origin; red; Rufus, a Christian.
to 2443
{2443} Prime
ἵνα
hina
{hin'-ah}
Probably from the same as the former part of G1438 (through the demonstrative idea; compare G3588); in order that (denoting the purpose or the result).
bear 142
{0142} Prime
αἴρω
airo
{ah'-ee-ro}
A primary verb; to lift; by implication to take up or away; figuratively to raise (the voice), keep in suspense (the mind); specifically to sail away (that is, weigh anchor); by Hebraism (compare [H5375]) to expiate sin.
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
cross. 4716
{4716} Prime
σταυρός
stauros
{stow-ros'}
From the base of G2476; a stake or post (as set upright), that is, (specifically) a pole or cross (as an instrument of capital punishment); figuratively exposure to death, that is, self denial; by implication the atonement of Christ.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 15:21-37

_ _ Mark 15:21-37. Crucifixion and death of the Lord Jesus. ( = Matthew 27:32-50; Luke 23:26-46; John 19:17-30).

_ _ See on John 19:17-30.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 15:15-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 15:21

The father of Alexander and Rufus — These were afterward two eminent Christians, and must have been well known when St. Mark wrote.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 15:21

And they (3) compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.

(3) The rage of the wicked has no measure; meanwhile, even the weakness of Christ, who was in pain under the heavy burden of the cross, manifestly shows that a lamb is led to be sacrificed.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they compel:

Matthew 27:32 And as they came out, they found a man of Cyrene, Simon by name: him they compelled to bear his cross.
Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear [it] after Jesus.

a Cyrenian:

Acts 2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes,
Acts 6:9 Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called [the synagogue] of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.
Acts 11:20 And some of them were men of Cyprus and Cyrene, which, when they were come to Antioch, spake unto the Grecians, preaching the Lord Jesus.
Acts 13:1 Now there were in the church that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

and Rufus:

Romans 16:13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

to bear:

Luke 14:27 And whosoever doth not bear his cross, and come after me, cannot be my disciple.
John 15:18-20 If the world hate you, ye know that it hated me before [it hated] you. ... Remember the word that I said unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord. If they have persecuted me, they will also persecute you; if they have kept my saying, they will keep yours also.
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Mt 27:32. Lk 14:27; 23:26. Jn 15:18. Ac 2:10; 6:9; 11:20; 13:1. Ro 16:13.

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