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Mark 15:19 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they smote his head with a reed, and spat upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing [their] knees worshipped him.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They kept beating His head with a reed, and spitting on Him, and kneeling and bowing before Him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they struck him on the head with a reed, and spit upon him, and bowing [their] knees, worshiped him.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they struck his head with a reed, and spat on him, and, bending the knee, did him homage.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and were striking him on the head with a reed, and were spitting at him,—and, bowing their knees, were doing him homage.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they were smiting him on the head with a reed, and were spitting on him, and having bent the knee, were bowing to him,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they struck his head with a reed: and they did spit on him. And bowing their knees, they adored him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit vpon him, and bowing their knees, worshipped him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— and they struck him upon the head with a cane, and spat in his face, and kneeled upon their knees and worshipped him.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they smote him on the head with a reed and spit in his face, and bowed upon their knees and worshipped him.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they smote 5180
{5180} Prime
τύπτω
tupto
{toop'-to}
A primary verb (in a strengthened form); to 'thump', that is, cudgel or pummel (properly with a stick or bastinado), but in any case by repeated blows; thus differing from G3817 and G3960, which denote a [usually single] blow with the hand or any instrument, or G4141 with the fist [or a hammer], or G4474 with the palm; as well as from G5177, an accidental collision); by implication to punish; figuratively to offend (the conscience).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
on the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
head 2776
{2776} Prime
κεφαλή
kephale
{kef-al-ay'}
Probably from the primary word κάπτω [[kapto]] (in the sense of seizing); the head (as the part most readily taken hold of), literally or figuratively.
with a reed, 2563
{2563} Prime
κάλαμος
kalamos
{kal'-am-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a reed (the plant or its stem, or that of a similar plant); by implication a pen.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
did spit y1716
[1716] Standard
ἐμπτύω
emptuo
{emp-too'-o}
From G1722 and G4429; to spit at or on.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
upon x1716
(1716) Complement
ἐμπτύω
emptuo
{emp-too'-o}
From G1722 and G4429; to spit at or on.
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
bowing 5087
{5087} Prime
τίθημι
tithemi
{tith'-ay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word θέω [[theo]], {theh'-o} (which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses); to place (in the widest application, literally and figuratively; properly in a passive or horizontal posture, and thus different from G2476, which properly denotes an upright and active position, while G2749 is properly reflexive and utterly prostrate).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[their] knees 1119
{1119} Prime
γόνυ
gonu
{gon-oo'}
Of uncertain affinity; the 'knee'.
worshipped 4352
{4352} Prime
προσκυνέω
proskuneo
{pros-koo-neh'-o}
From G4314 and probably a derivative of G2965 (meaning to kiss, like a dog licking his master's hand); to fawn or crouch to, that is, (literally or figuratively) prostrate oneself in homage (do reverence to, adore).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
him. 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Mark 15:1-20.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 15:15-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they smote:

Mark 9:12 And he answered and told them, Elias verily cometh first, and restoreth all things; and how it is written of the Son of man, that he must suffer many things, and be set at nought.
Mark 10:34 And they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.
Mark 14:65 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
Job 13:9 Is it good that he should search you out? or as one man mocketh another, do ye [so] mock him?
Job 30:8-12 [They were] children of fools, yea, children of base men: they were viler than the earth. ... Upon [my] right [hand] rise the youth; they push away my feet, and they raise up against me the ways of their destruction.
Psalms 22:6-7 But I [am] a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. ... All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, [saying],
Psalms 35:15-17 But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: [yea], the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew [it] not; they did tear [me], and ceased not: ... Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.
Psalms 69:12 They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I [was] the song of the drunkards.
Psalms 69:19-20 Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour: mine adversaries [are] all before thee. ... Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked [for some] to take pity, but [there was] none; and for comforters, but I found none.
Isaiah 49:7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, [and] his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, [and] the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.
Isaiah 50:6 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting.
Isaiah 52:14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
Isaiah 53:3-5 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. ... But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
Micah 5:1 Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.
Matthew 20:18-19 Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be betrayed unto the chief priests and unto the scribes, and they shall condemn him to death, ... And shall deliver him to the Gentiles to mock, and to scourge, and to crucify [him]: and the third day he shall rise again.
Luke 18:32-33 For he shall be delivered unto the Gentiles, and shall be mocked, and spitefully entreated, and spitted on: ... And they shall scourge [him], and put him to death: and the third day he shall rise again.
Luke 22:63 And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote [him].
Luke 23:11 And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked [him], and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.
Luke 23:36 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,
Hebrews 12:2-3 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God. ... For consider him that endured such contradiction of sinners against himself, lest ye be wearied and faint in your minds.
Hebrews 13:13 Let us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach.

and bowing:

Genesis 24:52 And it came to pass, that, when Abraham's servant heard their words, he worshipped the LORD, [bowing himself] to the earth.
Genesis 43:28 And they answered, Thy servant our father [is] in good health, he [is] yet alive. And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance.
1 Kings 19:18 Yet I have left [me] seven thousand in Israel, all the knees which have not bowed unto Baal, and every mouth which hath not kissed him.
Esther 3:2-5 And all the king's servants, that [were] in the king's gate, bowed, and reverenced Haman: for the king had so commanded concerning him. But Mordecai bowed not, nor did [him] reverence. ... And when Haman saw that Mordecai bowed not, nor did him reverence, then was Haman full of wrath.
Isaiah 45:23 I have sworn by myself, the word is gone out of my mouth [in] righteousness, and shall not return, That unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear.
Romans 11:4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to [the image of] Baal.
Romans 14:10-11 But why dost thou judge thy brother? or why dost thou set at nought thy brother? for we shall all stand before the judgment seat of Christ. ... For it is written, [As] I live, saith the Lord, every knee shall bow to me, and every tongue shall confess to God.
Philippians 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of [things] in heaven, and [things] in earth, and [things] under the earth;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 24:52; 43:28. 1K 19:18. Es 3:2. Jb 13:9; 30:8. Ps 22:6; 35:15; 69:12, 19. Is 45:23; 49:7; 50:6; 52:14; 53:3. Mi 5:1. Mt 20:18. Mk 9:12; 10:34; 14:65. Lk 18:32; 22:63; 23:11, 36. Ro 11:4; 14:10. Php 2:10. He 12:2; 13:13.

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