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Mark 14:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— She hath done what she could; she hath anointed my body beforehand for the burying.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “She has done what she could; she has anointed My body beforehand for the burial.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— She hath done what she could: she is come beforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— What *she* could she has done. She has beforehand anointed my body for the burial.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— What she had, she used,—She took it beforehand to anoint my body for the burial;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— what she could she did, she anticipated to anoint my body for the embalming.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— She hath done what she could: she is come beforehand to anoint my body for the burial.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— (With) that which was hers she hath done this, and beforehand as for the funeral she hath anointed my body.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— What was in her power, she hath done; and by anticipation, hath perfumed my body, as if for burial.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
She hath done 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
what 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
she 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
z5625
<5625> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

The Greek word has more than one possible Strong's number.
y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
could: 2192
{2192} Prime
ἔχω
echo
{ekh'-o}
A primary verb (including an alternate form σχέω [[scheo]], {skheh'-o}; used in certain tenses only); to hold (used in very various applications, literally or figuratively, direct or remote; such as possession, ability, contiguity, relation or condition).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
she is come aforehand 4301
{4301} Prime
προλαμβάνω
prolambano
{prol-am-ban'-o}
From G4253 and G2983; to take in advance, that is, (literally) eat before others have an opportunity; (figuratively) to anticipate, surprise.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
to anoint 3462
{3462} Prime
μυρίζω
murizo
{moo-rid'-zo}
From G3463; to apply (perfumed) unguent to.
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
body 4983
{4983} Prime
σῶμα
soma
{so'-mah}
From G4982; the body (as a sound whole), used in a very wide application, literally or figuratively.
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
burying. 1780
{1780} Prime
ἐνταφιασμός
entaphiasmos
{en-taf-ee-as-mos'}
From G1779; preparation for interment.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 14:8

_ _ She hath done what she could — a noble testimony, embodying a principle of immense importance.

_ _ she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying — or, as in John (John 12:7), “Against the day of my burying hath she kept this.” Not that she, dear heart, thought of His burial, much less reserved any of her nard to anoint her dead Lord. But as the time was so near at hand when that office would have to be performed, and she was not to have that privilege even after the spices were brought for the purpose (Mark 16:1), He lovingly regards it as done now. “In the act of love done to Him,” says Olshausen beautifully, “she has erected to herself an eternal monument, as lasting as the Gospel, the eternal Word of God. From generation to generation this remarkable prophecy of the Lord has been fulfilled; and even we, in explaining this saying of the Redeemer, of necessity contribute to its accomplishment.” “Who but Himself,” asks Stier, “had the power to ensure to any work of man, even if resounding in His own time through the whole earth, an imperishable remembrance in the stream of history? Behold once more here the majesty of His royal judicial supremacy in the government of the world, in this, ‘Verily I say unto you.’”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 14:1-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 14:8

(4) She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to anoint my body to the burying.

(4) This woman, by the secret influence of the Spirit, anoints Christ, and thus sets before men's eyes his death and burial which were at hand.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
hath done:
"It appears to me more probable," says Dr. Doddridge, "that Matthew and Mark should have introduced this story out of its place - that Lazarus, if he made this feast (which is not expressly said by John), should have made use of Simon's house, as more convenient - and that Mary should have poured this ointment on Christ's head and body, as well as on his feet - than that, within the compass of four days, Christ should have been twice anointed with so costly a perfume; and that the same fault should be found with the action, and the same value set upon the ointment, and the same words used in defence of the woman, and all this in the presence of many of the same persons; all which improbable particulars must be admitted, if the stories be considered as different." The rebuke which Judas received from Christ at this unction determined him in his resolution to betray his Master; and therefore Christ's rebuke, and Judas's revenge, are united, as cause and effect, by Matthew and Mark.
1 Chronicles 28:2-3 Then David the king stood up upon his feet, and said, Hear me, my brethren, and my people: [As for me], I [had] in mine heart to build an house of rest for the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and for the footstool of our God, and had made ready for the building: ... But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou [hast been] a man of war, and hast shed blood.
1 Chronicles 29:1-17 Furthermore David the king said unto all the congregation, Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, [is yet] young and tender, and the work [is] great: for the palace [is] not for man, but for the LORD God. ... I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.
2 Chronicles 31:20-21 And thus did Hezekiah throughout all Judah, and wrought [that which was] good and right and truth before the LORD his God. ... And in every work that he began in the service of the house of God, and in the law, and in the commandments, to seek his God, he did [it] with all his heart, and prospered.
2 Chronicles 34:19-33 And it came to pass, when the king had heard the words of the law, that he rent his clothes. ... And Josiah took away all the abominations out of all the countries that [pertained] to the children of Israel, and made all that were present in Israel to serve, [even] to serve the LORD their God. [And] all his days they departed not from following the LORD, the God of their fathers.
Psalms 110:3 Thy people [shall be] willing in the day of thy power, in the beauties of holiness from the womb of the morning: thou hast the dew of thy youth.
2 Corinthians 8:1-3 Moreover, brethren, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches of Macedonia; ... For to [their] power, I bear record, yea, and beyond [their] power [they were] willing of themselves;
2 Corinthians 8:12 For if there be first a willing mind, [it is] accepted according to that a man hath, [and] not according to that he hath not.

she is:

Mark 15:42-47 And now when the even was come, because it was the preparation, that is, the day before the sabbath, ... And Mary Magdalene and Mary [the mother] of Joses beheld where he was laid.
Mark 16:1 And when the sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, and Mary the [mother] of James, and Salome, had bought sweet spices, that they might come and anoint him.
Luke 23:53-56 And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid. ... And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.
Luke 24:1-3 Now upon the first [day] of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain [others] with them. ... And they entered in, and found not the body of the Lord Jesus.
John 12:7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.
John 19:32-42 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him. ... There laid they Jesus therefore because of the Jews' preparation [day]; for the sepulchre was nigh at hand.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ch 28:2; 29:1. 2Ch 31:20; 34:19. Ps 110:3. Mk 15:42; 16:1. Lk 23:53; 24:1. Jn 12:7; 19:32. 2Co 8:1, 12.

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