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Mark 14:66 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And as Peter was beneath in the court, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As Peter was below in the courtyard, one of the servant-girls of the high priest *came,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And as Peter was below in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest:
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And Peter being below in the palace-court, there comes one of the maids of the high priest,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, Peter, being, below in the court, there cometh one of the maid-servants of the High-priest;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Peter being in the hall beneath, there doth come one of the maids of the chief priest,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now when Peter was in the court below, there cometh one of the maidservants of the high priest.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there commeth one of the maides of the high Priest.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And Shemun being below in the court, there came a certain damsel of the chief of the priests.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And as Simon was below in the court, a maid of the high priest came,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
as Peter 4074
{4074} Prime
Πέτρος
Petros
{pet'-ros}
Apparently a primary word; a (piece of) rock (larger than G3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle.
was 5607
{5607} Prime
ὤν
on
{oan}
The feminine, the neuter and the present participle of G1510; being.
z5752
<5752> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 186
beneath 2736
{2736} Prime
κάτω
kato
{kat'-o}
[Compare G2737]; adverb from G2596; downwards.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
palace, 833
{0833} Prime
αὐλή
aule
{ow-lay'}
From the same as G0109; a yard (as open to the wind); by implication a mansion.
there cometh 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
one 3391
{3391} Prime
μία
mia
{mee'-ah}
Irregular feminine of G1520; one or first.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
maids 3814
{3814} Prime
παιδίσκη
paidiske
{pahee-dis'-kay}
Feminine diminutive of G3816; a girl, that is, (specifically) a female slave or servant.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
high priest: 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 14:66

_ _ Mark 14:66-68. Peter’s First Denial of his Lord.

_ _ And as Peter was beneath in the palace — This little word “beneath” — one of our Evangelist’s graphic touches — is most important for the right understanding of what we may call the topography of the scene. We must take it in connection with Matthew’s word (Matthew 26:69): “Now Peter sat without in the palace” — or quadrangular court, in the center of which the fire would be burning; and crowding around and buzzing about it would be the menials and others who had been admitted within the court. At the upper end of this court, probably, would be the memorable chamber in which the trial was held — open to the court, likely, and not far from the fire (as we gather from Luke 22:61), but on a higher level; for (as our verse says) the court, with Peter in it, was “beneath” it. The ascent to the Council chamber was perhaps by a short flight of steps. If the reader will bear this explanation in mind, he will find the intensely interesting details which follow more intelligible.

_ _ there cometh one of the maids of the high priest — “the damsel that kept the door” (John 18:17). The Jews seem to have employed women as porters of their doors (Acts 12:13).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Mark 14:66-72

_ _ We have here the story of Peter's denying Christ.

_ _ 1. It began in keeping at a distance from him. Peter had followed afar off (Mark 14:54), and now was beneath in the palace, at the lower end of the hall. Those that are shy of Christ, are in a fair way to deny him, that are shy of attending on holy ordinances, shy of the communion of the faithful, and loth to be seen on the side of despised godliness.

_ _ 2. It was occasioned by his associating with the high priest's servants, and sitting among them. They that think it dangerous to be in company with Christ's disciples, because thence they may be drawn in to suffer for him, will find it much more dangerous to be in company with his enemies, because there they may be drawn in to sin against him.

_ _ 3. The temptation was, his being charged as a disciple of Christ; Thou also wert with Jesus of Nazareth, Mark 14:67. This is one of them (Mark 14:69), for thou art a Galilean, one may know that by thy speaking broad, Mark 14:70. It doth not appear that he was challenged upon it, or in danger of being prosecuted as a criminal for it, but only bantered upon it, and in danger of being ridiculed as a fool for it. While the chief priests were abusing the Master, the servants were abusing the disciples. Sometimes the cause of Christ seems to fall so much on the losing side, that every body has a stone to throw at it, and even the abjects gather themselves together against it. When Job was on the dunghill, he was had in derision of those that were the children of base men, Job 30:8. Yet, all things considered, the temptation could not be called formidable; it was only a maid that casually cast her eye upon him, and, for aught that appears, without design of giving him any trouble, said, Thou art one of them, to which he needed not to have made any reply, or might have said, “And if I be, I hope that is no treason.”

_ _ 4. The sin was very great; he denied Christ before men, at a time when he ought to have confessed and owned him, and to have appeared in court a witness for him. Christ had often given notice to his disciples of his own sufferings; yet, when they came, they were to Peter as great a surprise and terror as if he had never heard of them before. He had often told them that they must suffer for him, must take up their cross, and follow him; and yet Peter is so terribly afraid of suffering, upon the very first alarm of it, that he will lie and swear, and do any thing, to avoid it. When Christ was admired and flocked after, he could readily own him; but now that he is deserted, and despised, and run down, he is ashamed of him, and will own no relation to him.

_ _ 5. His repentance was very speedy. He repeated his denial thrice, and the third was worst of all, for then he cursed and swore, to confirm his denial; and that the third blow, which, one would think, should have stunned him, and knocked him down, startled him, and roused him up. Then the cock crew the second time, which put him in mind of his Master's words, the warning he had given him, with that particular circumstance of the cock crowing twice; by recollecting that, he was made sensible of his sin and the aggravations of it; and when he thought thereon, he wept. Some observe that this evangelist, who wrote, as some have thought, by St. Peter's direction, speaks as fully of Peter's sin as any of them, but more briefly of his sorrow, which Peter, in modesty, would not have to be magnified, and because he thought he could never sorrow enough for great a sin. His repentance here is thus expressed, epibaln eklaie, where something must be supplied. He added to weep, so some; making it a Hebraism; he wept, and the more he thought of it, the more he wept; he continued weeping; he flung out, and wept; burst out into tears; threw himself down, and wept; he covered his face, and wept, so some; cast his garment about his head, that he might not be seen to weep; he cast his eyes upon his Master, who turned, and looked upon him; so Dr. Hammond supplies it, and it is a probable conjecture. Or, as we understand it, fixing his mind upon it, he wept. It is not a transient thought of that which is humbling, that will suffice, but we must dwell upon it. Or, what if this word should mean his laying a load upon himself, throwing a confusion into his own face? he did as the publican that smote his breast, in sorrow for sin; and this amounts to his weeping bitterly.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 14:66

(16) And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh one of the maids of the high priest:

(16) A grievous example of the frailness of man together with a most comfortable example of the mercy of God, who gives the spirit of repentance and faith to his elect.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
as:

Mark 14:54 And Peter followed him afar off, even into the palace of the high priest: and he sat with the servants, and warmed himself at the fire.
Matthew 26:58 But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.
Matthew 26:69-70 Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee. ... But he denied before [them] all, saying, I know not what thou sayest.
Luke 22:55-57 And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them. ... And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.

One:

John 18:15-18 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and [so did] another disciple: that disciple was known unto the high priest, and went in with Jesus into the palace of the high priest. ... And the servants and officers stood there, who had made a fire of coals; for it was cold: and they warmed themselves: and Peter stood with them, and warmed himself.
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Mt 26:58, 69. Mk 14:54. Lk 22:55. Jn 18:15.

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