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Mark 14:53 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and there come together with him all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They led Jesus away to the high priest; and all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes *gathered together.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled all the chief priests, and the elders and the scribes.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And they led away Jesus to the high priest. And there come together to him all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And they led away Jesus unto the High-priest; and all the High-priests and the Elders and the Scribes gather together.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And they led away Jesus unto the chief priest, and come together to him do all the chief priests, and the elders, and the scribes;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And they brought Jesus to the high priest. And all the priests and the scribes and the ancients assembled together.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And they led Iesus away to the high Priest, and with him were assembled all the chiefe Priests, and the Elders, and the Scribes.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And they led Jeshu to Kaiapha, chief of the priests: and were gathered together to him all the chief priests and the scribes and the elders.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And they led away Jesus to Caiaphas the high priest. And with him were assembled all the chief priests and the Scribes and the Elders.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they led y520
[0520] Standard
ἀπάγω
apago
{ap-ag'-o}
From G0575 and G0071; to take off (in various senses).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
Jesus y2424
[2424] Standard
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
away 520
{0520} Prime
ἀπάγω
apago
{ap-ag'-o}
From G0575 and G0071; to take off (in various senses).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
x2424
(2424) Complement
Ἰησοῦς
Iesous
{ee-ay-sooce'}
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
to 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
high priest: 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
with him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
were assembled 4905
{4905} Prime
συνέρχομαι
sunerchomai
{soon-er'-khom-ahee}
From G4862 and G2064; to convene, depart in company with, associate with, or (specifically) cohabit (conjugally).
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
all 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
chief priests 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
elders 4245
{4245} Prime
πρεσβύτερος
presbuteros
{pres-boo'-ter-os}
Comparative of πρέσβυς [[presbus]] (elderly); older; as noun, a senior; specifically an Israelite Sanhedrist (also figuratively, member of the celestial council) or Christian 'presbyter'.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
scribes. 1122
{1122} Prime
γραμματεύς
grammateus
{gram-mat-yooce'}
From G1121; a writer, that is, (professionally) scribe or secretary.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 14:53

_ _ Mark 14:53-72. Jesus arraigned before the Sanhedrim, condemned to die, and shamefully entreated — The fall of Peter. ( = Matthew 26:57-75; Luke 22:54-71; John 18:13-18, John 18:24-27).

_ _ Had we only the first three Gospels, we should have concluded that our Lord was led immediately to Caiaphas, and had before the Council. But as the Sanhedrim could hardly have been brought together at the dead hour of night — by which time our Lord was in the hands of the officers sent to take Him — and as it was only “as soon as it was day” that the Council met (Luke 22:66), we should have had some difficulty in knowing what was done with Him during those intervening hours. In the Fourth Gospel, however, all this is cleared up, and a very important addition to our information is made (John 18:13, John 18:14, John 18:19-24). Let us endeavor to trace the events in the true order of succession, and in the detail supplied by a comparison of all the four streams of text.

_ _ Jesus is brought privately before Annas, the father-in-law of Caiaphas (John 18:13, John 18:14).
_ _ John 18:13 :
_ _ And they led Him away to Annas first; for he was father-in-law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year — This successful Annas, as Ellicott remarks, was appointed high priest by Quirinus, a.d. 12, and after holding the office for several years, was deposed by Valerius Gratius, Pilate’s predecessor in the procuratorship of Judea [Josephus, Antiquities, 18.2.1, etc.]. He appears, however, to have possessed vast influence, having obtained the high priesthood, not only for his son Eleazar, and his son-in-law Caiaphas, but subsequently for four other sons, under the last of whom James, the brother of our Lord, was put to death [Antiquities, 20.9.1]. It is thus highly probable that, besides having the title of “high priest” merely as one who had filled the office, he to a great degree retained the powers he had formerly exercised, and came to be regarded practically as a kind of rightful high priest.
_ _ John 18:14 :
_ _ Now Caiaphas was he which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people. See on John 11:51. What passed between Annas and our Lord during this interval the beloved disciple reserves till he has related the beginning of Peter’s fall. To this, then, as recorded by our own Evangelist, let us meanwhile listen.

_ _ Mark 14:53, Mark 14:54. Peter obtains access within the quadrangle of the High Priest’s residence, and warms himself at the fire.

_ _ And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were assembled — or rather, “there gathered together unto him.”

_ _ all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes — it was then a full and formal meeting of the Sanhedrim. Now, as the first three Evangelists place all Peter’s denials of his Lord after this, we should naturally conclude that they took place while our Lord stood before the Sanhedrim. But besides that the natural impression is that the scene around the fire took place overnight, the second crowing of the cock, if we are to credit ancient writers, would occur about the beginning of the fourth watch, or between three and four in the morning. By that time, however, the Council had probably convened, being warned, perhaps, that they were to prepare for being called at any hour of the morning, should the Prisoner be successfully secured. If this be correct, it is fairly certain that only the last of Peter’s three denials would take place while our Lord was under trial before the Sanhedrim. One thing more may require explanation. If our Lord had to be transferred from the residence of Annas to that of Caiaphas, one is apt to wonder that there is no mention of His being marched from the one to the other. But the building, in all likelihood, was one and the same; in which case He would merely have to be taken perhaps across the court, from one chamber to another.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Mark 14:53-65

_ _ We have here Christ's arraignment, trial, conviction, and condemnation, in the ecclesiastical court, before the great sanhedrim, of which the high priest was president, or judge of the court; the same Caiaphas that had lately adjudged it expedient he should be put to death, guilty or not guilty (John 11:50), and who therefore might justly be excepted against as partial.

_ _ I. Christ is hurried away to his house, his palace it is called, such state did he live in. And there, though, in the dead of the night, all the chief priests, and elders, and scribes, that were in the secret, were assembled, ready to receive the prey; so sure were they of it.

_ _ II. Peter followed at a distance, such a degree of cowardice was his late courage dwindled into, Mark 14:54. But when he came to the high priest's palace, he sneakingly went, and sat with the servants, that he might not be suspected to belong to Christ. The high priest's fire side was no proper place, nor his servants proper company, for Peter, but it was his entrance into a temptation.

_ _ III. Great diligence was used to procure, for love or money, false witnesses against Christ. They had seized him as a malefactor, and now they had him they had no indictment to prefer against him, no crime to lay to his charge, but they sought for witnesses against him; pumped some with ensnaring questions, offered bribes to others, if they would accuse him, and endeavored to frighten others, if they would not, Mark 14:55, Mark 14:56. The chief priests and elders were by the law entrusted with the prosecuting and punishing of false witnesses (Deuteronomy 19:16, Deuteronomy 19:17); yet those were now ringleaders in a crime that tends to overthrow of all justice. It is time to cry, Help, Lord, when the physicians of a land are its troublers, and those that should be the conservators of peace and equity, are the corrupters of both.

_ _ IV. He was at length charged with words spoken some years ago, which, as they were represented, seemed to threaten the temple, which they had made no better than an idol of (Mark 14:57, Mark 14:58); but the witnesses to this matter did not agree (Mark 14:59), for one swore that he said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days (so it is in Matthew); the other swore that he said, I will destroy this temple, that is made with hands, and within three days, I will build not it, but another made without hands; now these two differ much from each other; oude isn h marturiatheir testimony was not sufficient, nor equal to the charge of a capital crime; so Dr. Hammond: they did not accuse him of that upon which a sentence of death might be founded, no not by the utmost stretch of their law.

_ _ V. He was urged to be his own accuser (Mark 14:60); The high priest stood up in a heat, and said, Answerest thou nothing? This he said under pretence of justice and fair dealing, but really with a design to ensnare him, that they might accuse him, Luke 11:53, Luke 11:54; Luke 20:20. We may well imagine with what an air of haughtiness and disdain this proud high priest brought our Lord Jesus to this question; “Come you, the prisoner at the bar, you hear what is sworn against you; what have you now to say for yourself?” Pleased to think that he seemed silent, who had so often silenced those that picked quarrels with him. Still Christ answered nothing, that he might set us an example, 1. Of patience under calumnies and false accusations; when we are reviled, let us not revile again, 1 Peter 2:23. And, 2. Of prudence, when a man shall be made an offender for a word (Isaiah 29:21), and our defence made our offence; it is an evil time indeed when the prudent shall keep silence (lest they make bad worse), and commit their cause to him that judgeth righteously. But,

_ _ VI. When he was asked whether he was the Christ, he confessed, and denied not, that he was, Mark 14:61, Mark 14:62. He asked, Art thou the Son of the Blessed? that is the Son of God? for, as Dr. Hammond observes, the Jews, when they named God, generally added, blessed for ever; and thence the Blessed is the title of God, a peculiar title, and applied to Christ, Romans 9:5. And for the proof of his being the Son of God, he binds them over to his second coming; “Ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power; that Son of man that now appears so mean and despicable, whom ye see and trample upon (Isaiah 53:2, Isaiah 53:3), you shall shortly see and tremble before.” Now, one would think that such a word as this which our Lord Jesus seems to have spoken with a grandeur and majesty not agreeable to his present appearance (for through the thickest cloud of his humiliation some rays of glory were still darted forth), should have startled the court, and at least, in the opinion of some of them, should have amounted to a demurrer, or arrest of judgment, and that they should have stayed process till they had considered further of it; when Paul at the bar reasoned of the judgment to come, the judge trembled, and adjourned the trial, Acts 24:25. But these chief priests were so miserably blinded with malice and rage, that, like the horse rushing into the battle, they mocked at fear, and were not affrighted, neither believed they that it was the sound of the trumpet, Job 39:22, Job 39:24. And see Job 15:25, Job 15:26.

_ _ VII. The high priest, upon this confession of his, convicted him as a blasphemer (Mark 14:63); He rent his clotheschitnas autou. Some think the word signifies his pontifical vestments, which, for the greater state, he had put on, though in the night, upon this occasion. As before, in his enmity to Christ, he said he knew not what (John 11:51, John 11:52), so now he did he knew not what. If Saul's rending Samuel's mantle was made to signify the rending of the kingdom from him (1 Samuel 15:27, 1 Samuel 15:28), much more did Caiaphas's rending his own clothes signify the rending of the priesthood from him, as the rending of the veil, at Christ's death, signified the throwing of all open. Christ's clothes, even when he was crucified, were kept entire, and not rent: for when the Levitical priesthood was rent in pieces and done away, This Man, because he continues ever, has an unchangeable priesthood.

_ _ VIII. They agreed that he was a blasphemer, and, as such, was guilty of a capital crime, Mark 14:64. The question seemed to be put fairly, What think ye? But it was really prejudged, for the high priest had said, Ye have heard the blasphemy; he gave judgment first, who, as president of the court, ought to have voted last. So they all condemned him to be guilty of death; what friends he had in the great sanhedrim, did not appear, it is probable that they had not notice.

_ _ IX. They set themselves to abuse him, and, as the Philistines with Samson, to make sport with him, Mark 14:65. It should seem that some of the priests themselves that had condemned him, so far forgot the dignity, as well as duty, of their place, and the gravity which became them, that they helped their servants in playing the fool with a condemned prisoner. This they made their diversion, while they waited for the morning, to complete their villany. That night of observations (as the passover-night was called) they made a merry night of. If they did not think it below them to abuse Christ, shall we think any thing below us, by which we may do him honour?

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 14:53

And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him were (n) assembled all the chief priests and the elders and the scribes.

(n) The highest council was assembled because Christ was accused as a blasphemer and a false prophet: for as to the other crime of treason, it was forged against him by the priest in order to force Pilate to condemn him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
they led:

Isaiah 53:7 He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.
Matthew 26:57-68 And they that had laid hold on Jesus led [him] away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled. ... Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?
Luke 22:54-62 Then took they him, and led [him], and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off. ... And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.
John 18:13-14 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. ... Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
John 18:24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.

and with:

Mark 15:1 And straightway in the morning the chief priests held a consultation with the elders and scribes and the whole council, and bound Jesus, and carried [him] away, and delivered [him] to Pilate.
Matthew 26:3 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,
Acts 4:5-6 And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, ... And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.
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Is 53:7. Mt 26:3, 57. Mk 15:1. Lk 22:54. Jn 18:13, 24. Ac 4:5.

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