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Mark 12:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— they that devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers; these shall receive greater condemnation.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— who devour widows’ houses, and for appearance’s sake offer long prayers; these will receive greater condemnation.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— who devour the houses of widows, and as a pretext make long prayers. These shall receive a severer judgment.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who devour widows' houses, and, for a pretence, are long in prayer: these, shall receive a more surpassing judgment.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— who are devouring the widows' houses, and for a pretence are making long prayers; these shall receive more abundant judgment.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who devour the houses of widows under the pretence of long prayer. These shall receive greater judgment.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Which deuoure widowes houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: These shall receiue greater damnation.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— they who devour the houses of widows, and for the occasion prolong their prayers: they shall receive the greater judgment.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— They devour the houses of widows, under pretence that they prolong their prayers. These shall receive a greater condemnation.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Which devour 2719
{2719} Prime
κατεσθίω
katesthio
{kat-es-thee'-o}
From G2596 and G2068 (including its alternate); to eat down, that is, devour (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
widows' 5503
{5503} Prime
χήρα
chera
{khay'-rah}
Feminine of a presumed derivation apparently from the base of G5490 through the idea of deficiency; a widow (as lacking a husband), literally or figuratively.
houses, 3614
{3614} Prime
οἰκία
oikia
{oy-kee'-ah}
From G3624; properly residence (abstractly), but usually (concretely) an abode (literally or figuratively); by implication a family (especially domestics).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
for a pretence 4392
{4392} Prime
πρόφασις
prophasis
{prof'-as-is}
From a compound of G4253 and G5316; an outward showing, that is, pretext.
make y4336
[4336] Standard
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
long y3117
[3117] Standard
μακρός
makros
{mak-ros'}
From G3372; long (in place [distant] or time [neuter plural]).
prayers: 4336
{4336} Prime
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
x3117
(3117) Complement
μακρός
makros
{mak-ros'}
From G3372; long (in place [distant] or time [neuter plural]).
these 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
shall receive 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
greater 4055
{4055} Prime
περισσότερος
perissoteros
{per-is-sot'-er-os}
Comparative of G4053; more superabundant (in number, degree or character).
damnation. 2917
{2917} Prime
κρίμα
krima
{kree'-mah}
From G2919; a decision (the function or the effect, for or against ['crime']).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 12:40

_ _ Which devour widows’ houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation — They took advantage of their helpless condition and confiding character to obtain possession of their property, while by their “long prayers” they made them believe they were raised far above “filthy lucre.” So much the “greater damnation” awaited them. (Compare Matthew 23:33). A lifelike description this of the Romish clergy, the true successors of “the scribes.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 12:35-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
devour:

Ezekiel 22:25 [There is] a conspiracy of her prophets in the midst thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls; they have taken the treasure and precious things; they have made her many widows in the midst thereof.
Micah 2:2 And they covet fields, and take [them] by violence; and houses, and take [them] away: so they oppress a man and his house, even a man and his heritage.
Micah 3:1-4 And I said, Hear, I pray you, O heads of Jacob, and ye princes of the house of Israel; [Is it] not for you to know judgment? ... Then shall they cry unto the LORD, but he will not hear them: he will even hide his face from them at that time, as they have behaved themselves ill in their doings.
Matthew 23:14 Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayer: therefore ye shall receive the greater damnation.
Luke 20:47 Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.
2 Timothy 3:6 For of this sort are they which creep into houses, and lead captive silly women laden with sins, led away with divers lusts,

long:

Matthew 6:7 But when ye pray, use not vain repetitions, as the heathen [do]: for they think that they shall be heard for their much speaking.
Matthew 11:22-24 But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you. ... But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee.
Matthew 23:33 [Ye] serpents, [ye] generation of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?
Luke 12:47-48 And that servant, which knew his lord's will, and prepared not [himself], neither did according to his will, shall be beaten with many [stripes]. ... But he that knew not, and did commit things worthy of stripes, shall be beaten with few [stripes]. For unto whomsoever much is given, of him shall be much required: and to whom men have committed much, of him they will ask the more.
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Ezk 22:25. Mi 2:2; 3:1. Mt 6:7; 11:22; 23:14, 33. Lk 12:47; 20:47. 2Ti 3:6.

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