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Mark 12:38 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And in his teaching he said, Beware of the scribes, who desire to walk in long robes, and [to have] salutations in the marketplaces,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and [love] salutations in the marketplaces,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— In His teaching He was saying: “Beware of the scribes who like to walk around in long robes, and [like] respectful greetings in the market places,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said to them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, who love to go in long clothing, and [love] salutations in the market-places,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said to them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, who like to walk about in long robes, and salutations in the marketplaces,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, in his teaching, he was saying—Beware of the Scribes, who desire, in robes, to be walking about, and salutations in the markets,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he was saying to them in his teaching, 'Beware of the scribes, who will in long robes to walk, and love salutations in the market-places,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said to them in his doctrine: Beware of the scribes, who love to walk in long robes and to be saluted in the marketplace,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said vnto them in his doctrine, Beware of the Scribes, which loue to goe in long clothing, and [loue] salutations in the market places,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And in his doctrine he said to them, Beware of the Sophree, who will to walk in long robes, and love the shaloma in public places,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he said to them in his teaching: Beware of the Scribes, who choose to walk in long robes, and love the salutation in the streets,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he said 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
unto them 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
his y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
x848
(0848) Complement
αὑτοῦ
hautou
{how-too'}
Contraction for G1438; self (in some oblique case or reflexive relation).
doctrine, 1322
{1322} Prime
διδαχή
didache
{did-akh-ay'}
From G1321; instruction (the act or the matter).
Beware 991
{0991} Prime
βλέπω
blepo
{blep'-o}
A primary verb; to look at (literally or figuratively).
z5720
<5720> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 592
of 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
scribes, 1122
{1122} Prime
γραμματεύς
grammateus
{gram-mat-yooce'}
From G1121; a writer, that is, (professionally) scribe or secretary.
which y3588
[3588] Standard

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
love 2309
{2309} Prime
θέλω
thelo
{thel'-o}
In certain tenses θελέω [[theleo]], {thel-eh'-o}; and ἐθέλέω [[etheleo]], {eth-el-eh'-o}, which are otherwise obsolete; apparently strengthened from the alternate form of G0138; to determine (as an active voice option from subjective impulse; whereas G1014 properly denotes rather a passive voice acquiescence in objective considerations), that is, choose or prefer (literally or figuratively); by implication to wish, that is, be inclined to (sometimes adverbially gladly); impersonally for the future tense, to be about to; by Hebraism to delight in.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
to go 4043
{4043} Prime
περιπατέω
peripateo
{per-ee-pat-eh'-o}
From G4012 and G3961; to tread all around, that is, walk at large (especially as proof of ability); figuratively to live, deport oneself, follow (as a companion or votary).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
long clothing, 4749
{4749} Prime
στολή
stole
{stol-ay'}
From G4724; equipment, that is, (specifically) a 'stole' or long fitting gown (as a mark of dignity).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
[love] salutations 783
{0783} Prime
ἀσπασμός
aspasmos
{as-pas-mos'}
From G0782; a greeting (in person or by letter).
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
marketplaces, 58
{0058} Prime
ἀγορά
agora
{ag-or-ah'}
From ἀγείρω [[ageiro]] (to gather; probably akin to G1453); properly the town square (as a place of public resort); by implication a market or thoroughfare.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 12:38

_ _ Mark 12:38-40. The Scribes denounced.

_ _ And he said unto them in his doctrine — rather, “in His teaching”; implying that this was but a specimen of an extended discourse, which Matthew gives in full (Matthew 23:1-39). Luke says (Luke 20:45) this was “in the audience of all the people said unto His disciples.”

_ _ Beware of the scribes, which love — or like.

_ _ to go in long clothing — (see on Matthew 23:5).

_ _ and love salutations in the market-places,

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 12:35-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 12:38

Beware of the scribes — There was an absolute necessity for these repeated cautions. For, considering their inveterate prejudices against Christ, it could never be supposed the common people would receive the Gospel till these incorrigible blasphemers of it were brought to just disgrace. Yet he delayed speaking in this manner till a little before his passion, as knowing what effect it would quickly produce. Nor is this any precedent for us: we are not invested with the same authority. Matthew 23:5; Luke 20:46.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 12:38

(6) And he said unto them in (g) his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in (h) long clothing, and [love] salutations in the marketplaces,

(6) The manners of ministers are not to be followed rashly as an example.

(g) While he taught them.

(h) The word is a "stole", which is a kind of woman's garment that goes down even to the heels, and is taken generally to refer to any pleasant looking garment, but in this place it seems to signify the fringed garment mentioned in (Deuteronomy 22:12).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
said:

Mark 4:2 And he taught them many things by parables, and said unto them in his doctrine,

Beware:

Matthew 10:17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues;
Matthew 23:1-7 Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to his disciples, ... And greetings in the markets, and to be called of men, Rabbi, Rabbi.
Luke 20:45-47 Then in the audience of all the people he said unto his disciples, ... Which devour widows' houses, and for a shew make long prayers: the same shall receive greater damnation.

which:

Matthew 6:5 And when thou prayest, thou shalt not be as the hypocrites [are]: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
Luke 11:43 Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and greetings in the markets.
Luke 14:7-11 And he put forth a parable to those which were bidden, when he marked how they chose out the chief rooms; saying unto them, ... For whosoever exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
3 John 1:9 I wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not.
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Mt 6:5; 10:17; 23:1. Mk 4:2. Lk 11:43; 14:7; 20:45. 3Jn 1:9.

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