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Mark 12:37 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— David himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he his son? And the common people heard him gladly.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he [then] his son? And the common people heard him gladly.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “David himself calls Him ‘Lord’; so in what sense is He his son?” And the large crowd enjoyed listening to Him.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— David therefore himself calleth him Lord, and whence is he [then] his son? and the common people heard him gladly.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— David himself [therefore] calls him Lord, and whence is he his son? And the mass of the people heard him gladly.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— David himself, calleth him, Lord: whence, then, is he, his own son? And, the great multitude, was hearing him gladly.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— therefore David himself saith of him Lord, and whence is he his son?' And the great multitude were hearing him gladly,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— David therefore himself calleth him Lord. And whence is he then his son? And a great multitude heard him gladly.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Dauid therefore himselfe calleth him Lord, and whence is hee then his sonne? And the common people heard him gladly.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— David therefore himself calleth him My Lord; and how is he then his son? And all the multitude heard him gladly.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— David therefore calleth him "My Lord;" and how is he his son? And all the multitude heard him with pleasure.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
David 1138
{1138} Prime
Δαβίδ
Dabid
{dab-eed'}
Of Hebrew origin [H1732]; Dabid (that is, David), the Israelite king.
therefore 3767
{3767} Prime
οὖν
oun
{oon}
Apparently a primary word; (adverbially) certainly, or (conjugationally) accordingly.
himself 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
calleth 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Lord; 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
whence 4159
{4159} Prime
πόθεν
pothen
{poth'-en}
From the base of G4213 with enclitic adverb of origin; from which (as interrogitive) or what (as relative) place, state, source or cause.
is x2076
(2076) Complement
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
he y2076
[2076] Standard
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
[then] his 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
son? 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
common 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
people 3793
{3793} Prime
ὄχλος
ochlos
{okh'-los}
From a derivative of G2192 (meaning a vehicle); a throng (as borne along); by implication the rabble; by extension a class of people; figuratively a riot.
heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
him 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
gladly. 2234
{2234} Prime
ἡδέως
hedeos
{hay-deh'-oce}
Adverb from a derivative of the base of G2237; sweetly, that is, (figuratively) with pleasure.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 12:37

_ _ David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? — There is but one solution of this difficulty. Messiah is at once inferior to David as his son according to the flesh, and superior to him as the Lord of a kingdom of which David is himself a subject, not the sovereign. The human and divine natures of Christ, and the spirituality of His kingdom — of which the highest earthly sovereigns are honored if they be counted worthy to be its subjects — furnish the only key to this puzzle.

_ _ And the common people — the immense crowd.

_ _ heard him gladly — “And no man was able to answer Him a word; neither durst any man from that day forth ask Him any more questions” (Matthew 22:46).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 12:35-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and whence:

Matthew 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us.
Romans 1:3-4 Concerning his Son Jesus Christ our Lord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; ... And declared [to be] the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead:
Romans 9:5 Whose [are] the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ [came], who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.

And the:

Matthew 11:5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them.
Matthew 11:25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes.
Matthew 21:46 But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.
Luke 19:48 And could not find what they might do: for all the people were very attentive to hear him.
Luke 21:38 And all the people came early in the morning to him in the temple, for to hear him.
John 7:46-49 The officers answered, Never man spake like this man. ... But this people who knoweth not the law are cursed.
James 2:5 Hearken, my beloved brethren, Hath not God chosen the poor of this world rich in faith, and heirs of the kingdom which he hath promised to them that love him?
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Mt 1:23; 11:5, 25; 21:46. Lk 19:48; 21:38. Jn 7:46. Ro 1:3; 9:5. 1Ti 3:16. Jm 2:5. Rv 22:16.

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