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Mark 12:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The second is this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the second [is] like, [namely] this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The second is this, ‘YOU SHALL LOVE YOUR NEIGHBOR AS YOURSELF.’ There is no other commandment greater than these.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the second [is] like, [namely] this, Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thyself: there is no other commandment greater than these.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And a second like it [is] this: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is not another commandment greater than these.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The second, is, this—Thou shalt love, thy neighbour, as thyself. Greater than these, other commandment, is there none.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and the second [is] like [it], this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself;—greater than these there is no other command.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the second is like to it: Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the second is like, [namely] this, Thou shalt loue thy neighbour as thy selfe: there is none other commandement greater then these.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the second, which is like it, (is) that thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. Another commandment greater than these there is not.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the second, which is like it, [is]: Thou shalt love thy neighbor, as thyself. There is no other commandment greater than these.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the second 1208
{1208} Prime
δεύτερος
deuteros
{dyoo'-ter-os}
As the compound of G1417; (ordinal) second (in time, place or rank; also adverbially).
[is] like, 3664
{3664} Prime
ὅμοιος
homoios
{hom'-oy-os}
From the base of G3674; similar (in appearance or character).
[namely] this, 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
z5625
<5625> Grammar
Synonym Strong's Number

The Greek word has more than one possible Strong's number.
y846
[0846] Standard
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Thou shalt love 25
{0025} Prime
ἀγαπάω
agapao
{ag-ap-ah'-o}
Perhaps from ἄγαν [[agan]] (much; or compare [H5689]); to love (in a social or moral sense).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
thy 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
neighbour 4139
{4139} Prime
πλησίον
plesion
{play-see'-on}
Neuter of a derivative of πέλας [[pelas]] (near); (adverb) close by; as noun, a neighbor, that is, fellow (as man, countryman, Christian or friend).
as 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
thyself. 4572
{4572} Prime
σεαυτοῦ
seautou
{seh-ow-too'}
The genitive case from G4571 and G0846, with the dative and accusative of the same with contractions, respectively, of (with, to) thyself.
There is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
none 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
other 243
{0243} Prime
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
commandment 1785
{1785} Prime
ἐντολή
entole
{en-tol-ay'}
From G1781; injunction, that is, an authoritative prescription.
greater 3187
{3187} Prime
μείζων
meizon
{mide'-zone}
Irregular comparative of G3173; larger (literally or figuratively, specifically in age).
than these. 5130
{5130} Prime
τούτων
touton
{too'-tone}
Genitive plural masculine or neuter of G3778; of (from or concerning) these (persons or things).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 12:31

_ _ And the second is like — “unto it” (Matthew 22:39); as demanding the same affection, and only the extension of it, in its proper measure, to the creatures of Him whom we thus love — our brethren in the participation of the same nature, and neighbors, as connected with us by ties that render each dependent upon and necessary to the other.

_ _ Thou shall love thy neighbour as thyself — Now, as we are not to love ourselves supremely, this is virtually a command, in the first place, not to love our neighbor with all our heart and soul and mind and strength. And thus it is a condemnation of the idolatry of the creature. Our supreme and uttermost affection is to be reserved for God. But as sincerely as ourselves we are to love all mankind, and with the same readiness to do and suffer for them as we should reasonably desire them to show to us. The golden rule (Matthew 7:12) is here our best interpreter of the nature and extent of these claims.

_ _ There is none other commandment greater than these — or, as in Matthew 22:40, “On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets” (see on Matthew 5:17). It is as if He had said, “This is all Scripture in a nutshell; the whole law of human duty in a portable, pocket form.” Indeed, it is so simple that a child may understand it, so brief that all may remember it, so comprehensive as to embrace all possible cases. And from its very nature it is unchangeable. It is inconceivable that God should require from his rational creatures anything less, or in substance anything else, under any dispensation, in any world, at any period throughout eternal duration. He cannot but claim this — all this — alike in heaven, in earth, and in hell! And this incomparable summary of the divine law belonged to the Jewish religion! As it shines in its own self-evidencing splendor, so it reveals its own true source. The religion from which the world has received it could be none other than a God-given religion!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 12:28-34.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 12:31

The second is like unto it — Of a like comprehensive nature: comprising our whole duty to man. There is no other moral, much less ceremonial commandment, greater than these. Leviticus 19:18.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Thou:

Leviticus 19:13 Thou shalt not defraud thy neighbour, neither rob [him]: the wages of him that is hired shall not abide with thee all night until the morning.
Matthew 7:12 Therefore all things whatsoever ye would that men should do to you, do ye even so to them: for this is the law and the prophets.
Matthew 19:18-19 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, ... Honour thy father and [thy] mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Matthew 22:39 And the second [is] like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
Luke 10:27 And he answering said, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy strength, and with all thy mind; and thy neighbour as thyself.
Luke 10:36-37 Which now of these three, thinkest thou, was neighbour unto him that fell among the thieves? ... And he said, He that shewed mercy on him. Then said Jesus unto him, Go, and do thou likewise.
Romans 13:8-9 Owe no man any thing, but to love one another: for he that loveth another hath fulfilled the law. ... For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if [there be] any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
1 Corinthians 13:4-8 Charity suffereth long, [and] is kind; charity envieth not; charity vaunteth not itself, is not puffed up, ... Charity never faileth: but whether [there be] prophecies, they shall fail; whether [there be] tongues, they shall cease; whether [there be] knowledge, it shall vanish away.
Galatians 5:14 For all the law is fulfilled in one word, [even] in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.
James 2:8-13 If ye fulfil the royal law according to the scripture, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself, ye do well: ... For he shall have judgment without mercy, that hath shewed no mercy; and mercy rejoiceth against judgment.
1 John 3:17-19 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels [of compassion] from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him? ... And hereby we know that we are of the truth, and shall assure our hearts before him.
1 John 4:7-8 Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God. ... He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.
1 John 4:21 And this commandment have we from him, That he who loveth God love his brother also.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:13. Mt 7:12; 19:18; 22:39. Lk 10:27, 36. Ro 13:8. 1Co 13:4. Ga 5:14. Jm 2:8. 1Jn 3:17; 4:7, 21.

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