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Mark 12:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “There were seven brothers; and the first took a wife, and died leaving no children.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now there were seven brothers: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— There were seven brethren; and the first took a wife, and dying did not leave seed;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Seven brethren, there were: and, the first, took a wife, and, dying, left no seed,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'There were then seven brothers, and the first took a wife, and dying, he left no seed;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife and died leaving no issue.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now there were seuen brethren: and the first tooke a wife, and dying left no seede.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Seven brethren there were. The first took a wife, and died, and left not seed.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— There were seven brothers: and the first took a wife, and died, and left no seed.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now there were 2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
seven 2033
{2033} Prime
ἑπτά
hepta
{hep-tah'}
A primary number; seven.
brethren: 80
{0080} Prime
ἀδελφός
adelphos
{ad-el-fos'}
From G0001 (as a connective particle) and δελφύς [[delphus]] (the womb); a brother (literally or figuratively) near or remote (much like [H0001]).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
took 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
a wife, 1135
{1135} Prime
γυνή
gune
{goo-nay'}
Probably from the base of G1096; a woman; specifically a wife.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
dying 599
{0599} Prime
ἀποθνῄσκω
apothnesko
{ap-oth-nace'-ko}
From G0575 and G2348; to die off (literally or figuratively).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
left 863
{0863} Prime
ἀφίημι
aphiemi
{af-ee'-ay-mee}
From G0575 and ἵημι [[hiemi]] (to send; an intensive form of εἶμι [[eimi]] (to go)); to send forth, in various applications.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
no 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
seed. 4690
{4690} Prime
σπέρμα
sperma
{sper'-mah}
From G4687; somethng sown, that is, seed (including the male 'sperm'); by implication offspring; specifically a remnant (figuratively as if kept over for planting).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Mark 12:19-22.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 12:18-27.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 22:25-28 Now there were with us seven brethren: and the first, when he had married a wife, deceased, and, having no issue, left his wife unto his brother: ... Therefore in the resurrection whose wife shall she be of the seven? for they all had her.
Luke 20:29-33 There were therefore seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and died without children. ... Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them is she? for seven had her to wife.
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Mt 22:25. Lk 20:29.

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