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Mark 11:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And as they passed by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered away from the roots.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— As they were passing by in the morning, they saw the fig tree withered from the roots [up].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig-tree dried up from the roots.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And passing by early in the morning they saw the fig-tree dried up from the roots.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, passing by early, they saw the fig-tree, withered from its roots;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And in the morning, passing by, they saw the fig-tree having been dried up from the roots,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when they passed by in the morning they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried vp from the roots.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And in the morning, while they passed by, they saw that fig-tree that it was dry from its root.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig-tree dried up, as it were, from its root.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in the morning, 4404
{4404} Prime
πρωΐ
proi
{pro-ee'}
Adverb from G4253; at dawn; by implication the day break watch.
as they passed by, 3899
{3899} Prime
παραπορεύομαι
paraporeuomai
{par-ap-or-yoo'-om-ahee}
From G3844 and G4198; to travel near.
z5740
<5740> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 544
they saw 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
fig tree 4808
{4808} Prime
συκῆ
suke
{soo-kay'}
From G4810; a fig tree.
dried up 3583
{3583} Prime
ξηραίνω
xeraino
{xay-rah'-ee-no}
From G3584; to desiccate; by implication to shrivel, to mature.
z5772
<5772> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 463
from 1537
{1537} Prime
ἐκ
ek
{ek}
A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote).
the roots. 4491
{4491} Prime
ῥίζα
rhiza
{hrid'-zah}
Apparently a primary word; a 'root' (literally or figuratively).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Mark 11:20

_ _ Mark 11:20-26. Lessons from the cursing of the fig tree.

_ _ And in the morning — of Tuesday, the third day of the week: He had slept, as during all this week, at Bethany.

_ _ as they passed by — going into Jerusalem again.

_ _ they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots — no partial blight, leaving life in the root; but it was now dead, root and branch. In Matthew 21:19 it is said it withered away as soon as it was cursed. But the full blight had not appeared probably at once; and in the dusk perhaps, as they returned to Bethany, they had not observed it. The precision with which Mark distinguishes the days is not observed by Matthew, intent only on holding up the truths which the incident was designed to teach. In Matthew the whole is represented as taking place at once, just as the two stages of Jairus’ daughter — dying and dead — are represented by him as one. The only difference is between a more summary and a more detailed narrative, each of which only confirms the other.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 11:12-26.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Mark 11:20

Matthew 21:20.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Mark 11:20

(4) And in the morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.

(4) The power of faith is exceedingly great, and charity is always joined with it.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Mark 11:14 And Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever. And his disciples heard [it].
Job 18:16-17 His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off. ... His remembrance shall perish from the earth, and he shall have no name in the street.
Job 20:5-7 That the triumphing of the wicked [is] short, and the joy of the hypocrite [but] for a moment? ... [Yet] he shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where [is] he?
Isaiah 5:4 What could have been done more to my vineyard, that I have not done in it? wherefore, when I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it forth wild grapes?
Isaiah 40:24 Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be sown: yea, their stock shall not take root in the earth: and he shall also blow upon them, and they shall wither, and the whirlwind shall take them away as stubble.
Matthew 13:6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away.
Matthew 15:13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up.
Matthew 21:19-20 And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away. ... And when the disciples saw [it], they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away!
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
Hebrews 6:8 But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
Jude 1:12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;

they saw:
Matthew informs us that this tree grew by the way-side, and was therefore not private, but public property; so that the destruction of it really injured no one. Our Lord was pleased to make use of this miracle to prefigure the speedy ruin of the Jewish nation, on account of its unfruitfulness under greater advantages than any other people enjoyed at that day; and, like all the rest of his miracles, it was done with a gracious intention, to alarm his countrymen, and induce them to repent.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 18:16; 20:5. Is 5:4; 40:24. Mt 13:6; 15:13; 21:19. Mk 11:14. Jn 15:6. He 6:8. Jde 1:12.

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