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Mark 10:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last first.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last first.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But many [who are] first will be last, and the last, first.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last first.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But many first shall be last, and the last first.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, many, shall be—first-last, and [the] Last-first.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and many first shall be last, and the last first.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But many that are first shall be last: and the last, first.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But many [that] are first, shall be last: and the last, first.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But many (are) first who will be last, and last (who will be) first.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But many are first, who will be last; and last, [who will be] first.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
many 4183
{4183} Prime
πολύς
polus
{pol-oos'}
Including the forms from the alternate 'pollos'; (singular) much (in any respect) or (plural) many; neuter (singular) as adverb largely; neuter (plural) as adverb or noun often, mostly, largely.
[that are] first 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
shall be 2071
{2071} Prime
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
last; 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
last 2078
{2078} Prime
ἔσχατος
eschatos
{es'-khat-os}
A superlative probably from G2192 (in the sense of contiguity); farthest, final (of place or time).
first. 4413
{4413} Prime
πρῶτος
protos
{pro'-tos}
Contracted superlative of G4253; foremost (in time, place, order or importance).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Mark 10:17-31.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Mark 10:17-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Matthew 8:11-12 And I say unto you, That many shall come from the east and west, and shall sit down with Abraham, and Isaac, and Jacob, in the kingdom of heaven. ... But the children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
Matthew 19:30 But many [that are] first shall be last; and the last [shall be] first.
Matthew 20:16 So the last shall be first, and the first last: for many be called, but few chosen.
Matthew 21:31 Whether of them twain did the will of [his] father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.
Luke 7:29-30 And all the people that heard [him], and the publicans, justified God, being baptized with the baptism of John. ... But the Pharisees and lawyers rejected the counsel of God against themselves, being not baptized of him.
Luke 7:40-47 And Jesus answering said unto him, Simon, I have somewhat to say unto thee. And he saith, Master, say on. ... Wherefore I say unto thee, Her sins, which are many, are forgiven; for she loved much: but to whom little is forgiven, [the same] loveth little.
Luke 13:30 And, behold, there are last which shall be first, and there are first which shall be last.
Luke 18:11-14 The Pharisee stood and prayed thus with himself, God, I thank thee, that I am not as other men [are], extortioners, unjust, adulterers, or even as this publican. ... I tell you, this man went down to his house justified [rather] than the other: for every one that exalteth himself shall be abased; and he that humbleth himself shall be exalted.
Acts 13:46-48 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles. ... And when the Gentiles heard this, they were glad, and glorified the word of the Lord: and as many as were ordained to eternal life believed.
Romans 9:30-33 What shall we say then? That the Gentiles, which followed not after righteousness, have attained to righteousness, even the righteousness which is of faith. ... As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.
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Mt 8:11; 19:30; 20:16; 21:31. Lk 7:29, 40; 13:30; 18:11. Ac 13:46. Ro 9:30.

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