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Malachi 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But unto you that fear my name shall the sun of righteousness arise with healing in its wings; and ye shall go forth, and gambol as calves of the stall.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But for you who fear My name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings; and you will go forth and skip about like calves from the stall.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But to you that fear my name, shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth and leap like fatted calves.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So shall the sun of righteousness, arise to you who revere my Name, with healing in his wings,—and ye shall come forth and leap for joy like calves let loose from the stall;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And risen to you, ye who fear My name, Hath the sun of righteousness—and healing in its wings, And ye have gone forth, and have increased as calves of a stall.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But unto you that fear my name, the Sun of justice shall arise, and health in his wings: and you shall go forth, and shall leap like calves of the herd.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But vnto you that feare my Name, shall the Sunne of righteousnesse arise with healing in his wings, and shall goe foorth and grow vp as calues of the staule.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But to you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise, and healing [shall be] in his wings: and ye shall go forth, and bound as young calves let loose from bonds.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But unto you that fear 3373
{3373} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
From H3372; fearing; morally reverent.
my name 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
shall the Sun 8121
{8121} Prime
שֶׁמֶשׁ
shemesh
{sheh'-mesh}
From an unused root meaning to be brilliant; the sun; by implication the east; figuratively a ray, that is, (architecturally) a notched battlement.
of righteousness 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
arise 2224
{2224} Prime
זָרַח
zarach
{zaw-rakh'}
A primitive root; properly to irradiate (or shoot forth beams), that is, to rise (as the sun); specifically to appear (as a symptom of leprosy).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
with healing 4832
{4832} Prime
מַרְפֵּא
marpe'
{mar-pay'}
From H7495; properly curative, that is, literally (concretely) a medicine, or (abstractly) a cure; figuratively (concretely) deliverance, or (abstractly) placidity.
in his wings; 3671
{3671} Prime
כָּנָף
kanaph
{kaw-nawf'}
From H3670; an edge or extremity; specifically (of a bird or army) a wing, (of a garment or bed clothing) a flap, (of the earth) a quarter, (of a building) a pinnacle.
and ye shall go forth, 3318
{3318} Prime
יָצָא
yatsa'
{yaw-tsaw'}
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and grow up 6335
{6335} Prime
פּוּשׁ
puwsh
{poosh}
A primitive root; to spread; figuratively act proudly.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
as calves 5695
{5695} Prime
עֵגֶל
`egel
{ay'-ghel}
From the same as H5696; a (male) calf (as frisking round), especially one nearly grown (that is, a steer).
of the stall. 4770
{4770} Prime
מַרְבֵּק
marbeq
{mar-bake'}
From an unused root meaning to tie up; a stall (for cattle).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Malachi 4:2

_ _ The effect of the judgment on the righteous, as contrasted with its effect on the wicked (Malachi 4:1). To the wicked it shall be as an oven that consumes the stubble (Matthew 6:30); to the righteous it shall be the advent of the gladdening Sun, not of condemnation, but “of righteousness”; not destroying, but “healing” (Jeremiah 23:6).

_ _ you that fear my name — The same as those in Malachi 3:16, who confessed God amidst abounding blasphemy (Isaiah 66:5; Matthew 10:32). The spiritual blessings brought by Him are summed up in the two, “righteousness” (1 Corinthians 1:30) and spiritual “healing” (Psalms 103:3; Isaiah 57:19). Those who walk in the dark now may take comfort in the certainty that they shall walk hereafter in eternal light (Isaiah 50:10).

_ _ in his wings — implying the winged swiftness with which He shall appear (compare “suddenly,” Malachi 3:1) for the relief of His people. The beams of the Sun are His “wings.” Compare “wings of the morning,” Psalms 139:9. The “Sun” gladdening the righteous is suggested by the previous “day” of terror consuming the wicked. Compare as to Christ, 2 Samuel 23:4; Psalms 84:11; Luke 1:78; John 1:9; John 8:12; Ephesians 5:14; and in His second coming, 2 Peter 1:19. The Church is the moon reflecting His light (Revelation 12:1). The righteous shall by His righteousness “shine as the Sun in the kingdom of the Father” (Matthew 13:43).

_ _ ye shall go forth — from the straits in which you were, as it were, held captive. An earnest of this was given in the escape of the Christians to Pella before the destruction of Jerusalem.

_ _ grow up — rather, “leap” as frisking calves [Calvin]; literally, “spread,” “take a wide range.”

_ _ as calves of the stall — which when set free from the stall disport with joy (Acts 8:8; Acts 13:52; Acts 20:24; Romans 14:17; Galatians 5:22; Philippians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:8). Especially the godly shall rejoice at their final deliverance at Christ’s second coming (Isaiah 61:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 4:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Malachi 4:2

The sun of righteousness — Christ, who is fitly compared to the sun, being the fountain of light, and vital heat to his church. And of mercy and benignity; for the Hebrew word imports both. With healing — His beams shall bring health and strength, with delight and joy, safety and security. Go forth — Go out of Jerusalem, before the fatal siege. Grow up — In strength, vigour and spiritual stature. Of the stall — Where they are safe guarded and well ordered.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Malachi 4:2

But unto you that fear my name shall the (b) Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go (c) forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.

(b) Meaning, Christ, who with his wings or beams of his grace would enlighten and comfort his Church; (Ephesians 5:14). And he is called the "Sun of righteousness", because in himself he has all perfection, and also the justice of the Father dwells in him: by which he regenerates us to righteousness, cleanses us from the filth of this world, and reforms us to the image of God.

(c) You will be set at liberty, and increase in the joy of the Spirit; (2 Corinthians 3:17).

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that fear:

Malachi 3:16 Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.
Psalms 85:9 Surely his salvation [is] nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land.
Isaiah 50:10 Who [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
Isaiah 66:1-2 Thus saith the LORD, The heaven [is] my throne, and the earth [is] my footstool: where [is] the house that ye build unto me? and where [is] the place of my rest? ... For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Luke 1:50 And his mercy [is] on them that fear him from generation to generation.
Acts 13:26 Men [and] brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent.
Revelation 11:18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.

the Sun:

2 Samuel 23:4 And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
Psalms 67:1 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song.]] God be merciful unto us, and bless us; [and] cause his face to shine upon us; Selah.
Psalms 84:11 For the LORD God [is] a sun and shield: the LORD will give grace and glory: no good [thing] will he withhold from them that walk uprightly.
Proverbs 4:18 But the path of the just [is] as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.
Isaiah 9:2 The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined.
Isaiah 30:26 Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD bindeth up the breach of his people, and healeth the stroke of their wound.
Isaiah 49:6 And he said, It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles, that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth.
Isaiah 60:1-3 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee. ... And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
Isaiah 60:19-20 The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory. ... Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
Hosea 6:3 Then shall we know, [if] we follow on to know the LORD: his going forth is prepared as the morning; and he shall come unto us as the rain, as the latter [and] former rain unto the earth.
Matthew 4:15-16 The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, [by] the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; ... The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up.
Luke 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,
Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
John 1:4 In him was life; and the life was the light of men.
John 1:8 He was not that Light, but [was sent] to bear witness of that Light.
John 1:14 And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life.
John 9:4 I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.
John 12:35-36 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the light, lest darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth. ... While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.
John 12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart; that they should not see with [their] eyes, nor understand with [their] heart, and be converted, and I should heal them.
Acts 13:47 For so hath the Lord commanded us, [saying], I have set thee to be a light of the Gentiles, that thou shouldest be for salvation unto the ends of the earth.
Acts 26:18 To open their eyes, [and] to turn [them] from darkness to light, and [from] the power of Satan unto God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins, and inheritance among them which are sanctified by faith that is in me.
Ephesians 5:8-14 For ye were sometimes darkness, but now [are ye] light in the Lord: walk as children of light: ... Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
2 Peter 1:19 We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:
1 John 2:8 Again, a new commandment I write unto you, which thing is true in him and in you: because the darkness is past, and the true light now shineth.
Revelation 2:28 And I will give him the morning star.
Revelation 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, [and] the bright and morning star.

healing:

Psalms 103:3 Who forgiveth all thine iniquities; who healeth all thy diseases;
Psalms 147:3 He healeth the broken in heart, and bindeth up their wounds.
Isaiah 53:5 But he [was] wounded for our transgressions, [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.
Isaiah 57:18-19 I have seen his ways, and will heal him: I will lead him also, and restore comforts unto him and to his mourners. ... I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to [him that is] far off, and to [him that is] near, saith the LORD; and I will heal him.
Jeremiah 17:14 Heal me, O LORD, and I shall be healed; save me, and I shall be saved: for thou [art] my praise.
Jeremiah 33:6 Behold, I will bring it health and cure, and I will cure them, and will reveal unto them the abundance of peace and truth.
Ezekiel 47:12 And by the river upon the bank thereof, on this side and on that side, shall grow all trees for meat, whose leaf shall not fade, neither shall the fruit thereof be consumed: it shall bring forth new fruit according to his months, because their waters they issued out of the sanctuary: and the fruit thereof shall be for meat, and the leaf thereof for medicine.
Hosea 6:1 Come, and let us return unto the LORD: for he hath torn, and he will heal us; he hath smitten, and he will bind us up.
Hosea 14:4 I will heal their backsliding, I will love them freely: for mine anger is turned away from him.
Matthew 11:5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them.
Revelation 22:2 In the midst of the street of it, and on either side of the river, [was there] the tree of life, which bare twelve [manner of] fruits, [and] yielded her fruit every month: and the leaves of the tree [were] for the healing of the nations.

wings:

Ruth 2:12 The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
Matthew 23:37 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not!

ye shall:

Psalms 92:12-14 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. ... They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;
Isaiah 49:9-10 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places. ... They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Isaiah 55:12-13 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap [their] hands. ... Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, for an everlasting sign [that] shall not be cut off.
Jeremiah 31:9-14 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them: I will cause them to walk by the rivers of waters in a straight way, wherein they shall not stumble: for I am a father to Israel, and Ephraim [is] my firstborn. ... And I will satiate the soul of the priests with fatness, and my people shall be satisfied with my goodness, saith the LORD.
Hosea 14:5-7 I will be as the dew unto Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon. ... They that dwell under his shadow shall return; they shall revive [as] the corn, and grow as the vine: the scent thereof [shall be] as the wine of Lebanon.
John 15:2-5 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit he taketh away: and every [branch] that beareth fruit, he purgeth it, that it may bring forth more fruit. ... I am the vine, ye [are] the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.
2 Thessalonians 1:3 We are bound to thank God always for you, brethren, as it is meet, because that your faith groweth exceedingly, and the charity of every one of you all toward each other aboundeth;
2 Peter 3:18 But grow in grace, and [in] the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him [be] glory both now and for ever. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ru 2:12. 2S 23:4. Ps 67:1; 84:11; 85:9; 92:12; 103:3; 147:3. Pv 4:18. Is 9:2; 30:26; 49:6, 9; 50:10; 53:5; 55:12; 57:18; 60:1, 19; 66:1. Jr 17:14; 31:9; 33:6. Ezk 47:12. Ho 6:1, 3; 14:4, 5. Mal 3:16. Mt 4:15; 11:5; 23:37. Lk 1:50, 78; 2:32. Jn 1:4, 8, 14; 8:12; 9:4; 12:35, 40; 15:2. Ac 13:26, 47; 26:18. Ep 5:8. 2Th 1:3. 2P 1:19; 3:18. 1Jn 2:8. Rv 2:28; 11:18; 22:2, 16.

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