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Malachi 3:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Will a man rob God? yet ye rob me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Will a man rob God? Yet you are robbing Me! But you say, ‘How have we robbed You?’ In tithes and offerings.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Will a man rob God? yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, In what have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Will a man rob God? But ye rob me. And ye say, Wherein do we rob thee? [In] tithes and heave-offerings.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Will, a son of earth, defraud, God? Nevertheless, ye, have been defrauding me, and yet ye say, Wherein have we defrauded thee? In the tithe and the offering.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Doth man deceive God? but ye are deceiving Me, And ye have said: 'In what have we deceived Thee?' The tithe and the heave-offering!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Shall a man afflict God, for you afflict me. And you have said: Wherein do we afflict thee? in tithes and in firstfruits.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Wil a man rob God? yet ye haue robbed me. But ye say, Wherein haue we robbed thee? In tithes & offerings.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Will a man insult God? for ye insult me. But ye say, Wherein have we insulted thee? In that the tithes and first-fruits are with you [still].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Will a man rob Elohim? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Will a man 120
{0120} Prime
אָדָם
'adam
{aw-dawm'}
From H0119; ruddy, that is, a human being (an individual or the species, mankind, etc.).
rob 6906
{6906} Prime
קָבַע
qaba`
{kaw-bah'}
A primitive root; to cover, that is, (figuratively) defraud.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
lhm אֱלֹהִים? 430
{0430} Prime
אֱלֹהִים
'elohiym
{el-o-heem'}
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
Yet x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
have robbed 6906
{6906} Prime
קָבַע
qaba`
{kaw-bah'}
A primitive root; to cover, that is, (figuratively) defraud.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
me. But ye say, 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Wherein x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
have we robbed 6906
{6906} Prime
קָבַע
qaba`
{kaw-bah'}
A primitive root; to cover, that is, (figuratively) defraud.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
thee? In tithes 4643
{4643} Prime
מַעֲשֵׂר
ma`aser
{mah-as-ayr'}
From H6240; a tenth; especially a tithe.
and offerings. 8641
{8641} Prime
תְּרוּמָה
t@ruwmah
{ter-oo-maw'}
(The second form used in Deuteronomy 12:11); from H7311; a present (as offered up), especially in sacrifice or as tribute.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 3:7-12.


Malachi 3:8

_ _ rob — literally, “cover”: hence, defraud. Do ye call defrauding God no sin to be “returned” from (Malachi 3:7)? Yet ye have done so to Me in respect to the tithes due to Me, namely, the tenth of all the remainder after the first-fruits were paid, which tenth was paid to the Levites for their support (Leviticus 27:30-33): a tenth paid by the Levites to the priests (Numbers 18:26-28): a second tenth paid by the people for the entertainment of the Levites, and their own families, at the tabernacle (Deuteronomy 12:18): another tithe every third year for the poor, etc. (Deuteronomy 14:28, Deuteronomy 14:29).

_ _ offerings — the first-fruits, not less than one-sixtieth part of the corn, wine, and oil (Deuteronomy 18:4; Nehemiah 13:10, Nehemiah 13:12). The priests had this perquisite also, the tenth of the tithes which were the Levites perquisite. But they appropriated all the tithes, robbing the Levites of their due nine-tenths; as they did also, according to Josephus, before the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus. Thus doubly God was defrauded, the priests not discharging aright their sacrificial duties, and robbing God of the services of the Levites, who were driven away by destitution [Grotius].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 3:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Malachi 3:8

Will a (h) man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In (i) tithes and offerings.

(h) There are none of the heathen so barbarous, that will defraud their gods of their honour, or deal deceitfully with them.

(i) By which the service of God should have been maintained, and the priests and the poor relieved.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a man:

Psalms 29:2 Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness.
Proverbs 3:9-10 Honour the LORD with thy substance, and with the firstfruits of all thine increase: ... So shall thy barns be filled with plenty, and thy presses shall burst out with new wine.
Matthew 22:21 They say unto him, Caesar's. Then saith he unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar's; and unto God the things that are God's.
Mark 12:17 And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.
Luke 20:25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Caesar the things which be Caesar's, and unto God the things which be God's.
Romans 13:7 Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute [is due]; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.

In:

Malachi 1:8 And if ye offer the blind for sacrifice, [is it] not evil? and if ye offer the lame and sick, [is it] not evil? offer it now unto thy governor; will he be pleased with thee, or accept thy person? saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 1:13 Ye said also, Behold, what a weariness [is it]! and ye have snuffed at it, saith the LORD of hosts; and ye brought [that which was] torn, and the lame, and the sick; thus ye brought an offering: should I accept this of your hand? saith the LORD.
Leviticus 5:15-16 If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD; then he shall bring for his trespass unto the LORD a ram without blemish out of the flocks, with thy estimation by shekels of silver, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for a trespass offering: ... And he shall make amends for the harm that he hath done in the holy thing, and shall add the fifth part thereto, and give it unto the priest: and the priest shall make an atonement for him with the ram of the trespass offering, and it shall be forgiven him.
Leviticus 27:2-34 Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, When a man shall make a singular vow, the persons [shall be] for the LORD by thy estimation. ... These [are] the commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses for the children of Israel in mount Sinai.
Numbers 18:21-32 And, behold, I have given the children of Levi all the tenth in Israel for an inheritance, for their service which they serve, [even] the service of the tabernacle of the congregation. ... And ye shall bear no sin by reason of it, when ye have heaved from it the best of it: neither shall ye pollute the holy things of the children of Israel, lest ye die.
Joshua 7:11 Israel hath sinned, and they have also transgressed my covenant which I commanded them: for they have even taken of the accursed thing, and have also stolen, and dissembled also, and they have put [it] even among their own stuff.
Nehemiah 13:4-14 And before this, Eliashib the priest, having the oversight of the chamber of the house of our God, [was] allied unto Tobiah: ... Remember me, O my God, concerning this, and wipe not out my good deeds that I have done for the house of my God, and for the offices thereof.
Romans 2:22 Thou that sayest a man should not commit adultery, dost thou commit adultery? thou that abhorrest idols, dost thou commit sacrilege?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 5:15; 27:2. Nu 18:21. Jsh 7:11. Ne 13:4. Ps 29:2. Pv 3:9. Mal 1:8, 13. Mt 22:21. Mk 12:17. Lk 20:25. Ro 2:22; 13:7.

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