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Malachi 3:6 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I, Jehovah, change not; therefore ye, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I [am] the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For I, the LORD, do not change; therefore you, O sons of Jacob, are not consumed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I [am] the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For I Jehovah change not, and ye, sons of Jacob, are not consumed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because, I, Yahweh, have not changed, therefore, ye, the sons of Jacob, have not been utterly consumed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For I [am] Jehovah, I have not changed, And ye, the sons of Jacob, Ye have not been consumed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I am the Lord, and I change not: and you the sons of Jacob are not consumed.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I [am] the LORD, I change not: therefore ye sonnes of Iacob are not consumed.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For I am the Lord your God, and I am not changed:
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For I [am] Yahweh, I change not; therefore ye sons of Yaaqov are not consumed.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
[am] Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
I change 8138
{8138} Prime
שָׁנָה
shanah
{shaw-naw'}
A primitive root; to fold, that is, duplicate (literally or figuratively (); by implication to transmute (transitively or intransitively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not; x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
therefore ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
sons 1121
{1121} Prime
בֵּן
ben
{bane}
From H1129; a son (as a builder of the family name), in the widest sense (of literal and figurative relationship, including grandson, subject, nation, quality or condition, etc., (like H0001, H0251, etc.).
of Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
are not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
consumed. 3615
{3615} Prime
כָּלָה
kalah
{kaw-law'}
A primitive root; to end, whether intransitively (to cease, be finished, perish) or transitively (to complete, prepare, consume).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Malachi 3:6

_ _ the Lord — Jehovah: a name implying His immutable faithfulness in fulfilling His promises: the covenant name of God to the Jews (Exodus 6:3), called here “the sons of Jacob,” in reference to God’s covenant with that patriarch.

_ _ I change not — Ye are mistaken in inferring that, because I have not yet executed judgment on the wicked, I am changed from what I once was, namely, a God of judgment.

_ _ therefore ye ... are not consumed — Ye yourselves being “not consumed,” as ye have long ago deserved, are a signal proof of My unchangeableness. Romans 11:29 : compare the whole chapter, in which God’s mercy in store for Israel is made wholly to flow from God’s unchanging faithfulness to His own covenant of love. So here, as is implied by the phrase “sons of Jacob” (Genesis 28:13; Genesis 35:12). They are spared because I am Jehovah, and they sons of Jacob; while I spare them, I will also punish them; and while I punish them, I will not wholly consume them. The unchangeableness of God is the sheet-anchor of the Church. The perseverance of the saints is guaranteed, not by their unchangeable love to God, but by His unchangeable love to them, and His eternal purpose and promise in Christ Jesus [Moore]. He upbraids their ingratitude that they turn His very long-suffering (Lamentations 3:22) into a ground for skeptical denial of His coming as a Judge at all (Psalms 50:1, Psalms 50:3, Psalms 50:4, Psalms 50:21; Ecclesiastes 8:11, Ecclesiastes 8:12; Isaiah 57:11; Romans 2:4-10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 3:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Malachi 3:6

I change not — I have an unchangeable hatred to sin: and my long suffering also changeth not, therefore you are not consumed in your sins. Not consumed — God is the same in his wisdom to order the rewards of good and bad in the fittest season, therefore neither the one nor the other are consumed, but preserved to the season appointed of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Malachi 3:6

For I [am] the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob (f) are not consumed.

(f) They murmured against God, because they did not see his help which was ever present to defend them: and therefore he accuses them of ingratitude, and shows that in that they are not daily consumed, it is a sign that he still defends them, and so his mercy towards them never changes.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I am:

Genesis 15:7 And he said unto him, I [am] the LORD that brought thee out of Ur of the Chaldees, to give thee this land to inherit it.
Genesis 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:
Genesis 22:16 And said, By myself have I sworn, saith the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son]:
Exodus 3:14-15 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you. ... And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this [is] my name for ever, and this [is] my memorial unto all generations.
Nehemiah 9:7-8 Thou [art] the LORD the God, who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; ... And foundest his heart faithful before thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give [it, I say], to his seed, and hast performed thy words; for thou [art] righteous:
Isaiah 41:13 For I the LORD thy God will hold thy right hand, saying unto thee, Fear not; I will help thee.
Isaiah 42:5-8 Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein: ... I [am] the LORD: that [is] my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
Isaiah 43:11-12 I, [even] I, [am] the LORD; and beside me [there is] no saviour. ... I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed, when [there was] no strange [god] among you: therefore ye [are] my witnesses, saith the LORD, that I [am] God.
Isaiah 44:6 Thus saith the LORD the King of Israel, and his redeemer the LORD of hosts; I [am] the first, and I [am] the last; and beside me [there is] no God.
Isaiah 45:5-8 I [am] the LORD, and [there is] none else, [there is] no God beside me: I girded thee, though thou hast not known me: ... Drop down, ye heavens, from above, and let the skies pour down righteousness: let the earth open, and let them bring forth salvation, and let righteousness spring up together; I the LORD have created it.
Jeremiah 32:27 Behold, I [am] the LORD, the God of all flesh: is there any thing too hard for me?
Hosea 11:9 I will not execute the fierceness of mine anger, I will not return to destroy Ephraim: for I [am] God, and not man; the Holy One in the midst of thee: and I will not enter into the city.

I change not:

Numbers 23:19 God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?
1 Samuel 15:29 And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent: for he [is] not a man, that he should repent.
Psalms 102:26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:
Hebrews 6:18 That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:
Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.
Revelation 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.
Revelation 22:13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last.

therefore:

Psalms 78:38 But he, [being] full of compassion, forgave [their] iniquity, and destroyed [them] not: yea, many a time turned he his anger away, and did not stir up all his wrath.
Psalms 78:57 But turned back, and dealt unfaithfully like their fathers: they were turned aside like a deceitful bow.
Psalms 103:17 But the mercy of the LORD [is] from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children;
Psalms 105:7-10 He [is] the LORD our God: his judgments [are] in all the earth. ... And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law, [and] to Israel [for] an everlasting covenant:
Isaiah 40:28-31 Hast thou not known? hast thou not heard, [that] the everlasting God, the LORD, the Creator of the ends of the earth, fainteth not, neither is weary? [there is] no searching of his understanding. ... But they that wait upon the LORD shall renew [their] strength; they shall mount up with wings as eagles; they shall run, and not be weary; [and] they shall walk, and not faint.
Lamentations 3:22-23 [It is of] the LORD'S mercies that we are not consumed, because his compassions fail not. ... [They are] new every morning: great [is] thy faithfulness.
Romans 5:10 For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
Romans 8:28-32 And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to [his] purpose. ... He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
Romans 11:28-29 As concerning the gospel, [they are] enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, [they are] beloved for the fathers' sakes. ... For the gifts and calling of God [are] without repentance.
Philippians 1:6 Being confident of this very thing, that he which hath begun a good work in you will perform [it] until the day of Jesus Christ:
2 Thessalonians 2:13-14 But we are bound to give thanks alway to God for you, brethren beloved of the Lord, because God hath from the beginning chosen you to salvation through sanctification of the Spirit and belief of the truth: ... Whereunto he called you by our gospel, to the obtaining of the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 15:7, 18; 22:16. Ex 3:14. Nu 23:19. 1S 15:29. Ne 9:7. Ps 78:38, 57; 102:26; 103:17; 105:7. Is 40:28; 41:13; 42:5; 43:11; 44:6; 45:5. Jr 32:27. Lm 3:22. Ho 11:9. Ro 5:10; 8:28; 11:28. Php 1:6. 2Th 2:13. He 6:18; 13:8. Jm 1:17. Rv 1:8; 22:13.

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