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Malachi 3:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then they that feared Jehovah spake one with another; and Jehovah hearkened, and heard, and a book of remembrance was written before him, for them that feared Jehovah, and that thought upon his name.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Then those who feared the LORD spoke to one another, and the LORD gave attention and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before Him for those who fear the LORD and who esteem His name.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then they that feared the LORD spoke often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then they that feared Jehovah spoke often one to another; and Jehovah observed [it], and heard, and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared Jehovah, and that thought upon his name.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, they who revered Yahweh, conversed, one with another,—and Yahweh hearkened, and heard, and there was written a book of remembrance before him, for them who revered Yahweh, and for such as thought of his Name.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Then have those fearing Jehovah spoken one to another, And Jehovah doth attend and hear, And written is a book of memorial before Him Of those fearing Jehovah, And of those esteeming His name.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then they that feared the Lord, spoke every one with his neighbour: and the Lord gave ear, and heard it: and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that fear the Lord, and think on his name.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then they that feared the LORD, spake often one to another, and the LORD hearkened and heard [it], & a booke of remembrance was written before him, for them that feared the LORD, & that thought vpon his name.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thus spoke they that feared the Lord, every one to his neighbour: and the Lord gave heed, and hearkened, and he wrote a book of remembrance before him for them that feared the Lord and reverenced his name.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Then they that feared Yahweh spake often one to another: and Yahweh hearkened, and heard [it], and a book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared Yahweh, and that thought upon his name.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then x227
(0227) Complement
אָז
'az
{awz}
A demonstrative adverb; at that time or place; also as a conjugation, therefore.
they that feared 3373
{3373} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
From H3372; fearing; morally reverent.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
spake x1696
(1696) Complement
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
often y1696
[1696] Standard
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
one 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
to x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
another: 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
and Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hearkened, 7181
{7181} Prime
קָשַׁב
qashab
{kaw-shab'}
A primitive root; to prick up the ears, that is, hearken.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
and heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[it], and a book 5612
{5612} Prime
סֵפֶר
cepher
{say'-fer}
From H5608; properly writing (the art or a document); by implication a book.
of remembrance 2146
{2146} Prime
זִכָּרוֹן
zikrown
{zik-rone'}
From H2142; a memento (or memorable thing, day or writing).
was written 3789
{3789} Prime
כָּתַב
kathab
{kaw-thab'}
A primitive root; to grave; by implication to write (describe, inscribe, prescribe, subscribe).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
him for them that feared y3373
[3373] Standard
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
From H3372; fearing; morally reverent.
x3372
(3372) Complement
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and that thought 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
upon his name. 8034
{8034} Prime
שֵׁם
shem
{shame}
A primitive word (perhaps rather from H7760 through the idea of definite and conspicuous position; compare H8064); an appellation, as a mark or memorial of individuality; by implication honor, authority, character.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 3:13-18.


Malachi 3:16

_ _ “Then,” when the ungodly utter such blasphemies against God, the godly hold mutual converse, defending God’s righteous dealings against those blasphemers (Hebrews 3:13). The “often” of English Version is not in the Hebrew. There has been always in the darkest times a remnant that feared God (1 Kings 19:18; Romans 11:4).

_ _ feared the Lord — reverential and loving fear, not slavish terror. When the fire of religion burns low, true believers should draw the nearer together, to keep the holy flame alive. Coals separated soon go out.

_ _ book of remembrance ... for them — for their advantage, against the day when those found faithful among the faithless shall receive their final reward. The kings of Persia kept a record of those who had rendered services to the king, that they might be suitably rewarded (Esther 6:1, Esther 6:2; compare Esther 2:23; Ezra 4:15; Psalms 56:8; Isaiah 65:6; Daniel 7:10; Revelation 20:12). Calvin makes the fearers of God to be those awakened from among the ungodly mass (before described) to true repentance; the writing of the book thus will imply that some were reclaimable among the blasphemers, and that the godly should be assured that, though no hope appeared, there would be a door of penitence opened for them before God. But there is nothing in the context to support this view.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 3:13-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Malachi 3:16

Then — When contempt of God was grown so high. That feared the Lord — Those that were truly religious. Spake often — Conversed together the more frequently. And a book — All this is spoken after the manner of men. For them — On their behalf.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Malachi 3:16

(o) Then they that feared the LORD spake often one to another: and the LORD hearkened, and heard [it], and a (p) book of remembrance was written before him for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon his name.

(o) After these admonitions of the Prophet, some were strongly touched, and encouraged others to fear God.

(p) Both because the thing was strange that some turned to God in that great and universal corruption, and also that this might be an example of God's mercies to all repentant sinners.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that feared:

Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
Malachi 4:2 But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
Genesis 22:12 And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only [son] from me.
1 Kings 18:3 And Ahab called Obadiah, which [was] the governor of [his] house. (Now Obadiah feared the LORD greatly:
1 Kings 18:12 And it shall come to pass, [as soon as] I am gone from thee, that the Spirit of the LORD shall carry thee whither I know not; and [so] when I come and tell Ahab, and he cannot find thee, he shall slay me: but I thy servant fear the LORD from my youth.
Job 28:28 And unto man he said, Behold, the fear of the Lord, that [is] wisdom; and to depart from evil [is] understanding.
Psalms 33:18 Behold, the eye of the LORD [is] upon them that fear him, upon them that hope in his mercy;
Psalms 111:10 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do [his commandments]: his praise endureth for ever.
Psalms 112:1 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Psalms 147:11 The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
Isaiah 50:10 Who [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.
Acts 10:2 [A] devout [man], and one that feared God with all his house, which gave much alms to the people, and prayed to God alway.
Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

spake:

Deuteronomy 6:6-8 And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: ... And thou shalt bind them for a sign upon thine hand, and they shall be as frontlets between thine eyes.
1 Samuel 23:16-18 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. ... And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
Esther 4:5-17 Then called Esther for Hatach, [one] of the king's chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend upon her, and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to know what it [was], and why it [was]. ... So Mordecai went his way, and did according to all that Esther had commanded him.
Psalms 16:3 [But] to the saints that [are] in the earth, and [to] the excellent, in whom [is] all my delight.
Psalms 66:16 Come [and] hear, all ye that fear God, and I will declare what he hath done for my soul.
Psalms 73:15-17 If I say, I will speak thus; behold, I should offend [against] the generation of thy children. ... Until I went into the sanctuary of God; [then] understood I their end.
Psalms 119:63 I [am] a companion of all [them] that fear thee, and of them that keep thy precepts.
Proverbs 13:20 He that walketh with wise [men] shall be wise: but a companion of fools shall be destroyed.
Ezekiel 9:4 And the LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.
Daniel 2:17-18 Then Daniel went to his house, and made the thing known to Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah, his companions: ... That they would desire mercies of the God of heaven concerning this secret; that Daniel and his fellows should not perish with the rest of the wise [men] of Babylon.
Luke 2:38 And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto the Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.
Luke 24:14-31 And they talked together of all these things which had happened. ... And their eyes were opened, and they knew him; and he vanished out of their sight.
John 1:40-47 One of the two which heard John [speak], and followed him, was Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. ... Jesus saw Nathanael coming to him, and saith of him, Behold an Israelite indeed, in whom is no guile!
John 12:20-22 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up to worship at the feast: ... Philip cometh and telleth Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell Jesus.
Acts 1:13 And when they were come in, they went up into an upper room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James [the son] of Alphaeus, and Simon Zelotes, and Judas [the brother] of James.
Acts 2:1 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come, they were all with one accord in one place.
Acts 4:23-30 And being let go, they went to their own company, and reported all that the chief priests and elders had said unto them. ... By stretching forth thine hand to heal; and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of thy holy child Jesus.
Ephesians 5:19 Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord;
1 Thessalonians 5:11 Wherefore comfort yourselves together, and edify one another, even as also ye do.
1 Thessalonians 5:14 Now we exhort you, brethren, warn them that are unruly, comfort the feebleminded, support the weak, be patient toward all [men].
Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke unto love and to good works:
Hebrews 12:15 Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble [you], and thereby many be defiled;

and the:

2 Samuel 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
2 Chronicles 6:7 Now it was in the heart of David my father to build an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel.
Psalms 139:4 For [there is] not a word in my tongue, [but], lo, O LORD, thou knowest it altogether.
Matthew 18:19-20 Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven. ... For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.
Acts 4:31-33 And when they had prayed, the place was shaken where they were assembled together; and they were all filled with the Holy Ghost, and they spake the word of God with boldness. ... And with great power gave the apostles witness of the resurrection of the Lord Jesus: and great grace was upon them all.

a book:

Esther 2:23 And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out; therefore they were both hanged on a tree: and it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king.
Esther 6:1 On that night could not the king sleep, and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles; and they were read before the king.
Job 19:23-25 Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book! ... For I know [that] my redeemer liveth, and [that] he shall stand at the latter [day] upon the earth:
Psalms 56:8 Thou tellest my wanderings: put thou my tears into thy bottle: [are they] not in thy book?
Isaiah 65:6 Behold, [it is] written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom,
Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Matthew 12:35-37 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things. ... For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
Revelation 20:12 And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is [the book] of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.

that thought:

Psalms 10:4 The wicked, through the pride of his countenance, will not seek [after God]: God [is] not in all his thoughts.
Psalms 20:7 Some [trust] in chariots, and some in horses: but we will remember the name of the LORD our God.
Psalms 94:19 In the multitude of my thoughts within me thy comforts delight my soul.
Psalms 104:33 I will sing unto the LORD as long as I live: I will sing praise to my God while I have my being.
Isaiah 26:3 Thou wilt keep [him] in perfect peace, [whose] mind [is] stayed [on thee]: because he trusteth in thee.
Isaiah 26:8 Yea, in the way of thy judgments, O LORD, have we waited for thee; the desire of [our] soul [is] to thy name, and to the remembrance of thee.
Hebrews 4:12-13 For the word of God [is] quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and [is] a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart. ... Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things [are] naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
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Gn 22:12. Dt 6:6. 1S 23:16. 2S 7:1. 1K 18:3, 12. 2Ch 6:7. Es 2:23; 4:5; 6:1. Jb 19:23; 28:28. Ps 10:4; 16:3; 20:7; 33:18; 56:8; 66:16; 73:15; 94:19; 104:33; 111:10; 112:1; 119:63; 139:4; 147:11. Pv 13:20. Is 26:3, 8; 50:10; 65:6. Ezk 9:4. Dn 2:17; 7:10. Mal 3:5; 4:2. Mt 12:35; 18:19. Lk 2:38; 24:14. Jn 1:40; 12:20. Ac 1:13; 2:1; 4:23, 31; 9:31; 10:2. Ep 5:19. 1Th 5:11, 14. He 3:13; 4:12; 10:24; 12:15. Rv 15:4; 20:12.

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