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Malachi 3:11 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast its fruit before the time in the field, saith Jehovah of hosts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then I will rebuke the devourer for you, so that it will not destroy the fruits of the ground; nor will your vine in the field cast [its grapes],” says the LORD of hosts.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast its fruit before the time in the field, saith Jehovah of hosts.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then will I rebuke, for you, the devourer that he spoil not, for you, the fruit of the ground,—neither shall the vine in the field, be barren to you, saith Yahweh of hosts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I have pushed for you against the consumer, And He doth not destroy to you the fruit of the ground, Nor miscarry to you doth the vine in the field, Said Jehovah of Hosts.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I will rebuke for your sakes the devourer, and he shall not spoil the fruit of your land: neither shall the vine in the field be barren, saith the Lord of hosts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And I wil rebuke the deuourer for your sakes: and he shal not destroy the fruits of your ground, neither shal your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I will appoint food for you, and I will not destroy the fruit of your land; and your vine in the field shall not fail, saith the Lord Almighty.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— And I will rebuke the devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith Yahweh Tzevaoth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And I will rebuke 1605
{1605} Prime
גָּעַר
ga`ar
{gaw-ar'}
A primitive root; to chide.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the devourer 398
{0398} Prime
אָכַל
'akal
{aw-kal'}
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
for your sakes, and he shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
destroy 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the fruits 6529
{6529} Prime
פְּרִי
p@riy
{per-ee'}
From H6509; fruit (literally or figuratively).
of your ground; 127
{0127} Prime
אֲדָמָה
'adamah
{ad-aw-maw'}
From H0119; soil (from its general redness).
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
shall your vine 1612
{1612} Prime
גֶּפֶן
gephen
{gheh'-fen}
From an unused root meaning to bend; a vine (as twining), especially the grape.
cast her fruit y7921
[7921] Standard
שָׁכֹל
shakol
{shaw-kole'}
A primitive root; properly to miscarry, that is, suffer abortion; by analogy to bereave (literally or figuratively).
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
before the time x7921
(7921) Complement
שָׁכֹל
shakol
{shaw-kole'}
A primitive root; properly to miscarry, that is, suffer abortion; by analogy to bereave (literally or figuratively).
in the field, 7704
{7704} Prime
שָׂדֶה
sadeh
{saw-deh'}
From an unused root meaning to spread out; a field (as flat).
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת. 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 3:7-12.


Malachi 3:11

_ _ I will rebuke — (See on Malachi 2:3). I will no longer “rebuke (English Version, ‘corrupt’) the seed,” but will rebuke every agency that could hurt it (Amos 4:9).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 3:7-12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Malachi 3:11

The devourer — All kind of devourers, the locusts, the canker — worm, and the caterpillar, which though they are in incredible multitudes, yet a rebuke from God will check them all at once, as if they were but one. For your sakes — For your good. Your vine — Your vine shall carry their fruit 'till they are fully ripe.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Malachi 3:11

And I will rebuke the (l) devourer for your sakes, and he shall not destroy the fruits of your ground; neither shall your vine cast her fruit before the time in the field, saith the LORD of hosts.

(l) Meaning the caterpillar, and whatever destroys corn and fruits.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rebuke:

Joel 2:20 But I will remove far off from you the northern [army], and will drive him into a land barren and desolate, with his face toward the east sea, and his hinder part toward the utmost sea, and his stink shall come up, and his ill savour shall come up, because he hath done great things.
Amos 4:9 I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured [them]: yet have ye not returned unto me, saith the LORD.
Amos 7:1-3 Thus hath the Lord GOD shewed unto me; and, behold, he formed grasshoppers in the beginning of the shooting up of the latter growth; and, lo, [it was] the latter growth after the king's mowings. ... The LORD repented for this: It shall not be, saith the LORD.
Haggai 2:17 I smote you with blasting and with mildew and with hail in all the labours of your hands; yet ye [turned] not to me, saith the LORD.

destroy:
Heb. corrupt

neither:

Deuteronomy 11:14 That I will give [you] the rain of your land in his due season, the first rain and the latter rain, that thou mayest gather in thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil.
Jeremiah 8:13 I will surely consume them, saith the LORD: [there shall be] no grapes on the vine, nor figs on the fig tree, and the leaf shall fade; and [the things that] I have given them shall pass away from them.
Joel 1:7 He hath laid my vine waste, and barked my fig tree: he hath made it clean bare, and cast [it] away; the branches thereof are made white.
Joel 1:12 The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, [even] all the trees of the field, are withered: because joy is withered away from the sons of men.
Joel 2:22 Be not afraid, ye beasts of the field: for the pastures of the wilderness do spring, for the tree beareth her fruit, the fig tree and the vine do yield their strength.
Habakkuk 3:17 Although the fig tree shall not blossom, neither [shall] fruit [be] in the vines; the labour of the olive shall fail, and the fields shall yield no meat; the flock shall be cut off from the fold, and [there shall be] no herd in the stalls:
Zechariah 8:12 For the seed [shall be] prosperous; the vine shall give her fruit, and the ground shall give her increase, and the heavens shall give their dew; and I will cause the remnant of this people to possess all these [things].
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 11:14. Jr 8:13. Jol 1:7, 12; 2:20, 22. Am 4:9; 7:1. Hab 3:17. Hg 2:17. Zc 8:12.

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