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Malachi 2:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But ye are turned aside out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble in the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith Jehovah of hosts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “But as for you, you have turned aside from the way; you have caused many to stumble by the instruction; you have corrupted the covenant of Levi,” says the LORD of hosts.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But ye have departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the LORD of hosts.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith Jehovah of hosts.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, ye, have departed out of the way, ye have caused multitudes to stumble at the deliverance,—ye have violated the covenant of Levi, saith Yahweh of hosts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And ye, ye have turned from the way, Ye have caused many to stumble in the law, Ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, Said Jehovah of Hosts.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But you have departed out of the way, and have caused many to stumble at the law: you have made void the covenant of Levi, saith the Lord of hosts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But yee are departed out of the way: ye haue caused many to stumble at the law: ye haue corrupted the couenant of Leui, saith the LORD of hostes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— But ye have turned aside from the way, and caused many to fail in [following] the law: ye have corrupted the covenant of Levi, saith the Lord Almighty.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— But ye are departed out of the way; ye have caused many to stumble at the law; ye have corrupted the covenant of Lewi, saith Yahweh Tzevaoth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But ye x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
are departed 5493
{5493} Prime
סוּר
cuwr
{soor}
A primitive root; to turn off (literally or figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
out of x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the way; 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
ye have caused many y7227
[7227] Standard
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
to stumble 3782
{3782} Prime
כָּשַׁל
kashal
{kaw-shal'}
A primitive root; to totter or waver (through weakness of the legs, especially the ankle); by implication to falter, stumble, faint or fall.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
x7227
(7227) Complement
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
at the law; 8451
{8451} Prime
תּוֹרָה
towrah
{to-raw'}
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch.
ye have corrupted 7843
{7843} Prime
שָׁחַת
shachath
{shaw-khath'}
A primitive root; to decay, that is, (causatively) ruin (literally or figuratively).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
the covenant 1285
{1285} Prime
בְּרִית
b@riyth
{ber-eeth'}
From H1262 (in the sense of cutting (like H1254)); a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh).
of Lw לֵוִי, 3878
{3878} Prime
לֵוִי
Leviy
{lay-vee'}
From H3867; attached; Levi, a son of Jacob.
saith 559
{0559} Prime
אָמַר
'amar
{aw-mar'}
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת. 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 2:5-9.


Malachi 2:8

_ _ out of the way — that is, from the covenant.

_ _ caused many to stumble — By scandalous example, the worse inasmuch as the people look up to you as ministers of religion (1 Samuel 2:17; Jeremiah 18:15; Matthew 18:6; Luke 17:1).

_ _ at the law — that is, in respect to the observances of the law.

_ _ corrupted ... covenant — made it of none effect, by not fulfilling its conditions, and so forfeiting its promises (Zechariah 11:10; Nehemiah 13:29).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 2:1-9.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Malachi 2:8

But ye — Priests. Stumble at the law — By your false expositions of it. Have corrupted — You have violated it, have contradicted the great intentions of it, and done what in you lay, to defeat them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
ye are:

Psalms 18:21 For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God.
Psalms 119:102 I have not departed from thy judgments: for thou hast taught me.
Isaiah 30:11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.
Isaiah 59:13 In transgressing and lying against the LORD, and departing away from our God, speaking oppression and revolt, conceiving and uttering from the heart words of falsehood.
Jeremiah 17:5 Thus saith the LORD; Cursed [be] the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from the LORD.
Jeremiah 17:13 O LORD, the hope of Israel, all that forsake thee shall be ashamed, [and] they that depart from me shall be written in the earth, because they have forsaken the LORD, the fountain of living waters.
Ezekiel 44:10 And the Levites that are gone away far from me, when Israel went astray, which went astray away from me after their idols; they shall even bear their iniquity.
Daniel 9:5-6 We have sinned, and have committed iniquity, and have done wickedly, and have rebelled, even by departing from thy precepts and from thy judgments: ... Neither have we hearkened unto thy servants the prophets, which spake in thy name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land.
Hebrews 3:12 Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.

ye have caused:

Malachi 2:9 Therefore have I also made you contemptible and base before all the people, according as ye have not kept my ways, but have been partial in the law.
1 Samuel 2:17 Wherefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD: for men abhorred the offering of the LORD.
1 Samuel 2:24 Nay, my sons; for [it is] no good report that I hear: ye make the LORD'S people to transgress.
1 Samuel 2:30 Wherefore the LORD God of Israel saith, I said indeed [that] thy house, and the house of thy father, should walk before me for ever: but now the LORD saith, Be it far from me; for them that honour me I will honour, and they that despise me shall be lightly esteemed.
Isaiah 9:16 For the leaders of this people cause [them] to err; and [they that are] led of them [are] destroyed.
Jeremiah 18:15 Because my people hath forgotten me, they have burned incense to vanity, and they have caused them to stumble in their ways [from] the ancient paths, to walk in paths, [in] a way not cast up;
Jeremiah 23:11-15 For both prophet and priest are profane; yea, in my house have I found their wickedness, saith the LORD. ... Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts concerning the prophets; Behold, I will feed them with wormwood, and make them drink the water of gall: for from the prophets of Jerusalem is profaneness gone forth into all the land.
Matthew 15:2-5 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. ... But ye say, Whosoever shall say to [his] father or [his] mother, [It is] a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me;
Luke 11:45-46 Then answered one of the lawyers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying thou reproachest us also. ... And he said, Woe unto you also, [ye] lawyers! for ye lade men with burdens grievous to be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the burdens with one of your fingers.
Romans 2:19-24 And art confident that thou thyself art a guide of the blind, a light of them which are in darkness, ... For the name of God is blasphemed among the Gentiles through you, as it is written.
Romans 14:21 [It is] good neither to eat flesh, nor to drink wine, nor [any thing] whereby thy brother stumbleth, or is offended, or is made weak.

stumble at:
or, fall in

ye have corrupted:

Malachi 2:5 My covenant was with him of life and peace; and I gave them to him [for] the fear wherewith he feared me, and was afraid before my name.
Malachi 2:10 Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers?
Leviticus 21:15 Neither shall he profane his seed among his people: for I the LORD do sanctify him.
Nehemiah 13:29 Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood, and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 21:15. 1S 2:17, 24, 30. Ne 13:29. Ps 18:21; 119:102. Is 9:16; 30:11; 59:13. Jr 17:5, 13; 18:15; 23:11. Ezk 44:10. Dn 9:5. Mal 2:5, 9, 10. Mt 15:2. Lk 11:45. Ro 2:19; 14:21. He 3:12.

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