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Malachi 2:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah will cut off, to the man that doeth this, him that waketh and him that answereth, out of the tents of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto Jehovah of hosts.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The LORD will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “[As] for the man who does this, may the LORD cut off from the tents of Jacob [everyone] who awakes and answers, or who presents an offering to the LORD of hosts.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The LORD will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering to the LORD of hosts.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehovah will cut off from the tents of Jacob the man that doeth this, him that calleth and him that answereth; and him that offereth an oblation unto Jehovah of hosts.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— May Yahweh, cut off, from the man that doeth it—him that crieth out and him that answereth, out of the tents of Jacob,—him also that bringeth near a present to Yahweh of hosts.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Cut off doth Jehovah the man who doth it, Tempter and tempted—from the tents of Jacob, Even he who is bringing nigh a present to Jehovah of Hosts.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Lord will cut off the man that hath done this, both the master, and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that offereth an offering to the Lord of hosts.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The LORD will cut off the man that doth this: the Master and the scholler out of the tabernacles of Iacob, and him that offereth an offring vnto the LORD of hostes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The Lord will utterly destroy the man that does these things, until he be even cast down from out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and from among them that offer sacrifice to the Lord Almighty.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Yaaqov, and him that offereth an offering unto Yahweh Tzevaoth.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
will cut off 3772
{3772} Prime
כָּרַת
karath
{kaw-rath'}
A primitive root; to cut (off, down or asunder); by implication to destroy or consume; specifically to covenant (that is, make an alliance or bargain, originally by cutting flesh and passing between the pieces).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
the man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
doeth 6213
{6213} Prime
עָשָׂה
`asah
{aw-saw'}
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
this, the master 5782
{5782} Prime
עוּר
`uwr
{oor}
A primitive root (rather identical with H5783 through the idea of opening the eyes); to wake (literally or figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and the scholar, 6030
{6030} Prime
עָנָה
`anah
{aw-naw'}
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
out of the tabernacles 168
{0168} Prime
אֹהֶל
'ohel
{o'-hel}
From H0166; a tent (as clearly conspicuous from a distance).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב, 3290
{3290} Prime
יַעֲקֹב
Ya`aqob
{yah-ak-obe'}
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
and him that offereth 5066
{5066} Prime
נגשׁ
nagash
{naw-gash'}
A primitive root; to be or come (causatively bring) near (for any purpose); euphemistically to lie with a woman; as an enemy, to attack; religiously to worship; causatively to present; figuratively to adduce an argument; by reversal, to stand back.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
an offering 4503
{4503} Prime
מִנְחָה
minchah
{min-khaw'}
From an unused root meaning to apportion, that is, bestow; a donation; euphemistically tribute; specifically a sacrificial offering (usually bloodless and voluntary).
unto Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Xv צְבָאוֹת. 6635
{6635} Prime
צָבָא
tsaba'
{tsaw-baw'}
From H6633; a mass of persons (or figurative things), especially regularly organized for war (an army); by implication a campaign, literally or figuratively (specifically hardship, worship).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Malachi 2:12

_ _ master and ... scholar — literally, “him that watcheth and him that answereth.” So “wakeneth” is used of the teacher or “master” (Isaiah 50:4); masters are watchful in guarding their scholars. The reference is to the priests, who ought to have taught the people piety, but who led them into evil. “Him that answereth” is the scholar who has to answer the questions of his teacher (Luke 2:47) [Grotius]. The Arabs have a proverb, “None calling and none answering,” that is, there being not one alive. So Gesenius explains it of the Levite watches in the temple (Psalms 134:1), one watchman calling and another answering. But the scholar is rather the people, the pupils of the priests “in doing this,” namely, forming unions with foreign wives. “Out of the tabernacles of Jacob” proves it is not the priests alone. God will spare neither priests nor people who act so.

_ _ him that offereth — His offerings will not avail to shield him from the penalty of his sin in repudiating his Jewish wife and taking a foreign one.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Malachi 2:10-17.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Malachi 2:12

The master and the scholar — There shall be left neither any to teach nor any to learn. Him that offereth — The priests.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Malachi 2:12

The LORD will cut off the man that doeth this, the master and the scholar, out of the tabernacles of Jacob, and him that (q) offereth an offering unto the LORD of hosts.

(q) That is, the priest.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
cut:

Leviticus 18:29 For whosoever shall commit any of these abominations, even the souls that commit [them] shall be cut off from among their people.
Leviticus 20:3 And I will set my face against that man, and will cut him off from among his people; because he hath given of his seed unto Molech, to defile my sanctuary, and to profane my holy name.
Numbers 15:30-31 But the soul that doeth [ought] presumptuously, [whether he be] born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth the LORD; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people. ... Because he hath despised the word of the LORD, and hath broken his commandment, that soul shall utterly be cut off; his iniquity [shall be] upon him.
Joshua 23:12-13 Else if ye do in any wise go back, and cleave unto the remnant of these nations, [even] these that remain among you, and shall make marriages with them, and go in unto them, and they to you: ... Know for a certainty that the LORD your God will no more drive out [any of] these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which the LORD your God hath given you.
1 Samuel 2:31-34 Behold, the days come, that I will cut off thine arm, and the arm of thy father's house, that there shall not be an old man in thine house. ... And this [shall be] a sign unto thee, that shall come upon thy two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas; in one day they shall die both of them.

the master and the scholar:
or, him that waketh, and him that answereth,
1 Chronicles 25:8 And they cast lots, ward against [ward], as well the small as the great, the teacher as the scholar.
Ezra 10:18-19 And among the sons of the priests there were found that had taken strange wives: [namely], of the sons of Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren; Maaseiah, and Eliezer, and Jarib, and Gedaliah. ... And they gave their hands that they would put away their wives; and [being] guilty, [they offered] a ram of the flock for their trespass.
Nehemiah 13:28-29 And [one] of the sons of Joiada, the son of Eliashib the high priest, [was] son in law to Sanballat the Horonite: therefore I chased him from me. ... Remember them, O my God, because they have defiled the priesthood, and the covenant of the priesthood, and of the Levites.
Isaiah 9:14-16 Therefore the LORD will cut off from Israel head and tail, branch and rush, in one day. ... For the leaders of this people cause [them] to err; and [they that are] led of them [are] destroyed.
Isaiah 24:1-2 Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof. ... And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.
Ezekiel 14:10 And they shall bear the punishment of their iniquity: the punishment of the prophet shall be even as the punishment of him that seeketh [unto him];
Hosea 4:4-5 Yet let no man strive, nor reprove another: for thy people [are] as they that strive with the priest. ... Therefore shalt thou fall in the day, and the prophet also shall fall with thee in the night, and I will destroy thy mother.
Matthew 15:14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch.
2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
Revelation 19:20 And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone.

out:

Numbers 24:5 How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, [and] thy tabernacles, O Israel!
Zechariah 12:7 The LORD also shall save the tents of Judah first, that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem do not magnify [themselves] against Judah.

and him:

Malachi 2:10 Have we not all one father? hath not one God created us? why do we deal treacherously every man against his brother, by profaning the covenant of our fathers?
Genesis 4:3-5 And in process of time it came to pass, that Cain brought of the fruit of the ground an offering unto the LORD. ... But unto Cain and to his offering he had not respect. And Cain was very wroth, and his countenance fell.
1 Samuel 3:14 And therefore I have sworn unto the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever.
1 Samuel 15:22-23 And Samuel said, Hath the LORD [as great] delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey [is] better than sacrifice, [and] to hearken than the fat of rams. ... For rebellion [is as] the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness [is as] iniquity and idolatry. Because thou hast rejected the word of the LORD, he hath also rejected thee from [being] king.
Isaiah 61:8 For I the LORD love judgment, I hate robbery for burnt offering; and I will direct their work in truth, and I will make an everlasting covenant with them.
Isaiah 66:3 He that killeth an ox [is as if] he slew a man; he that sacrificeth a lamb, [as if] he cut off a dog's neck; he that offereth an oblation, [as if he offered] swine's blood; he that burneth incense, [as if] he blessed an idol. Yea, they have chosen their own ways, and their soul delighteth in their abominations.
Amos 5:22 Though ye offer me burnt offerings and your meat offerings, I will not accept [them]: neither will I regard the peace offerings of your fat beasts.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 4:3. Lv 18:29; 20:3. Nu 15:30; 24:5. Jsh 23:12. 1S 2:31; 3:14; 15:22. 1Ch 25:8. Ezr 10:18. Ne 13:28. Is 9:14; 24:1; 61:8; 66:3. Ezk 14:10. Ho 4:4. Am 5:22. Zc 12:7. Mal 2:10. Mt 15:14. 2Ti 3:13. Rv 19:20.

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