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Luke 9:55 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But he turned, and rebuked them.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But He turned and rebuked them, [[and said, “You do not know what kind of spirit you are of;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But turning he rebuked them [and said, Ye know not of what spirit ye are].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, turning, he rebuked them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and having turned, he rebuked them, and said, 'Ye have not known of what spirit ye are;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And turning, he rebuked them, saying: you know not of what spirit you are.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what maner spirit ye are of.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But he turned and reproved them, and said, You know not of what spirit you are:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he turned and rebuked them, and said: Ye know not of what spirit ye are.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he turned, 4762
{4762} Prime
στρέφω
strepho
{stref'-o}
Strengthened from the base of G5157; to twist, that is, turn quite around or reverse (literally or figuratively).
z5651
<5651> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 32 plus one in a footnote in a variant reading
and rebuked 2008
{2008} Prime
ἐπιτιμάω
epitimao
{ep-ee-tee-mah'-o}
From G1909 and G5091; to tax upon, that is, censure or admonish; by implication forbid.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Ye know 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5758
<5758> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 516
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
what manner 3634
{3634} Prime
οἷος
hoios
{hoy'-os}
Probably akin to G3588, G3739, and G3745; such or what sort of (as a correlation or exclamation); especially the neuter (adverb) with the negative not so.
of spirit 4151
{4151} Prime
πνεῦμα
pneuma
{pnyoo'-mah}
From G4154; a current of air, that is, breath (blast) or a breeze; by analogy or figuratively a spirit, that is, (human) the rational soul, (by implication) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy spirit.
ye 5210
{5210} Prime
ὑμεῖς
humeis
{hoo-mice'}
Irregular plural of G4771; you (as subject of verb).
are x2075
(2075) Complement
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
of. y2075
[2075] Standard
ἐστέ
este
{es-teh'}
Second person plural present indicative of G1510; ye are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 9:55-56

_ _ know not what ... spirit — The thing ye demand, though in keeping with the legal, is unsuited to the genius of the evangelical dispensation. The sparks of unholy indignation would seize readily enough on this example of Elias, though our Lord’s rebuke (as is plain from Luke 9:56) is directed to the principle involved rather than the animal heat which doubtless prompted the reference. “It is a golden sentence of Tillotson, Let us never do anything for religion which is contrary to religion” [Webster and Wilkinson].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 9:51-56.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 9:55

Ye know not what manner of spirit — The spirit of Christianity is. It is not a spirit of wrath and vengeance, but of peace, and gentleness, and love.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 9:55

But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of (n) spirit ye are of.

(n) So the Hebrews say, that is, you do not know what will, mind, and counsel you are of: so the gifts of God are called the spirit because they are given by God's Spirit, and so are the things that are contrary to them also called the spirit, which proceed from the wicked spirit, such as the spirit of covetousness, of pride, and madness.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
and rebuked:

1 Samuel 24:4-7 And the men of David said unto him, Behold the day of which the LORD said unto thee, Behold, I will deliver thine enemy into thine hand, that thou mayest do to him as it shall seem good unto thee. Then David arose, and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privily. ... So David stayed his servants with these words, and suffered them not to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave, and went on [his] way.
1 Samuel 26:8-11 Then said Abishai to David, God hath delivered thine enemy into thine hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray thee, with the spear even to the earth at once, and I will not [smite] him the second time. ... The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed: but, I pray thee, take thou now the spear that [is] at his bolster, and the cruse of water, and let us go.
2 Samuel 19:22 And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I [am] this day king over Israel?
Job 31:29-31 If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him: ... If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.
Proverbs 9:8 Reprove not a scorner, lest he hate thee: rebuke a wise man, and he will love thee.
Matthew 16:23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men.
Revelation 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.

Ye know:

Numbers 20:10-12 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock? ... And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed me not, to sanctify me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.
Job 2:10 But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.
Job 26:4 To whom hast thou uttered words? and whose spirit came from thee?
Job 34:4-9 Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what [is] good. ... For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.
Job 35:2-4 Thinkest thou this to be right, [that] thou saidst, My righteousness [is] more than God's? ... I will answer thee, and thy companions with thee.
Job 42:6 Wherefore I abhor [myself], and repent in dust and ashes.
Jeremiah 17:9 The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
Matthew 26:33 Peter answered and said unto him, Though all [men] shall be offended because of thee, [yet] will I never be offended.
Matthew 26:41 Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptation: the spirit indeed [is] willing, but the flesh [is] weak.
Matthew 26:51 And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out [his] hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's, and smote off his ear.
John 16:9 Of sin, because they believe not on me;
Acts 23:3-5 Then said Paul unto him, God shall smite thee, [thou] whited wall: for sittest thou to judge me after the law, and commandest me to be smitten contrary to the law? ... Then said Paul, I wist not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, Thou shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people.
Acts 26:9-11 I verily thought with myself, that I ought to do many things contrary to the name of Jesus of Nazareth. ... And I punished them oft in every synagogue, and compelled [them] to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted [them] even unto strange cities.
James 3:10 Out of the same mouth proceedeth blessing and cursing. My brethren, these things ought not so to be.
1 Peter 3:9 Not rendering evil for evil, or railing for railing: but contrariwise blessing; knowing that ye are thereunto called, that ye should inherit a blessing.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 20:10. 1S 24:4; 26:8. 2S 19:22. Jb 2:10; 26:4; 31:29; 34:4; 35:2; 42:6. Pv 9:8. Jr 17:9. Mt 16:23; 26:33, 41, 51. Jn 16:9. Ac 23:3; 26:9. Jm 3:10. 1P 3:9. Rv 3:19.

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