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Luke 6:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And it came to pass in these days, that he went out into the mountain to pray; and he continued all night in prayer to God.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It was at this time that He went off to the mountain to pray, and He spent the whole night in prayer to God.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And it came to pass in those days, that he went out to a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And it came to pass in those days that he went out into the mountain to pray, and he spent the night in prayer to God.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And it came to pass, in these days, that he went forth into the mountain to pray, and was spending the night in the prayer-house of God.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And it came to pass in those days, he went forth to the mountain to pray, and was passing the night in the prayer of God,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray: and he passed the whole night in the prayer of God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And it came to passe in those dayes, that hee went out into a mountaine to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BUT it was in those days that Jeshu went forth into a mountain to pray; and there remained he all night in the prayer of Aloha.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And in those days, Jesus retired to a mountain to pray; and he passed the night there, in prayer to God.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
it came to pass 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
those 5025
{5025} Prime
ταύταις
tautais
{tow'-taheece}
Dative and accusative feminine plural respectively of G3778; (to or with or by, etc.) these.
days, 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
that he went out 1831
{1831} Prime
ἐξέρχομαι
exerchomai
{ex-er'-khom-ahee}
From G1537 and G2064; to issue (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
into 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
a mountain 3735
{3735} Prime
ὄρος
oros
{or'-os}
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
to pray, 4336
{4336} Prime
προσεύχομαι
proseuchomai
{pros-yoo'-khom-ahee}
From G4314 and G2172; to pray to God, that is, supplicate, worship.
z5664
<5664> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 37
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
continued all night 1273
{1273} Prime
διανυκτερεύω
dianuktereuo
{dee-an-ook-ter-yoo'-o}
From G1223 and a derivative of G3571; to sit up the whole night.
2258
{2258} Prime
ἦν
en
{ane}
Imperfect of G1510; I (thou, etc.) was (wast or were).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
z5713
<5713> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 532
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
prayer 4335
{4335} Prime
προσευχή
proseuche
{pros-yoo-khay'}
From G4336; prayer (worship); by implication an oratory (chapel).
to God. 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 6:12-13

_ _ Luke 6:12-49. The twelve apostles chosen — Gathering multitudes — Glorious healing.

_ _ went out — probably from Capernaum.

_ _ all night in prayer ... and when ... day, he called, etc. — The work with which the next day began shows what had been the burden of this night’s devotions. As He directed His disciples to pray for “laborers” just before sending themselves forth (see on Matthew 9:37; see on Matthew 10:1), so here we find the Lord Himself in prolonged communion with His Father in preparation for the solemn appointment of those men who were to give birth to His Church, and from whom the world in all time was to take a new mould. How instructive is this!

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Luke 6:12-19

_ _ In these verses, we have our Lord Jesus in secret, in his family, and in public; and in all three acting like himself.

_ _ I. In secret we have him praying to God, Luke 6:12. This evangelist takes frequent notice of Christ's retirements, to give us an example of secret prayer, by which we must keep up our communion with God daily, and without which it is impossible that the soul should prosper. In those days, when his enemies were filled with madness against him, and were contriving what to do to him, he went out to pray; that he might answer the type of David (Psalms 109:4), For my love, they are my adversaries; but I give myself unto prayer. Observe, 1. He was alone with God; he went out into a mountain, to pray, where he might have no disturbance or interruption given him; we are never less alone than when we are thus alone. Whether there was any convenient place built upon this mountain, for devout people to retire to for their private devotions, as some think, and that that oratory, or place of prayer, is meant here by h proseuch tou theou, to me seems very uncertain. He went into a mountain for privacy, and therefore, probably, would not go to a place frequented by others. 2. He was long alone with God: He continued all night in prayer. We think one half hour a great deal to spend in the duties of the closet; but Christ continued a whole night in meditation and secret prayer. We have a great deal of business at the throne of grace, and we should take a great delight in communion with God, and by both these we may be kept sometimes long at prayer.

_ _ II. In his family we have him nominating his immediate attendants, that should be the constant auditors of his doctrine and eye-witnesses of his miracles, that hereafter they might be sent forth as apostles, his messengers to the world, to preach his gospel to it, and plant his church in it, Luke 6:13. After he had continued all night in prayer, one would have thought that, when it was day, he should have reposed himself, and got some sleep. No, as soon as any body was stirring, he called unto him his disciples. In serving God, our great care should be, not to lose time, but to make the end of one good duty the beginning of another. Ministers are to be ordained with prayer more than ordinarily solemn. The number of the apostles was twelve. Their names are here recorded; it is the third time that we have met with them, and in each of the three places the order of them differs, to teach both ministers and Christians not to be nice in precedency, not in giving it, much less in taking it, but to look upon it as a thing not worth taking notice of; let it be as it lights. He that in Mark was called Thaddeus, in Matthew Lebbeus, whose surname was Thaddeus, is here called Judas the brother of James, the same that wrote the epistle of Jude. Simon, who in Matthew and Mark was called the Canaanite, is here called Simon Zelotes, perhaps for his great zeal in religion. Concerning these twelve here named we have reason to say, as the queen of Sheba did of Solomon's servants, Happy are thy men, and happy are these thy servants, that stand continually before thee, and hear thy wisdom; never were men so privileged, and yet one of them had a devil, and proved a traitor (Luke 6:16); yet Christ, when he chose him, was not deceived in him.

_ _ III. In public we have him preaching and healing, the two great works between which he divided his time, Luke 6:17. He came down with the twelve from the mountain, and stood in the plain, ready to receive those that resorted to him; and there were presently gathered about him, not only the company of his disciples, who used to attend him, but also a great multitude of people, a mixed multitude out of all Judea and Jerusalem. Though it was some scores of miles from Jerusalem to that part of Galilee where Christ now was, — though at Jerusalem they had abundance of famous rabbin, that had great names, and bore a mighty sway, — yet they came to hear Christ. They came also from the sea-coast of Tyre and Sidon. Though they who lived there were generally men of business, and though they bordered upon Canaanites, yet there were some well affected to Christ; such there were dispersed in all parts, here and there one. 1. They came to hear him and he preached to them. Those that have not good preaching near them had better travel far for it than be without it. It is worth while to go a great way to hear the word of Christ, and to go out of the way of other business for it. 2. They came to be cured by him, and he healed them. Some were troubled in body, and some in mind; some had diseases, some had devils; but both the one and the other, upon their application to Christ, were healed, for he has power over diseases and devils (Luke 6:17, Luke 6:18), over the effects and over the causes. Nay, it should seem, those who had no particular diseases to complain of yet found it a great confirmation and renovation to their bodily health and vigour to partake of the virtue that went out of him; for (Luke 6:19) the whole multitude sought to touch him, those that were in health as well as those that were sick, and they were all, one way or other, the better for him: he healed them all; and who is there that doth not need, upon some account or other, to be healed? There is a fulness of grace in Christ, and healing virtue in him, and ready to go out from him, that is enough for all, enough for each.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 6:12

In the prayer of God — The phrase is singular and emphatical, to imply an extraordinary and sublime devotion. Mark 3:13.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 6:12

(3) And it came to pass in those days, that he went out into a mountain to pray, and continued all night in prayer to God.

(3) In using earnest and long prayer in choosing twelve of his own company to the office of the apostleship, Christ shows how religiously we ought to behave ourselves in the choice of ecclesiastical persons.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that:

Psalms 55:15-17 Let death seize upon them, [and] let them go down quick into hell: for wickedness [is] in their dwellings, [and] among them. ... Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I pray, and cry aloud: and he shall hear my voice.
Psalms 109:3-4 They compassed me about also with words of hatred; and fought against me without a cause. ... For my love they are my adversaries: but I [give myself unto] prayer.
Daniel 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.
Matthew 6:6 But thou, when thou prayest, enter into thy closet, and when thou hast shut thy door, pray to thy Father which is in secret; and thy Father which seeth in secret shall reward thee openly.
Mark 1:35 And in the morning, rising up a great while before day, he went out, and departed into a solitary place, and there prayed.
Mark 14:34-36 And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch. ... And he said, Abba, Father, all things [are] possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.
Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;

continued:

Genesis 32:24-26 And Jacob was left alone; and there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. ... And he said, Let me go, for the day breaketh. And he said, I will not let thee go, except thou bless me.
Psalms 22:2 O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
Matthew 14:23-25 And when he had sent the multitudes away, he went up into a mountain apart to pray: and when the evening was come, he was there alone. ... And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea.
Mark 6:46 And when he had sent them away, he departed into a mountain to pray.
Colossians 4:2 Continue in prayer, and watch in the same with thanksgiving;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 32:24. Ps 22:2; 55:15; 109:3. Dn 6:10. Mt 6:6; 14:23. Mk 1:35; 6:46; 14:34. Col 4:2. He 5:7.

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