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Luke 5:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Jesus said unto them, Can ye make the sons of the bride-chamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said unto them, Can ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And Jesus said to them, “You cannot make the attendants of the bridegroom fast while the bridegroom is with them, can you?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said to them, Can ye make the children of the bride-chamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said to them, Can ye make the sons of the bridechamber fast when the bridegroom is with them?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Jesus, however, said unto them—Can, ye make, the sons of the bridechamber, fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And he said unto them, 'Are ye able to make the sons of the bride-chamber—in the bridegroom being with them—to fast?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To whom he said: Can you make the children of the bridegroom fast whilst the bridegroom is with them?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he said vnto them, Can yee make the children of the Bride-chamber fast, while the Bridegrome is with them?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But he said to them, How can you make the sons of the chamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And he said to them: Ye cannot make the guests of the nuptial chamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
y3361
[3361] Standard
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
Can x1410
(1410) Complement
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
ye y1410
[1410] Standard
δύναμαι
dunamai
{doo'-nam-ahee}
Of uncertain affinity; to be able or possible.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
x3361
(3361) Complement
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
make 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5658
<5658> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 516
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
children 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
bridechamber 3567
{3567} Prime
νυμφών
numphon
{noom-fohn'}
From G3565; the bridal room.
fast, 3522
{3522} Prime
νηστεύω
nesteuo
{nace-tyoo'-o}
From G3523; to abstain from food (religiously).
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
while 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
bridegroom 3566
{3566} Prime
νυμφίος
numphios
{noom-fee'-os}
From G3565; a bride groom (literally or figuratively).
is 2076
{2076} Prime
ἐστί
esti
{es-tee'}
Third person singular present indicative of G1510; he (she or it) is; also (with neuter plural) they are.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
with 3326
{3326} Prime
μετά
meta
{met-ah'}
A primary preposition (often used adverbially); properly denoting accompaniment; 'amid' (local or causal); modified variously according to the case (genitive case association, or accusative case succession) with which it is joined; occupying an intermediate position between G0575 or G1537 and G1519 or G4314; less intimate than G1722, and less close than G4862).
them? 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 5:33-39.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 5:27-39.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 5:34

Can ye make — That is, is it proper to make men fast and mourn, during a festival solemnity?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 5:34

(7) And he said unto them, Can ye make the children of the bridechamber fast, while the bridegroom is with them?

(7) Laws generally made without any consideration of circumstances; for fasting and other things of like sort are not only tyrannous but very harmful to the Church.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the children:

Judges 14:10-11 So his father went down unto the woman: and Samson made there a feast; for so used the young men to do. ... And it came to pass, when they saw him, that they brought thirty companions to be with him.
Psalms 45:14 She shall be brought unto the king in raiment of needlework: the virgins her companions that follow her shall be brought unto thee.
Song of Songs 2:6-7 His left hand [is] under my head, and his right hand doth embrace me. ... I charge you, O ye daughters of Jerusalem, by the roes, and by the hinds of the field, that ye stir not up, nor awake [my] love, till he please.
Song of Songs 3:10-11 He made the pillars thereof [of] silver, the bottom thereof [of] gold, the covering of it [of] purple, the midst thereof being paved [with] love, for the daughters of Jerusalem. ... Go forth, O ye daughters of Zion, and behold king Solomon with the crown wherewith his mother crowned him in the day of his espousals, and in the day of the gladness of his heart.
Song of Songs 5:8 I charge you, O daughters of Jerusalem, if ye find my beloved, that ye tell him, that I [am] sick of love.
Song of Songs 6:1 Whither is thy beloved gone, O thou fairest among women? whither is thy beloved turned aside? that we may seek him with thee.
Matthew 25:1-10 Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom. ... And while they went to buy, the bridegroom came; and they that were ready went in with him to the marriage: and the door was shut.
Revelation 19:7-9 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. ... And he saith unto me, Write, Blessed [are] they which are called unto the marriage supper of the Lamb. And he saith unto me, These are the true sayings of God.

bridegroom:

Psalms 45:10-16 Hearken, O daughter, and consider, and incline thine ear; forget also thine own people, and thy father's house; ... Instead of thy fathers shall be thy children, whom thou mayest make princes in all the earth.
Isaiah 54:5 For thy Maker [is] thine husband; the LORD of hosts [is] his name; and thy Redeemer the Holy One of Israel; The God of the whole earth shall he be called.
Isaiah 62:5 For [as] a young man marrieth a virgin, [so] shall thy sons marry thee: and [as] the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, [so] shall thy God rejoice over thee.
Zephaniah 3:17 The LORD thy God in the midst of thee [is] mighty; he will save, he will rejoice over thee with joy; he will rest in his love, he will joy over thee with singing.
Matthew 22:2 The kingdom of heaven is like unto a certain king, which made a marriage for his son,
John 3:29 He that hath the bride is the bridegroom: but the friend of the bridegroom, which standeth and heareth him, rejoiceth greatly because of the bridegroom's voice: this my joy therefore is fulfilled.
2 Corinthians 11:2 For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for I have espoused you to one husband, that I may present [you as] a chaste virgin to Christ.
Ephesians 5:25-27 Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church, and gave himself for it; ... That he might present it to himself a glorious church, not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy and without blemish.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jg 14:10. Ps 45:10, 14. So 2:6; 3:10; 5:8; 6:1. Is 54:5; 62:5. Zp 3:17. Mt 22:2; 25:1. Jn 3:29. 2Co 11:2. Ep 5:25. Rv 19:7.

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