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Luke 4:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— during forty days, being tempted of the devil. And he did eat nothing in those days: and when they were completed, he hungered.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— for forty days, being tempted by the devil. And He ate nothing during those days, and when they had ended, He became hungry.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Being forty days tempted by the devil. And in those days he ate nothing; and when they were ended, he was afterward hungry.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— forty days, tempted of the devil; and in those days he did not eat anything, and when they were finished he hungered.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— forty days,—being tempted by the adversary; and he did eat nothing in those days,—and, when they were concluded, he hungered.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— forty days being tempted by the Devil, and he did not eat anything in those days, and they having been ended, he afterward hungered,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the space of forty days, and was tempted by the devil. And he ate nothing in those days. And when they were ended, he was hungry.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Being fourtie dayes tempted of the deuil, and in those dayes he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungred.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— to be tempted forty days by the accuser. And he ate nothing in those days; and when they were fulfilled, afterwards he hungered.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— forty days, to be tempted by the Calumniator. And during those days, he ate nothing; and when he had completed them, he was at last hungry.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Being y3985
[3985] Standard
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
forty 5062
{5062} Prime
τεσσαράκοντα
tessarakonta
{tes-sar-ak'-on-tah}
The decade of G5064; forty.
days 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
tempted 3985
{3985} Prime
πειράζω
peirazo
{pi-rad'-zo}
From G3984; to test (objectively), that is, endeavor, scrutinize, entice, discipline.
z5746
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
of 5259
{5259} Prime
ὑπό
hupo
{hoop-o'}
A primary preposition; under, that is, (with the genitive) of place (beneath), or with verbs (the agency or means, through); (with the accusative) of place (whither [underneath] or where [below]) or time (when [at]).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
devil. 1228
{1228} Prime
διάβολος
diabolos
{dee-ab'-ol-os}
From G1225; a traducer; specifically Satan (compare [H7854]).
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
those 1565
{1565} Prime
ἐκεῖνος
ekeinos
{ek-i'-nos}
From G1563; that one (or [neuter] thing); often intensified by the article prefixed.
days 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
he did x3756
(3756) Complement
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
eat 5315
{5315} Prime
φάγω
phago
{fag'-o}
A primary verb (used as an alternate of G2068 in certain tenses); to eat (literally or figuratively).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
nothing: 3762
{3762} Prime
οὐδείς
oudeis
{oo-dice'}
From G3761 and G1520; not even one (man, woman or thing), that is, none, nobody, nothing.
y3756
[3756] Standard
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
were ended, 4931
{4931} Prime
συντελέω
sunteleo
{soon-tel-eh'-o}
From G4862 and G5055; to complete entirely; generally to execute (literally or figuratively).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
he afterward 5305
{5305} Prime
ὕστερον
husteron
{hoos'-ter-on}
Neuter of G5306 as adverb; more lately, that is, eventually.
hungered. 3983
{3983} Prime
πεινάω
peinao
{pi-nah'-o}
From the same as G3993 (through the idea of pinching toil; 'pine'); to famish (absolutely or comparatively); figuratively to crave.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 4:1-13.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 4:1-13.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
forty:

Exodus 24:18 And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.
Exodus 34:28 And he was there with the LORD forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.
Deuteronomy 9:9 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, [even] the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water:
Deuteronomy 9:18 And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
Deuteronomy 9:25 Thus I fell down before the LORD forty days and forty nights, as I fell down [at the first]; because the LORD had said he would destroy you.
1 Kings 19:8 And he arose, and did eat and drink, and went in the strength of that meat forty days and forty nights unto Horeb the mount of God.
Matthew 4:2 And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.

tempted:

Genesis 3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
1 Samuel 17:16 And the Philistine drew near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
Hebrews 2:18 For in that he himself hath suffered being tempted, he is able to succour them that are tempted.

he did:

Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so will I go in unto the king, which [is] not according to the law: and if I perish, I perish.
Jonah 3:7 And he caused [it] to be proclaimed and published through Nineveh by the decree of the king and his nobles, saying, Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste any thing: let them not feed, nor drink water:

he afterward:

Matthew 21:18 Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered.
John 4:6 Now Jacob's well was there. Jesus therefore, being wearied with [his] journey, sat thus on the well: [and] it was about the sixth hour.
Hebrews 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as [we are, yet] without sin.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:15. Ex 24:18; 34:28. Dt 9:9, 18, 25. 1S 17:16. 1K 19:8. Es 4:16. Jna 3:7. Mt 4:2; 21:18. Jn 4:6. He 2:18; 4:15.

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