Parallel Bible VersionsGreek Bible Study Tools

Luke 3:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Every valley shall be filled, And every mountain and hill shall be brought low; And the crooked shall become straight, And the rough ways smooth;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways [shall be] made smooth;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— ‘EVERY RAVINE WILL BE FILLED, AND EVERY MOUNTAIN AND HILL WILL BE BROUGHT LOW; THE CROOKED WILL BECOME STRAIGHT, AND THE ROUGH ROADS SMOOTH;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low; and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways [shall be] made smooth;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Every gorge shall be filled up, and every mountain and hill shall be brought low, and the crooked [places] shall become a straight [path], and the rough places smooth ways,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Every chasm, shall be filled up, and, every mountain and hill, be made low; and the, crooked, places shall become, straight, and the, rugged, places, smooth ways;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— every valley shall be filled, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall become straightness, and the rough become smooth ways;
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Every valley shall be filled and every mountain and hill shall be brought low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough ways plain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Euery valley shall be filled, and euery mountaine and hill shalbe brought low, and the crooked shall bee made straight, and the rough wayes shall be made smooth.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— All valleys shall be filled, And all mountains and heights be brought low, And the mound shall be a level (place), And the rough place a plain,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— All valleys shall be filled up, and all mountains and hills be lowered; and the hillock shall be levelled down, and the rough place become smooth.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
valley 5327
{5327} Prime
φάραγξ
pharagx
{far'-anx}
Properly strengthened from the base of G4008 or rather of G4486; a gap or chasm, that is, ravine (winter torrent).
shall be y2071
[2071] Standard
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
z5704
<5704> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 188
filled, 4137
{4137} Prime
πληρόω
pleroo
{play-ro'-o}
From G4134; to make replete, that is, (literally) to cram (a net), level up (a hollow), or (figuratively) to furnish (or imbue, diffuse, influence), satisfy, execute (an office), finish (a period or task), verify (or coincide with a prediction), etc.
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
every 3956
{3956} Prime
πᾶς
pas
{pas}
Including all the forms of declension; apparently a primary word; all, any, every, the whole.
mountain 3735
{3735} Prime
ὄρος
oros
{or'-os}
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
hill 1015
{1015} Prime
βουνός
bounos
{boo-nos'}
Probably of foreign origin; a hillock.
shall be brought low; 5013
{5013} Prime
ταπεινόω
tapeinoo
{tap-i-no'-o}
From G5011; to depress; figuratively to humiliate (in condition or heart).
z5701
<5701> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 251
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
crooked 4646
{4646} Prime
σκολιός
skolios
{skol-ee-os'}
From the base of G4628; warped, that is, winding; figuratively perverse.
shall be made y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
x2071
(2071) Complement
ἔσομαι
esomai
{es'-om-ahee}
Future tense of G1510; will be.
straight, 2117
{2117} Prime
εὐθύς
euthus
{yoo-thoos'}
Perhaps from G2095 and G5087; straight, that is, (literally) level, or (figuratively) true; adverbially (of time) at once.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
rough y5138
[5138] Standard
τραχύς
trachus
{trakh-oos'}
Perhaps strengthened from the base of G4486 (as if jagged by rents); uneven, rocky (reefy).
ways y3598
[3598] Standard
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
x5138
(5138) Complement
τραχύς
trachus
{trakh-oos'}
Perhaps strengthened from the base of G4486 (as if jagged by rents); uneven, rocky (reefy).
[shall be] x1519
(1519) Complement
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
x3598
(3598) Complement
ὁδός
hodos
{hod-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a road; by implication a progress (the route, act or distance); figuratively a mode or means.
made y1519
[1519] Standard
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
smooth; 3006
{3006} Prime
λεῖος
leios
{li'-os}
Apparently a primary word; smooth, that is, 'level'.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 3:5

_ _ Every valley, etc. — leveling and smoothing, obvious figures, the sense of which is in the first words of the proclamation, “Prepare ye the way of the Lord.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 3:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 3:5

Every valley shall be filled, &c. — That is, every hinderance shall be removed.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
valley:

Luke 1:51-53 He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the proud in the imagination of their hearts. ... He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.
Isaiah 2:11-17 The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day. ... And the loftiness of man shall be bowed down, and the haughtiness of men shall be made low: and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day.
Isaiah 35:6-8 Then shall the lame [man] leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert. ... And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it [shall be] for those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err [therein].
Isaiah 40:4 Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:
Isaiah 49:11 And I will make all my mountains a way, and my highways shall be exalted.
Isaiah 61:1-3 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound; ... To appoint unto them that mourn in Zion, to give unto them beauty for ashes, the oil of joy for mourning, the garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; that they might be called trees of righteousness, the planting of the LORD, that he might be glorified.
Ezekiel 17:24 And all the trees of the field shall know that I the LORD have brought down the high tree, have exalted the low tree, have dried up the green tree, and have made the dry tree to flourish: I the LORD have spoken and have done [it].
James 1:9 Let the brother of low degree rejoice in that he is exalted:

and the crooked:

Isaiah 42:16 And I will bring the blind by a way [that] they knew not; I will lead them in paths [that] they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
Isaiah 45:2 I will go before thee, and make the crooked places straight: I will break in pieces the gates of brass, and cut in sunder the bars of iron:
Hebrews 12:12-13 Wherefore lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees; ... And make straight paths for your feet, lest that which is lame be turned out of the way; but let it rather be healed.
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Is 2:11; 35:6; 40:4; 42:16; 45:2; 49:11; 61:1. Ezk 17:24. Lk 1:51. He 12:12. Jm 1:9.

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