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Luke 3:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— in the highpriesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, the word of God came to John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came to John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— in the high priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, [the] word of God came upon John, the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— in the High-priesthood of Annas and Caiaphas, came a word of God unto John the son, of Zechariah, in rue desert;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Annas and Caiaphas being chief priests—there came a word of God unto John the son of Zacharias, in the wilderness,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Under the high priests Anna and Caiphas: the word of the Lord was made unto John, the son of Zachary, in the desert.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Annas and Caiaphas being the high Priests, the word of God came vnto Iohn the sonne of Zacharias, in the wildernesse.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— in the high priesthood of Chanan and of Kaiopha, was the word of Aloha unto Juchanon bar Zakaria in the desert.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— in the high priesthood of Annas and of Caiaphas; the word of God was upon John the son of Zachariah, in the wilderness.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Annas 452
{0452} Prime
Ἅννας
Annas
{an'-nas}
Of Hebrew origin [H2608]; Annas (that is, G0367), an Israelite.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
Caiaphas 2533
{2533} Prime
Καϊάφας
Kaiaphas
{kah-ee-af'-as}
Of Chaldee origin; the dell; Caiaphas (that is, Cajepha), an Israelite.
being y1909
[1909] Standard
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the high priests, 749
{0749} Prime
ἀρχιερεύς
archiereus
{ar-khee-er-yuce'}
From G0746 and G2409; the high priest (literally of the Jews, typically Christ); by extension a chief priest.
x1909
(1909) Complement
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
the word 4487
{4487} Prime
ῥῆμα
rhema
{hray'-mah}
From G4483; an utterance (individually, collectively or specifically); by implication a matter or topic (especially of narration, command or dispute); with a negative naught whatever.
of God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
came 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
unto 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
John 2491
{2491} Prime
Ἰωάννης
Ioannes
{ee-o-an'-nace}
Of Hebrew origin [H3110]; Joannes (that is, Jochanan), the name of four Israelites.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
son 5207
{5207} Prime
υἱός
huios
{hwee-os'}
Apparently a primary word; a 'son' (sometimes of animals), used very widely of immediate, remote or figurative kinship.
of Zacharias 2197
{2197} Prime
Ζαχαρίας
Zacharias
{dzakh-ar-ee'-as}
Of Hebrew origin [H2148]; Zacharias (that is, Zechariah), the name of two Israelites.
in y1722
[1722] Standard
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
x2197
(2197) Complement
Ζαχαρίας
Zacharias
{dzakh-ar-ee'-as}
Of Hebrew origin [H2148]; Zacharias (that is, Zechariah), the name of two Israelites.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
wilderness. 2048
{2048} Prime
ἔρημος
eremos
{er'-ay-mos}
Of uncertain affinity; lonesome, that is, (by implication) waste (usually as a noun, G5561 being implied).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 3:1-2.


Luke 3:2

_ _ Annas and Caiaphas ... high priests — the former, though deposed, retained much of his influence, and, probably, as sagan or deputy, exercised much of the power of the high priesthood along with Caiaphas (John 18:13; Acts 4:6). Both Zadok and Abiathar acted as high priests in David’s time (2 Samuel 15:35), and it seems to have become the fixed practice to have two (2 Kings 25:18). (Also see on Matthew 3:1.)

_ _ word of God came unto JohnSuch formulas, of course, are never used when speaking of Jesus, because the divine nature manifested itself in Him not at certain isolated moments of His life. He was the one everlasting manifestation of the Godhead — THE WORD [Olshausen].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 3:1-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 3:2

Annas being high priest, and Caiaphas — There could be but one high priest, strictly speaking, at once. Annas was the high priest at that time, and Caiaphas his sagan or deputy.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 3:2

(a) Annas and Caiaphas being the high priests, the word of God came unto John the son of Zacharias in the wilderness.

(a) Josephus calls him Ananus.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Annas:

John 11:49-51 And one of them, [named] Caiaphas, being the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all, ... And this spake he not of himself: but being high priest that year, he prophesied that Jesus should die for that nation;
John 18:13-14 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year. ... Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.
John 18:24 Now Annas had sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.
Acts 4:6 And Annas the high priest, and Caiaphas, and John, and Alexander, and as many as were of the kindred of the high priest, were gathered together at Jerusalem.

the word:

Luke 1:59-63 And it came to pass, that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father. ... And he asked for a writing table, and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they marvelled all.
Jeremiah 1:2 To whom the word of the LORD came in the days of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, in the thirteenth year of his reign.
Jeremiah 2:1 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying,
Ezekiel 1:3 The word of the LORD came expressly unto Ezekiel the priest, the son of Buzi, in the land of the Chaldeans by the river Chebar; and the hand of the LORD was there upon him.
Hosea 1:1-2 The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel. ... The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, [departing] from the LORD.
Jonah 1:1 Now the word of the LORD came unto Jonah the son of Amittai, saying,
Micah 1:1 The word of the LORD that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, [and] Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.
Zephaniah 1:1 The word of the LORD which came unto Zephaniah the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hizkiah, in the days of Josiah the son of Amon, king of Judah.

in:

Luke 1:80 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts till the day of his shewing unto Israel.
Isaiah 40:3 The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the LORD, make straight in the desert a highway for our God.
Matthew 3:1 In those days came John the Baptist, preaching in the wilderness of Judaea,
Matthew 11:7 And as they departed, Jesus began to say unto the multitudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken with the wind?
Mark 1:3 The voice of one crying in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make his paths straight.
John 1:23 He said, I [am] the voice of one crying in the wilderness, Make straight the way of the Lord, as said the prophet Esaias.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 40:3. Jr 1:2; 2:1. Ezk 1:3. Ho 1:1. Jna 1:1. Mi 1:1. Zp 1:1. Mt 3:1; 11:7. Mk 1:3. Lk 1:59, 80. Jn 1:23; 11:49; 18:13, 24. Ac 4:6.

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