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Luke 23:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— But the other answered, and rebuking him said, Dost thou not even fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But the other answered, and rebuking him said, “Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— But the other answering, rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost *thou* too not fear God, thou that art under the same judgment?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But the other, answering, rebuked him, and said—Neither fearest, thou, God, in that thou art, in the same judgment?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the other answering, was rebuking him, saying, 'Dost thou not even fear God, that thou art in the same judgment?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But the other answering, rebuked him, saying: Neither dost thou fear God, seeing; thou art under the same condemnation?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— But the other answering, rebuked him, saying, Doest not thou feare God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And his companion rebuked him, and said to him, Dost thou not fear (even) Aloha? for thou also art in this judgment.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— But his fellow [Malefactor] rebuked him, said to him: Art thou not afraid even of God, seeing thou art under the same sentence?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
But 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
other 2087
{2087} Prime
ἕτερος
heteros
{het'-er-os}
Of uncertain affinity; (an-, the) other or different.
answering 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5679
<5679> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 164
rebuked 2008
{2008} Prime
ἐπιτιμάω
epitimao
{ep-ee-tee-mah'-o}
From G1909 and G5091; to tax upon, that is, censure or admonish; by implication forbid.
z5707
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
him, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Dost y5399
[5399] Standard
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3761
{3761} Prime
οὐδέ
oude
{oo-deh'}
From G3756 and G1161; not however, that is, neither, nor, not even.
thou 4771
{4771} Prime
σύ
su
{soo}
The personal pronoun of the second person singular; thou.
fear 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
z5736
<5736> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 618
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
seeing 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
thou art 1488
{1488} Prime
εῖ
ei
{i}
Second parson singular present of G1510; thou art.
z5748
<5748> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - No Voice Stated (See G5799)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 1612
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
same 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
condemnation? 2917
{2917} Prime
κρίμα
krima
{kree'-mah}
From G2919; a decision (the function or the effect, for or against ['crime']).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 23:40

_ _ Dost not thou — “thou” is emphatic: “Let others jeer, but dost thou?

_ _ fear God — Hast thou no fear of meeting Him so soon as thy righteous Judge? Thou art within an hour or two of eternity, and dost thou spend it in reckless disregard of coming judgment?

_ _ in the same condemnation — He has been condemned to die, but is it better with thee? Doth even a common lot kindle no sympathy in thy breast?

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 23:32-43.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 23:40

The other rebuked him — What a surprising degree was here of repentance, faith, and other graces! And what abundance of good works, in his public confession of his sin, reproof of his fellow criminal, his honourable testimony to Christ, and profession of faith in him, while he was in so disgraceful circumstances as were stumbling even to his disciples! This shows the power of Divine grace. But it encourages none to put off their repentance to the last hour; since, as far as appears, this was the first time this criminal had an opportunity of knowing any thing of Christ, and his conversion was designed to put a peculiar glory on our Saviour in his lowest state, while his enemies derided him, and his own disciples either denied or forsook him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
rebuked:

Leviticus 19:17 Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thine heart: thou shalt in any wise rebuke thy neighbour, and not suffer sin upon him.
Ephesians 5:11 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove [them].

Dost:

Luke 12:5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear: Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power to cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
Psalms 36:1 [[To the chief Musician, [A Psalm] of David the servant of the LORD.]] The transgression of the wicked saith within my heart, [that there is] no fear of God before his eyes.
Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

seeing:

2 Chronicles 28:22 And in the time of his distress did he trespass yet more against the LORD: this [is that] king Ahaz.
Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, [are] not thine eyes upon the truth? thou hast stricken them, but they have not grieved; thou hast consumed them, [but] they have refused to receive correction: they have made their faces harder than a rock; they have refused to return.
Revelation 16:11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.
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Lv 19:17. 2Ch 28:22. Ps 36:1. Jr 5:3. Lk 12:5. Ep 5:11. Rv 15:4; 16:11.

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