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Luke 23:31 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For if they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For if they do these things in a green tree, what will be done in the dry?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for if these things are done in the green tree, what shall take place in the dry?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because if, in moist wood, these things, they are doing,—in, the dry, what shall happen?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— for, if in the green tree they do these things—in the dry what may happen?'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For if in the green wood they do these things, what shall be done in the dry?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For if they doe these things in a green tree, what shalbe done in the drie?
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— For if to the tree which is good they do these things, unto the dry what shall be?
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For if they do these things in a green tree, what will be in the dry?

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
if 1487
{1487} Prime
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
they do 4160
{4160} Prime
ποιέω
poieo
{poy-eh'-o}
Apparently a prolonged form of an obsolete primary; to make or do (in a very wide application, more or less direct).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
these things 5023
{5023} Prime
ταῦτα
tauta
{tow'-tah}
Nomitive or accusative neuter plural of G3778; these things.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
a green 5200
{5200} Prime
ὑγρός
hugros
{hoo-gros'}
From the base of G5205; wet (as if with rain), that is, (by implication) sappy (fresh).
tree, 3586
{3586} Prime
ξύλον
xulon
{xoo'-lon}
From another form of the base of G3582; timber (as fuel or material); by implication a stick, club or tree or other wooden article or substance.
what 5101
{5101} Prime
τίς
tis
{tis}
Probably emphatic of G5100; an interrogitive pronoun, who, which or what (in direct or indirect questions).
shall be done 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5638
<5638> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 66
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
dry? 3584
{3584} Prime
ξηρός
xeros
{xay-ros'}
From the base of G3582 (through the idea of scorching); arid; by implication shrunken, earth (as opposed to water).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 23:27-31.


Luke 23:31

_ _ green tree — that naturally resists the fire.

_ _ the dry — that attracts the fire, being its proper fuel. The proverb here plainly means: “If such sufferings alight upon the innocent One, the very Lamb of God, what must be in store for those who are provoking the flames?”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 23:26-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 23:31

If they do these things in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry? — Our Lord makes use of a proverbial expression, frequent among the Jews, who compare a good man to a green tree, and a bad man to a dead one: as if he had said, If an innocent person suffer thus, what will become of the wicked? Of those who are as ready for destruction as dry wood for the fire?

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 23:31

For if they do these things in a (e) green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

(e) As if he said, "If they do this to me who is always fruitful and flourishing, and who lives forever by reason of my Godhead, what will they do to you who are unfruitful and void of all active righteousness?"

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Proverbs 11:31 Behold, the righteous shall be recompensed in the earth: much more the wicked and the sinner.
Jeremiah 25:29 For, lo, I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.
Ezekiel 15:2-7 Son of man, What is the vine tree more than any tree, [or than] a branch which is among the trees of the forest? ... And I will set my face against them; they shall go out from [one] fire, and [another] fire shall devour them; and ye shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I set my face against them.
Ezekiel 20:47-48 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. ... And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.
Ezekiel 21:3-4 And say to the land of Israel, Thus saith the LORD; Behold, I [am] against thee, and will draw forth my sword out of his sheath, and will cut off from thee the righteous and the wicked. ... Seeing then that I will cut off from thee the righteous and the wicked, therefore shall my sword go forth out of his sheath against all flesh from the south to the north:
Daniel 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined.
Matthew 3:12 Whose fan [is] in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.
John 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast [them] into the fire, and they are burned.
Hebrews 6:8 But that which beareth thorns and briers [is] rejected, and [is] nigh unto cursing; whose end [is] to be burned.
1 Peter 4:17-18 For the time [is come] that judgment must begin at the house of God: and if [it] first [begin] at us, what shall the end [be] of them that obey not the gospel of God? ... And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?
Jude 1:12 These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you, feeding themselves without fear: clouds [they are] without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Pv 11:31. Jr 25:29. Ezk 15:2; 20:47; 21:3. Dn 9:26. Mt 3:12. Jn 15:6. He 6:8. 1P 4:17. Jde 1:12.

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