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Luke 23:30 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Then they will begin TO SAY TO THE MOUNTAINS, ‘FALL ON US,’ AND TO THE HILLS, ‘COVER US.’
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall upon us; and to the hills, Cover us:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then, will they begin to say—unto the mountains, Fall upon us! and unto the hills, Cover us!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— then they shall begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us, and to the hills, Cover us;—
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Then shall they begin to say to the mountains: Fall upon us. And to the hills: Cover us.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Then shall they begin to say to the mountaines, Fall on vs, and to the hils, Couer vs.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us! and to the heights, Cover us!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Then will they begin to say to the mountains, Fall upon us! and to the hills, Cover us!

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Then 5119
{5119} Prime
τότε
tote
{tot'-eh}
From (the neuter of) G3588 and G3753; the when, that is, at the time that (of the past or future, also in consecution).
shall they begin 756
{0756} Prime
ἄρχομαι
archomai
{ar'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of G0757 (through the implication of precedence); to commence (in order of time).
z5698
<5698> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle (See G5785)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 33
to say 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5721
<5721> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 647
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
mountains, 3735
{3735} Prime
ὄρος
oros
{or'-os}
Probably from an obsolete word ὄρω [[oro]] (to rise or 'rear'; perhaps akin to G0142; compare G3733); a mountain (as lifting itself above the plain).
Fall 4098
{4098} Prime
πίπτω
pipto
{pip'-to}
The first is a reduplicated and contracted form of the second (which occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses); probably akin to G4072 through the idea of alighting; to fall (literally of figuratively).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
us; 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
hills, 1015
{1015} Prime
βουνός
bounos
{boo-nos'}
Probably of foreign origin; a hillock.
Cover 2572
{2572} Prime
καλύπτω
kalupto
{kal-oop'-to}
Akin to G2813 and G2928; to cover up (literally or figuratively).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
us. 2248
{2248} Prime
ἡμᾶς
hemas
{hay-mas'}
Accusative plural of G1473; us.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 23:27-31.


Luke 23:30

_ _ mountains ... hills, etc. — (Hosea 10:8), flying hither and thither as they did in despair for shelter, during the siege; a very slight premonition of cries of another and more awful kind (Isaiah 2:10, Isaiah 2:19, Isaiah 2:21; Revelation 6:16, Revelation 6:17).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 23:26-31.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 23:30

Hosea 10:8.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 2:19 And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the earth, for fear of the LORD, and for the glory of his majesty, when he ariseth to shake terribly the earth.
Hosea 10:8 The high places also of Aven, the sin of Israel, shall be destroyed: the thorn and the thistle shall come up on their altars; and they shall say to the mountains, Cover us; and to the hills, Fall on us.
Revelation 6:16 And said to the mountains and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
Revelation 9:6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Is 2:19. Ho 10:8. Rv 6:16; 9:6.

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