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Luke 22:63 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And the men that held [Jesus] mocked him, and beat him.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote [him].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the men who were holding Jesus in custody were mocking Him and beating Him,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And the men that held Jesus, mocked him, and smote [him].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And the men who held him mocked him, beating [him];
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, the men who held him bound, kept mocking him, with blows;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the men who were holding Jesus were mocking him, beating [him];
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And the men that held him mocked him and struck him.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And the men that helde Iesus, mocked him, and smote him.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And the men who held Jeshu mocked him, and veiled him,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the men who had taken Jesus, insulted him, and blinded him,

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
men 435
{0435} Prime
A primary word (compare G0444); a man (properly as an individual male).
that held 4912
{4912} Prime
From G4862 and G2192; to hold together, that is, to compress (the ears, with a crowd or siege) or arrest (a prisoner); figuratively to compel, perplex, afflict, preoccupy.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jesus 2424
{2424} Prime
Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites.
mocked 1702
{1702} Prime
From G1722 and G3815; to jeer at, that is, deride.
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
him, 846
{0846} Prime
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and smote 1194
{1194} Prime
A primary verb; properly to flay, that is, (by implication) to scourge, or (by analogy) to thrash.
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 22:63-71

_ _ Luke 22:63-71. Jesus condemned to die and shamefully entreated.

_ _ (See on Mark 14:53-63; see on John 18:19, etc.; and see Luke 22:55-62.)

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Luke 22:63-71

_ _ We are here told, as before in the other gospels,

_ _ I. How our Lord Jesus was abused by the servants of the high priest. The abjects, the rude and barbarous servants, gathered themselves together against him. They that held Jesus, that had him in custody till the court sat, they mocked him, and smote him (Luke 22:63), they would not allow him to repose himself one minute, though he had had no sleep all night, nor to compose himself, though he was hurried to his trial, and no time given him to prepare for it. They made sport with him: this sorrowful night to him shall be a merry night to them; and the blessed Jesus, like Samson, is made the fool in the play. They hood-winked him, and then, according to the common play that young people have among them, they struck him on the face, and continued to do so till he named the person that smote him (Luke 22:64), intending hereby an affront to his prophetical office, and that knowledge of secret things which he was said to have. We are not told that he said any thing, but bore every thing; hell was let loose, and he suffered it to do its worst. A greater indignity could not be done to the blessed Jesus, yet this was but one instance of many; for many other things blasphemously spoke they against him, Luke 22:65. They that condemned him for a blasphemer were themselves the vilest blasphemers that ever were.

_ _ II. How he was accused and condemned by the great sanhedrim, consisting of the elders of the people, the chief priests, and the scribes, who were all up betimes, and got together as soon as it was day, about five of the clock in the morning, to prosecute this matter. They were working this evil upon their beds, and, as soon as ever the morning was light, practised it, Micah 2:1. They would not have been up so early for any good work. It is but a short account that we have here of his trial in the ecclesiastical court.

_ _ 1. They ask him, Art thou the Christ? He was generally believed by his followers to be the Christ, but they could not prove it upon him that he had ever said so totidem verbis — in so many words, and therefore urge him to own it to them, Luke 22:67. If they had asked him this question with a willingness to admit that he was the Christ, and to receive him accordingly if he could give sufficient proof of his being so, it had been well, and might have been for ever well with them; but they asked it with a resolution not to believe him, but a design to ensnare him.

_ _ 2. He justly complained of their unfair and unjust usage of him, Luke 22:67, Luke 22:68. They all, as Jews, professed to expect the Messiah, and to expect him at this time. No other appeared, or had appeared, that pretended to be the Messiah. He had no competitor, nor was he likely to have any. He had given amazing proofs of a divine power going along with him, which made his claims very well worthy of a free and impartial enquiry. It had been but just for these leaders of the people to have taken him into their council, and examined him there as a candidate for the messiahship, not at the bar as a criminal. “But,” saith he, (1.) “If I tell you that I am the Christ, and give you ever such convincing proofs of it, you are resolved that you will not believe. Why should the cause be brought on before you who have already prejudged it, and are resolved, right or wrong, to run it down, and to condemn it?” (2.) “If I ask you what you have to object against the proofs I produce, you will not answer me.” Here he refers to their silence when he put a question to them, which would have led them to own his authority, Luke 20:5-7. They were neither fair judges, nor fair disputants; but, when they were pinched with an argument, would rather be silent than own their conviction: “You will neither answer me nor let me go; if I be not the Christ, you ought to answer the arguments with which I prove that I am; if I be, you ought to let me go; but you will do neither.”

_ _ 3. He referred them to his second coming, for the full proof of his being the Christ, to their confusion, since they would not now admit the proof of it, to their conviction (Luke 22:69): “Hereafter shall the Son of man sit, and be seen to sit, on the right hand of the power of God, and then you will not need to ask whether he be the Christ or no.”

_ _ 4. Hence they inferred that he set up himself as the Son of God, and asked him whether he were so or no (Luke 22:70): Art thou then the Son of God? He called himself the Son of man, referring to Daniel's vision of the Son of man that came near before the Ancient of days, Daniel 7:13, Daniel 7:14. But they understood so much as to know that if he was that Son of man, he was also the Son of God. And art thou so? By this it appears to have been the faith of the Jewish church that the Messiah should be both Son of man and Son of God.

_ _ 5. He owns himself to be the Son of God: Ye say that I am; that is, “I am, as ye say.” Compare Mark 14:62. Jesus said, I am. This confirms Christ's testimony concerning himself, that he was the Son of God, that he stood to it, when he knew he should suffer for standing to it.

_ _ 6. Upon this they ground his condemnation (Luke 22:71): What need we any further witness? It was true, they needed not any further witness to prove that he said he was the Son of God, they had it from his own mouth; but did they not need proof that he was not so, before they condemned him as a blasphemer for saying that he was so? Had they no apprehension that it was possible he might be so, and then what horrid guilt they should bring upon themselves in putting him to death? No, they know not, neither will they understand. They cannot think it possible that he should be the Messiah, though ever so evidently clothed with divine power and grace, if he appear not, as they expect, in worldly pomp and grandeur. Their eyes being blinded with the admiration of that, they rush on in this dangerous prosecution, as the horse into the battle.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 22:63

(20) And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote [him].

(20) Christ bore the shame that was due for our sins.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the men:

Matthew 26:59-68 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death; ... Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?
Mark 14:55-65 And the chief priests and all the council sought for witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none. ... And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
John 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying, Answerest thou the high priest so?


Job 16:9-10 He teareth [me] in his wrath, who hateth me: he gnasheth upon me with his teeth; mine enemy sharpeneth his eyes upon me. ... They have gaped upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.
Job 30:9-14 And now am I their song, yea, I am their byword. ... They came [upon me] as a wide breaking in [of waters]: in the desolation they rolled themselves [upon me].
Psalms 22:6-7 But I [am] a worm, and no man; a reproach of men, and despised of the people. ... All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, [saying],
Psalms 22:13 They gaped upon me [with] their mouths, [as] a ravening and a roaring lion.
Psalms 35:15-16 But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: [yea], the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew [it] not; they did tear [me], and ceased not: ... With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
Psalms 35:25 Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, We have swallowed him up.
Psalms 69:7-12 Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my face. ... They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I [was] the song of the drunkards.
Isaiah 49:7 Thus saith the LORD, the Redeemer of Israel, [and] his Holy One, to him whom man despiseth, to him whom the nation abhorreth, to a servant of rulers, Kings shall see and arise, princes also shall worship, because of the LORD that is faithful, [and] the Holy One of Israel, and he shall choose thee.
Isaiah 50:6-7 I gave my back to the smiters, and my cheeks to them that plucked off the hair: I hid not my face from shame and spitting. ... For the Lord GOD will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set my face like a flint, and I know that I shall not be ashamed.
Isaiah 52:14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
Isaiah 53:3 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.
Micah 5:1 Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.
Matthew 27:28-31 And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe. ... And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify [him].
Matthew 27:39-44 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, ... The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
Mark 15:16-20 And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band. ... And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.
Mark 15:27-32 And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left. ... Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.
1 Peter 2:23 Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed [himself] to him that judgeth righteously:
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Jb 16:9; 30:9. Ps 22:6, 13; 35:15, 25; 69:7. Is 49:7; 50:6; 52:14; 53:3. Mi 5:1. Mt 26:59; 27:28, 39. Mk 14:55; 15:16, 27. Jn 18:22. He 12:2. 1P 2:23.

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