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Luke 22:34 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, until thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And He said, “I say to you, Peter, the rooster will not crow today until you have denied three times that you know Me.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock will not crow this day, before thou wilt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he said, I tell thee, Peter, [the] cock shall not crow to-day before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, he, said: I tell thee, Peter—A cock will not crow this day, until, thrice, thou deny that thou knowest me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he said, 'I say to thee, Peter, a cock shall not crow to-day, before thrice thou mayest disown knowing me.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And he said: I say to thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, till thou thrice deniest that thou knowest me. And he said to them:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee said, I tell thee Peter, the cocke shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrise denie that thou knowest me.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Jeshu saith to him, I tell thee, Shemun, that the cock will not crow to-day, till three times thou hast denied that thou knowest me.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Jesus said to him: I tell thee, Simon, the cock will not crow this day, until thou hast three times denied that thou knowest me.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
he x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
I tell 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
thee, 4671
{4671} Prime
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
Peter, 4074
{4074} Prime
Πέτρος
Petros
{pet'-ros}
Apparently a primary word; a (piece of) rock (larger than G3037); as a name, Petrus, an apostle.
the cock 220
{0220} Prime
ἀλέκτωρ
alektor
{al-ek'-tore}
From ἀλέκω [[aleko]] (to ward off); a cock or male fowl.
shall y5455
[5455] Standard
φωνέω
phoneo
{fo-neh'-o}
From G5456; to emit a sound (animal, human or instrumental); by implication to address in words or by name, also in imitation.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
not 3364
{3364} Prime
οὐ με
ou me
{oo may}
That is, G3756 and G3361; a double negative strengthening the denial; not at all.
crow 5455
{5455} Prime
φωνέω
phoneo
{fo-neh'-o}
From G5456; to emit a sound (animal, human or instrumental); by implication to address in words or by name, also in imitation.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
this day, 4594
{4594} Prime
σήμερον
semeron
{say'-mer-on}
Neuter (as adverb) of a presumed compound of the article G3588 ('tau' changed to 'sigma') and G2250; on the (that is, this) day (or night current or just passed); genitively now (that is, at present, hitherto).
before x4250
(4250) Complement
πρίν
prin
{prin}
Adverb from G4253; prior, sooner.
that y4250
[4250] Standard
πρίν
prin
{prin}
Adverb from G4253; prior, sooner.
x2228
(2228) Complement

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
thou shalt y2228
[2228] Standard

e
{ay}
A primary particle of distinction between two connected terms; disjunctive, or; comparative, than.
thrice 5151
{5151} Prime
τρίς
tris
{trece}
Adverb from G5140; three times.
deny 533
{0533} Prime
ἀπαρνέομαι
aparneomai
{ap-ar-neh'-om-ahee}
From G0575 and G0720; to deny utterly, that is, disown, abstain.
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
that thou 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
knowest 1492
{1492} Prime
εἰδῶ
eido
{i-do'}
A primary verb; used only in certain past tenses, the others being borrowed from the equivalent, G3700 and G3708; properly to see (literally or figuratively); by implication (in the perfect only) to know.
z5760
<5760> Grammar
Tense - Perfect (See G5778)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Infinitive (See G5795)
Count - 30
me. 3165
{3165} Prime
μέ
me
{meh}
A shorter (and probably original) form of G1691; me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 22:31-34.


Luke 22:34

_ _ cock ... crow — “twice” (Mark 14:30).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 22:21-38.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 22:34

It shall not be the time of cock crowing this day — The common time of cock crowing (which is usually about three in the morning) probably did not come till after the cock which Peter heard had crowed twice, if not oftener.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the cock:

Matthew 26:34 Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.
Matthew 26:74 Then began he to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.
Mark 14:30 And Jesus saith unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this day, [even] in this night, before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice.
Mark 14:71-72 But he began to curse and to swear, [saying], I know not this man of whom ye speak. ... And the second time the cock crew. And Peter called to mind the word that Jesus said unto him, Before the cock crow twice, thou shalt deny me thrice. And when he thought thereon, he wept.
John 13:38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.
John 18:27 Peter then denied again: and immediately the cock crew.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Mt 26:34, 74. Mk 14:30, 71. Jn 13:38; 18:27.

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