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Luke 22:17 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide [it] among yourselves:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And when He had taken a cup [and] given thanks, He said, “Take this and share it among yourselves;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide [it] among yourselves.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And having received a cup, when he had given thanks he said, Take this and divide it among yourselves.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, accepting a cup, giving thanks, he said—Take this, and divide among yourselves;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And having taken a cup, having given thanks, he said, 'Take this and divide to yourselves,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And having taken the chalice, he gave thanks and said: Take and divide it among you.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And hee tooke the cup, and gaue thanks, and said, Take this, and diuide it among your selues.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And he took the cup, and praised, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— [And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said: Take this, and divide it among you.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he took 1209
{1209} Prime
δέχομαι
dechomai
{dekh'-om-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb; to receive (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z5666
<5666> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 88
the cup, 4221
{4221} Prime
ποτήριον
poterion
{pot-ay'-ree-on}
Neuter of a derivative of the alternate of G4095; a drinking vessel; by extension the contents thereof, that is, a cupful (draught); figuratively a lot or fate.
and gave thanks, 2168
{2168} Prime
εὐχαριστέω
eucharisteo
{yoo-khar-is-teh'-o}
From G2170; to be grateful, that is, (active) to express gratitude (towards); specifically to say grace at a meal.
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
and said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
Take 2983
{2983} Prime
λαμβάνω
lambano
{lam-ban'-o}
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G0138 is more violent, to seize or remove]).
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
this, 5124
{5124} Prime
τοῦτο
touto
{too'-to}
Neuter, singular, nomitive or accusative of G3778; that thing.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
divide 1266
{1266} Prime
διαμερίζω
diamerizo
{dee-am-er-id'-zo}
From G1223 and G3307; to partition thoroughly (literally in distribution, figuratively in dissension).
z5657
<5657> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 376
[it] among yourselves: 1438
{1438} Prime
ἑαυτοῦ
heautou
{heh-ow-too'}
(Including all the other cases); from a reflexive pronoun otherwise obsolete and the genitive (dative or accusative) of G0846; him (her, it, them, also [in conjunction with the personal pronoun of the other persons] my, thy, our, your) -self (-selves), etc.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 22:14-18.


Luke 22:17

_ _ took the cup — the first of several partaken of in this service.

_ _ divide it among, etc. — that is, It is to be your last as well as Mine, “until the Kingdom of God come,” or as it is beautifully given in Matthew 26:29, “until that day when I shall drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.” It was the point of transition between two economies and their two great festivals, the one about to close for ever, the other immediately to open and run its majestic career until from earth it be transferred to heaven.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 22:7-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 22:17

And he took the cup — That cup which used to be brought at the beginning of the paschal solemnity, and said, Take this and divide it among yourselves; for I will not drink — As if he had said, Do not expect me to drink of it: I will drink no more before I die.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
took:

Psalms 23:5 Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Psalms 116:13 I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the LORD.
Jeremiah 16:7 Neither shall [men] tear [themselves] for them in mourning, to comfort them for the dead; neither shall [men] give them the cup of consolation to drink for their father or for their mother.

gave:

Luke 22:19 And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake [it], and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.
Luke 9:16 Then he took the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed them, and brake, and gave to the disciples to set before the multitude.
Deuteronomy 8:10 When thou hast eaten and art full, then thou shalt bless the LORD thy God for the good land which he hath given thee.
1 Samuel 9:13 As soon as ye be come into the city, ye shall straightway find him, before he go up to the high place to eat: for the people will not eat until he come, because he doth bless the sacrifice; [and] afterwards they eat that be bidden. Now therefore get you up; for about this time ye shall find him.
Romans 14:6 He that regardeth the day, regardeth [it] unto the Lord; and he that regardeth not the day, to the Lord he doth not regard [it]. He that eateth, eateth to the Lord, for he giveth God thanks; and he that eateth not, to the Lord he eateth not, and giveth God thanks.
1 Timothy 4:4-5 For every creature of God [is] good, and nothing to be refused, if it be received with thanksgiving: ... For it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 8:10. 1S 9:13. Ps 23:5; 116:13. Jr 16:7. Lk 9:16; 22:19. Ro 14:6. 1Ti 4:4.

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User-Posted Comments on Luke 22:17


sharing the cup to me is take and share this cup, as everything he implemented was shared out of one container; example a basket of bread and a basket for fish was shared, the cup is full of the life of Christ which covers all our sins, one Lord and source from which is comes from, to realize the power of that cup where regardless of how many drink from this cup, it purifies all germs of ones hygiene phoebes. yes i wouldn't practice this outside this Holy sacred one time a year advent.
- chuck Farrow (4/13/2014 5:08:06 AM)
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