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Luke 22:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Now the Feast of Unleavened Bread, which is called the Passover, was approaching.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Now the feast of unleavened bread, which [is] called the passover, drew nigh,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And the feast of the unleavened bread, which is called a Passover, was drawing near.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And the feast of the unleavened food was coming nigh, that is called Passover,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Now the feast of unleavened bread, which is called the pasch, was at hand.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Now ye feast of vnleuened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passeouer.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— BUT the feast of the Phatiree, which is called Petscha, drew on.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And the feast of unleavened cakes, which is called the passover, drew near.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Now 1161
{1161} Prime
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
feast 1859
{1859} Prime
Of uncertain affinity; a festival.
of unleavened bread 106
{0106} Prime
From G0001 (as a negative particle) and G2219; unleavened, that is, (figuratively) uncorrupted; (in the neuter plural) specifically (by implication) the Passover week.
drew nigh, 1448
{1448} Prime
From G1451; to make near, that is, (reflexively) approach.
<5707> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 855
which is called 3004
{3004} Prime
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
<5746> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 360
the Passover. 3957
{3957} Prime
Of Chaldee origin (compare [H6453]); the Passover (the meal, the day, the festival or the special sacrifices connected with it).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 22:1-2

_ _ Luke 22:1-6. Conspiracy of the Jewish authorities to put Jesus to death — Compact with Judas.

_ _ (See Matthew 26:1-5.)

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Luke 22:1-6

_ _ The year of the redeemed is now come, which had been from eternity fixed in the divine counsels, and long looked for by them that waited for the consolation of Israel. After the revolutions of many ages, it is at length come, Isaiah 63:4. And, it is observable, it is in the very first month of that year that the redemption is wrought out, so much in haste was the Redeemer to perform his undertaking, so was he straitened till it was accomplished. It was in the same month, and at the same time of the month (in the beginning of months, Exodus 12:2), that God by Moses brought Israel out of Egypt, that the Antitype might answer the type. Christ is here delivered up, when the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, Luke 22:1. About as long before that feast as they began to make preparation for it, here was preparation making for our Passover's being offered for us. Here we have,

_ _ I. His sworn enemies contriving it (Luke 22:2), the chief priests, men of sanctity, and the scribes, men of learning, seeking how they might kill him, either by force of fraud. Could they have had their will, it had been soon done, but they feared the people, and the more for what they now saw of their diligent attendance upon his preaching.

_ _ II. A treacherous disciple joining in with them, and coming to their assistance, Judas surnamed Iscariot. He is here said to be of the number of the twelve, that dignified distinguished number. One would wonder that Christ, who knew all men, should take a traitor into that number, and that one of that number, who could not but know Christ, should be so base as to betray him; but Christ had wise and holy ends in taking Judas to be a disciple, and how he who knew Christ so well yet came to betray him we are here told: Satan entered into Judas, Luke 22:3. It was the devil's work, who thought hereby to ruin Christ's undertaking, to have broken his head; but it proved only the bruising of his heel. Whoever betrays Christ, or his truths or ways, it is Satan that puts them upon it. Judas knew how desirous the chief priests were to get Christ into their hands, and that they could not do it safely without the assistance of some that knew his retirements, as he did. He therefore went himself, and made the motion to them, Luke 22:4. Note, It is hard to say whether more mischief is done to Christ's kingdom by the power and policy of its open enemies, or by the treachery and self-seeking of its pretended friends: nay, without the latter its enemies could not gain their point as they do. When you see Judas communing with the chief priests, be sure some mischief is hatching; it is for no good that they are laying their heads together.

_ _ III. The issue of the treaty between them. 1. Judas must betray Christ to them, must bring them to a place where they might seize him without danger of tumult, and this they would be glad of. 2. They must give him a sum of money for doing it, and this he would be glad of (Luke 22:5): They covenanted to give him money. When the bargain was made, Judas sought opportunity to betray him. Probably, he slyly enquired of Peter and John, who were more intimate with their Master than he was, where he would be at such a time, and whither he would retire after the passover, and they were not sharp enough to suspect him. Somehow or other, in a little time he gained the advantage he sought, and fixed the time and place where it might be done, in the absence of the multitude, and without tumult.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes
Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 22:1

Now the (1) feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

(1) Christ is taken upon the day of the Passover rather by the providence of his Father, than by the will of men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Exodus 12:6-23 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. ... For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when he seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite [you].
Leviticus 23:5-6 In the fourteenth [day] of the first month at even [is] the LORD'S passover. ... And on the fifteenth day of the same month [is] the feast of unleavened bread unto the LORD: seven days ye must eat unleavened bread.
Matthew 26:2 Ye know that after two days is [the feast of] the passover, and the Son of man is betrayed to be crucified.
Mark 14:1-2 After two days was [the feast of] the passover, and of unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes sought how they might take him by craft, and put [him] to death. ... But they said, Not on the feast [day], lest there be an uproar of the people.
Mark 14:12 And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?
John 11:55-57 And the Jews' passover was nigh at hand: and many went out of the country up to Jerusalem before the passover, to purify themselves. ... Now both the chief priests and the Pharisees had given a commandment, that, if any man knew where he were, he should shew [it], that they might take him.
1 Corinthians 5:7-8 Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us: ... Therefore let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, neither with the leaven of malice and wickedness; but with the unleavened [bread] of sincerity and truth.
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Ex 12:6. Lv 23:5. Mt 26:2. Mk 14:1, 12. Jn 11:55. 1Co 5:7.

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