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Luke 20:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He will come and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard [it], they said, God forbid.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “He will come and destroy these vine-growers and will give the vineyard to others.” When they heard it, they said, “May it never be!”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He will come and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others. And when they heard [it], they said, may that never be.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He will come and destroy those husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it they said, May it never be!
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— He will come, and destroy these husbandmen, and give the vineyard unto others. But, when they heard it, they said—Far be it!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— He will come, and destroy these husbandmen, and will give the vineyard to others.' And having heard, they said, 'Let it not be!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He will come and will destroy these husbandmen and will give the vineyard to others. Which they hearing, said to him: God forbid.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Hee shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall giue the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, God forbid.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— He will come and destroy those husbandmen, and will give the vinery to others. But when they heard, they said, May this not be!
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He will come, and destroy those cultivators, and will lease the vineyard to others. And when they heard [it], they said: This shall not be.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He shall come 2064
{2064} Prime
ἔρχομαι
erchomai
{er'-khom-ahee}
Middle voice of a primary verb (used only in the present and imperfect tenses, the others being supplied by a kindred [middle voice] word, ἐλεύθομαι [[eleuthomai]], {el-yoo'-thom-ahee}; or [active] ἔλθω [[eltho]], {el'-tho}; which do not otherwise occur); to come or go (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z5695
<5695> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 271
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
destroy 622
{0622} Prime
ἀπόλλυμι
apollumi
{ap-ol'-loo-mee}
From G0575 and the base of G3639; to destroy fully (reflexively to perish, or lose), literally or figuratively.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
these 5128
{5128} Prime
τούτους
toutous
{too'-tooce}
Accusative plural masculine of G3778; these (persons, as object of verb or preposition).
husbandmen, 1092
{1092} Prime
γεωργός
georgos
{gheh-ore-gos'}
From G1093 and the base of G2041; a land worker, that is, farmer.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
shall give 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
vineyard 290
{0290} Prime
ἀμπελών
ampelon
{am-pel-ohn'}
From G0288; a vineyard.
to others. y243
[0243] Standard
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
x243
(0243) Complement
ἄλλος
allos
{al'-los}
A primary word; 'else', that is, different (in many applications).
when they heard 191
{0191} Prime
ἀκούω
akouo
{ak-oo'-o}
A primary verb; to hear (in various senses).
z5660
<5660> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 714
[it], they said, 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
God forbid. 3361
{3361} Prime
μή
me
{may}
A primary particle of qualified negation (whereas G3756 expresses an absolute denial); (adverbially) not, (conjugationally) lest; also (as interrogitive implying a negative answer [whereas G3756 expects an affirmative one]); whether.
1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5636
<5636> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Optative (See G5793)
Count - 18
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 20:16

_ _ He shall come, etc. — This answer was given by the Pharisees themselves (Matthew 21:41), thus pronouncing their own righteous doom. Matthew alone (Matthew 21:43) gives the naked application, that “the kingdom of God should be taken from them, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof” — the great evangelical community of the faithful, chiefly Gentiles.

_ _ God forbid — His whole meaning now bursting upon them.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 20:9-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 20:16

He will destroy these husbandmen — Probably he pointed to the scribes, chief priests, and elders: who allowed, he will miserably destroy those wicked men, Matthew 21:41; but could not bear that this should be applied to themselves. They might also mean, God forbid that we should be guilty of such a crime as your parable seems to charge us with, namely, rejecting and killing the heir. Our Saviour answers, But yet will ye do it, as is prophesied of you.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
destroy:

Luke 19:27 But those mine enemies, which would not that I should reign over them, bring hither, and slay [them] before me.
Psalms 2:8-9 Ask of me, and I shall give [thee] the heathen [for] thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth [for] thy possession. ... Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Psalms 21:8-10 Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. ... Their fruit shalt thou destroy from the earth, and their seed from among the children of men.
Matthew 21:41 They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out [his] vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.
Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard [thereof], he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
Acts 13:46 Then Paul and Barnabas waxed bold, and said, It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing ye put it from you, and judge yourselves unworthy of everlasting life, lo, we turn to the Gentiles.

shall give:

Nehemiah 9:36-37 Behold, we [are] servants this day, and [for] the land that thou gavest unto our fathers to eat the fruit thereof and the good thereof, behold, we [are] servants in it: ... And it yieldeth much increase unto the kings whom thou hast set over us because of our sins: also they have dominion over our bodies, and over our cattle, at their pleasure, and we [are] in great distress.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ne 9:36. Ps 2:8; 21:8. Mt 21:41; 22:7. Lk 19:27. Ac 13:46.

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