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Luke 2:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And an angel of the Lord stood by them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And an angel of the Lord suddenly stood before them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were terribly frightened.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And lo, the angel of the Lord came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them; and they were in great fear.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And lo, an angel of [the] Lord was there by them, and [the] glory of [the] Lord shone around them, and they feared [with] great fear.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, a messenger of the Lord, stood over them, and, a glory of the Lord, shone round about them; and they feared, a great fear.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and lo, a messenger of the Lord stood over them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they feared a great fear.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And behold an angel of the Lord stood by them and the brightness of God shone round about them: and they feared with a great fear.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And loe, the Angel of the Lord came vpon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them, and they were sore afraid.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And, behold, the angel of Aloha came to them, and the glory of the Lord shone upon them; and they feared with great fear.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And lo, the angel of God came to them, and the glory of the Lord shone upon them: and they feared with great fear.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And, 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
lo, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
the angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
of the Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
came upon 2186
{2186} Prime
ἐφίστημι
ephistemi
{ef-is'-tay-mee}
From G1909 and G2476; to stand upon, that is, be present (in various applications, friendly or otherwise, usually literally).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
the glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
of the Lord 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
shone round about 4034
{4034} Prime
περιλάμπω
perilampo
{per-ee-lam'-po}
From G4012 and G2989; to illuminate all around, that is, invest with a halo.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
them: 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
they were sore y3173
[3173] Standard
μέγας
megas
{meg'-as}
Including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη [[megale]], plural μέγάλοι [[megaloi]], etc.; compare also G3176, G3187], big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application).
afraid. 5399
{5399} Prime
φοβέω
phobeo
{fob-eh'-o}
From G5401; to frighten, that is, (passively) to be alarmed; by analogy to be in awe of, that is, revere.
5401
{5401} Prime
φόβος
phobos
{fob'-os}
From a primary φέβομαι [[phebomai]] (to be put in fear); alarm or fright.
z5675
<5675> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 79
x3173
(3173) Complement
μέγας
megas
{meg'-as}
Including the prolonged forms, feminine μεγάλη [[megale]], plural μέγάλοι [[megaloi]], etc.; compare also G3176, G3187], big (literally or figuratively, in a very wide application).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 2:9

_ _ glory of the Lord — “the brightness or glory which is represented as encompassing all heavenly visions” [Olshausen].

_ _ sore afraid — So it ever was (Daniel 10:7, Daniel 10:8; Luke 1:12; Revelation 1:17). Men have never felt easy with the invisible world laid suddenly open to their gaze. It was never meant to be permanent; a momentary purpose was all it was intended to serve.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 2:8-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 2:9

And, lo, the angel of the Lord (e) came upon them, and the glory of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.

(e) Came suddenly upon them, when they were not at all thinking about such a matter.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
lo:

Luke 1:11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.
Luke 1:28 And the angel came in unto her, and said, Hail, [thou that art] highly favoured, the Lord [is] with thee: blessed [art] thou among women.
Judges 6:11-12 And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which [was] in Ophrah, that [pertained] unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide [it] from the Midianites. ... And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, The LORD [is] with thee, thou mighty man of valour.
Matthew 1:20 But while he thought on these things, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.
Acts 27:23 For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve,
1 Timothy 3:16 And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: God was manifest in the flesh, justified in the Spirit, seen of angels, preached unto the Gentiles, believed on in the world, received up into glory.

and the:

Exodus 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what [are] we, that ye murmur against us?
Exodus 16:10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud.
Exodus 40:34-35 Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle. ... And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
1 Kings 8:11 So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD.
Isaiah 6:3 And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory.
Isaiah 35:2 It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, [and] the excellency of our God.
Isaiah 40:5 And the glory of the LORD shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see [it] together: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken [it].
Isaiah 60:1 Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.
Ezekiel 3:23 Then I arose, and went forth into the plain: and, behold, the glory of the LORD stood there, as the glory which I saw by the river of Chebar: and I fell on my face.
John 12:41 These things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.
2 Corinthians 3:18 But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, [even] as by the Spirit of the Lord.
2 Corinthians 4:6 For God, who commanded the light to shine out of darkness, hath shined in our hearts, to [give] the light of the knowledge of the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
Revelation 18:1 And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory.

and they:

Luke 1:12 And when Zacharias saw [him], he was troubled, and fear fell upon him.
Isaiah 6:4-5 And the posts of the door moved at the voice of him that cried, and the house was filled with smoke. ... Then said I, Woe [is] me! for I am undone; because I [am] a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts.
Acts 22:6-9 And it came to pass, that, as I made my journey, and was come nigh unto Damascus about noon, suddenly there shone from heaven a great light round about me. ... And they that were with me saw indeed the light, and were afraid; but they heard not the voice of him that spake to me.
Acts 26:13-14 At midday, O king, I saw in the way a light from heaven, above the brightness of the sun, shining round about me and them which journeyed with me. ... And when we were all fallen to the earth, I heard a voice speaking unto me, and saying in the Hebrew tongue, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me? [it is] hard for thee to kick against the pricks.
Hebrews 12:21 And so terrible was the sight, [that] Moses said, I exceedingly fear and quake:)
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 16:7, 10; 40:34. Jg 6:11. 1K 8:11. Is 6:3, 4; 35:2; 40:5; 60:1. Ezk 3:23. Mt 1:20. Lk 1:11, 12, 28. Jn 12:41. Ac 22:6; 26:13; 27:23. 2Co 3:18; 4:6. 1Ti 3:16. He 12:21. Rv 18:1; 20:11.

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