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Luke 2:42 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And when he was twelve years old, they went up after the custom of the feast;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And when He became twelve, they went up [there] according to the custom of the Feast;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem according to the custom of the feast.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And when he was twelve years old, and they went up [to Jerusalem] according to the custom of the feast
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, when he became twelve years, and they went up, according to the custom of the feast,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and when he became twelve years old, they having gone up to Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And when he was twelve years old, they going up into Jerusalem, according to the custom of the feast,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And when he was twelue yeeres old, they went vp to Hierusalem, after the custome of the feast.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— AND when he was a son of twelve years, they went up, as they were used, to the festival.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And when he was twelve years old, they went up to the feast, as they were accustomed.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
when 3753
{3753} Prime
ὅτε
hote
{hot'-eh}
From G3739 and G5037; at which (thing) too, that is, when.
he was 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
twelve y1427
[1427] Standard
δώδεκα
dodeka
{do'-dek-ah}
From G1417 and G1176; two and ten, that is, a dozen.
years old, 2094
{2094} Prime
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
x1427
(1427) Complement
δώδεκα
dodeka
{do'-dek-ah}
From G1417 and G1176; two and ten, that is, a dozen.
they 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
went up 305
{0305} Prime
ἀναβαίνω
anabaino
{an-ab-ah'-ee-no}
From G0303 and the base of G0939; to go up (literally or figuratively).
z5631
<5631> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 889
to 1519
{1519} Prime
εἰς
eis
{ice}
A primary preposition; to or into (indicating the point reached or entered), of place, time, or (figuratively) purpose (result, etc.); also in adverbial phrases.
Jerusalem 2414
{2414} Prime
Ἱεροσόλυμα
Hierosoluma
{hee-er-os-ol'-oo-mah}
Of Hebrew origin [H3389]; Hierosolyma (that is, Jerushalaim), the capital of Palestine.
after 2596
{2596} Prime
κατά
kata
{kat-ah'}
A primary particle; (preposition) down (in place or time), in varied relations (according to the case [genitive, dative or accusative] with which it is joined).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
custom 1485
{1485} Prime
ἔθος
ethos
{eth'-os}
From G1486; a usage (prescribed by habit or law).
of the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
feast. 1859
{1859} Prime
ἑορτή
heorte
{heh-or-tay'}
Of uncertain affinity; a festival.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 2:42

_ _ went up — “were wont to go.” Though males only were required to go up to Jerusalem at the three annual festivals (Exodus 23:14-17), devout women, when family duties permitted, went also, as did Hannah (1 Samuel 1:7), and, as we here see, the mother of Jesus.

_ _ when twelve years old — At this age every Jewish boy was styled “a son of the law,” being put under a course of instruction and trained to fasting and attendance on public worship, besides being set to learn a trade. At this age accordingly our Lord is taken up for the first time to Jerusalem, at the passover season, the chief of the three annual festivals. But oh, with what thoughts and feelings must this Youth have gone up! Long ere He beheld it, He had doubtless “loved the habitation of God’s house and the place where His honor dwelt” (Psalms 26:8), a love nourished, we may be sure, by that “word hid in His heart,” with which in afterlife He showed so perfect a familiarity. As the time for His first visit approached, could one’s ear have caught the breathings of His young soul, he might have heard Him whispering, “As the hart panteth after the water brooks, so panteth my soul after Thee, O God. The Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. I was glad when they said unto me, Let us go unto the house of the Lord. Our feet shall stand within thy gates, O Jerusalem!” (Psalms 42:1; Psalms 87:2; Psalms 122:1, Psalms 122:2). On catching the first view of “the city of their solemnities,” and high above all in it, “the place of God’s rest,” we hear Him saying to Himself, “Beautiful for situation, the joy of the whole earth is Mount Zion, on the sides of the north, the city of the great King: Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God doth shine” (Psalms 48:2; Psalms 50:2). Of His feelings or actions during all the eight days of the feast not a word is said. As a devout child, in company with its parents, He would go through the services, keeping His thoughts to Himself. But methinks I hear Him, after the sublime services of that feast, saying to Himself, “He brought me to the banqueting house, and his banner over me was love. I sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste” (Song of Songs 2:3, Song of Songs 2:4).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 2:41-52.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

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Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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