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Luke 2:37 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— and she had been a widow even unto fourscore and four years), who departed not from the temple, worshipping with fastings and supplications night and day.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— and then as a widow to the age of eighty-four. She never left the temple, serving night and day with fastings and prayers.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And she [was] a widow of about eighty four years, who departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— and herself a widow up to eighty-four years; who did not depart from the temple, serving night and day with fastings and prayers;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— and, she, had been a widow for as long as eighty-four years,—who left not the temple, with fastings and supplications, rendering divine service night and day;—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and she [is] a widow of about eighty-four years, who did depart not from the temple, with fasts and supplications serving, night and day,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And she was a widow until fourscore and four years: who departed not from the temple, by fastings and prayers serving night and day.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And she was a widow of about fourescore and foure yeeres, which departed not from the Temple, but serued [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And she was a widow as of years eighty and four, and she removed not from the temple, and with fasting and with prayer she worshipped in the day and in the night.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— and was a widow of about eighty and four years, and departed not from the temple, but worshipped by day and by night with fasting and prayer;

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
she 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
[was] a widow 5503
{5503} Prime
χήρα
chera
{khay'-rah}
Feminine of a presumed derivation apparently from the base of G5490 through the idea of deficiency; a widow (as lacking a husband), literally or figuratively.
of about 5613
{5613} Prime
ὡς
hos
{hoce}
Probably adverb of comparative from G3739; which how, that is, in that manner (very variously used as shown).
fourscore y3589
[3589] Standard
ὀγδοήκοντα
ogdoekonta
{og-do-ay'-kon-tah}
From G3590; ten times eight.
and four 5064
{5064} Prime
τέσσαρες
tessares
{tes'-sar-es}
Neuter and a plural number; four.
x3589
(3589) Complement
ὀγδοήκοντα
ogdoekonta
{og-do-ay'-kon-tah}
From G3590; ten times eight.
years, 2094
{2094} Prime
ἔτος
etos
{et'-os}
Apparently a primary word; a year.
which 3739
{3739} Prime
ὅς
hos
{hos}
Probably a primary word (or perhaps a form of the article G3588); the relative (sometimes demonstrative) pronoun, who, which, what, that.
departed 868
{0868} Prime
ἀφίστημι
aphistemi
{af-is'-tay-mee}
From G0575 and G2476; to remove, that is, (actively) instigate to revolt; usually (reflexively) to desist, desert, etc.
z5711
<5711> Grammar
Tense - Imperfect (See G5775)
Voice - Middle or Passive Deponent (See G5790)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 184
not 3756
{3756} Prime
οὐ
ou
{oo}
A primary word; the absolutely negative (compare G3361) adverb; no or not.
from 575
{0575} Prime
ἀπό
apo
{ap-o'}
A primary particle; 'off', that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
temple, 2411
{2411} Prime
ἱερόν
hieron
{hee-er-on'}
Neuter of G2413; a sacred place, that is, the entire precincts (whereas G3485 denotes the central sanctuary itself) of the Temple (at Jerusalem or elsewhere).
but served 3000
{3000} Prime
λατρεύω
latreuo
{lat-ryoo'-o}
From λάτρις [[latris]] (a hired menial); to minister (to God), that is, render religious homage.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
[God] with fastings 3521
{3521} Prime
νηστεία
nesteia
{nace-ti'-ah}
From G3522; abstinence (from lack of food, or voluntary and religious); specifically the fast of the Day of Atonement.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
prayers 1162
{1162} Prime
δέησις
deesis
{deh'-ay-sis}
From G1189; a petition.
night 3571
{3571} Prime
νύξ
nux
{noox}
A primary word; 'night' (literally or figuratively).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
day. 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 2:37

_ _ departed not from the temple — was found there at all stated hours of the day, and even during the night services of the temple watchmen (Psalms 134:1, Psalms 134:2), “serving God with fastings and prayer.” (See 1 Timothy 5:5, suggested by this.)

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 2:25-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 2:37

Fourscore and four years — These were the years of her life, not her widowhood only. Who departed not from the temple — Who attended there at all the stated hours of prayer. But served God with fastings and prayers — Even at that age. Night and day — That is, spending therein a considerable part of the night, as well as of the day.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
which:

Exodus 38:8 And he made the laver [of] brass, and the foot of it [of] brass, of the lookingglasses of [the women] assembling, which assembled [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.
1 Samuel 2:2 [There is] none holy as the LORD: for [there is] none beside thee: neither [is there] any rock like our God.
Psalms 23:6 Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: and I will dwell in the house of the LORD for ever.
Psalms 27:4 One [thing] have I desired of the LORD, that will I seek after; that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD, and to enquire in his temple.
Psalms 84:4 Blessed [are] they that dwell in thy house: they will be still praising thee. Selah.
Psalms 84:10 For a day in thy courts [is] better than a thousand. I had rather be a doorkeeper in the house of my God, than to dwell in the tents of wickedness.
Psalms 92:13 Those that be planted in the house of the LORD shall flourish in the courts of our God.
Psalms 135:1-2 Praise ye the LORD. Praise ye the name of the LORD; praise [him], O ye servants of the LORD. ... Ye that stand in the house of the LORD, in the courts of the house of our God,
Revelation 3:12 Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, [which is] new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and [I will write upon him] my new name.

but:

Psalms 22:2 O my God, I cry in the daytime, but thou hearest not; and in the night season, and am not silent.
Acts 26:7 Unto which [promise] our twelve tribes, instantly serving [God] day and night, hope to come. For which hope's sake, king Agrippa, I am accused of the Jews.
1 Timothy 5:5 Now she that is a widow indeed, and desolate, trusteth in God, and continueth in supplications and prayers night and day.
Revelation 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 38:8. 1S 2:2. Ps 22:2; 23:6; 27:4; 84:4, 10; 92:13; 135:1. Ac 26:7. 1Ti 5:5. Rv 3:12; 7:15.

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