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Luke 2:14 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace among men in whom he is well pleased.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will toward men.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “Glory to God in the highest, And on earth peace among men with whom He is pleased.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good will towards men.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good pleasure in men.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Glory, in the highest, unto God! And, on earth, peace, among men of goodwill.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Glory in the highest to God, and upon earth peace, among men—good will.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Glory to God in the highest: and on earth peace to men of good will.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, good wil towards men.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— Glory to Aloha in the heights, and upon earth peace and good hope for the sons of men.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— Glory to God in the highest [heavens], and on earth peace and good hope for men.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Glory 1391
{1391} Prime
δόξα
doxa
{dox'-ah}
From the base of G1380; glory (as very apparent), in a wide application (literally or figuratively, objectively or subjectively).
to God 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
in 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
the highest, 5310
{5310} Prime
ὕψιστος
hupsistos
{hoop'-sis-tos}
Superlative from the base of G5311; highest, that is, (masculine singular) the Supreme (God), or (neuter plural) the heavens.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
on 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
earth 1093
{1093} Prime
γῆ
ge
{ghay}
Contracted from a primary word; soil; by extension a region, or the solid part or the whole of the terrene globe (including the occupants in each application).
peace, 1515
{1515} Prime
εἰρήνη
eirene
{i-ray'-nay}
Probably from a primary verb εἴρω [[eiro]] (to join); peace (literally or figuratively); by implication prosperity.
good will 2107
{2107} Prime
εὐδοκία
eudokia
{yoo-dok-ee'-ah}
From a presumed compound of G2095 and the base of G1380; satisfaction, that is, (subjectively) delight, or (objectively) kindness, wish, purpose.
toward 1722
{1722} Prime
ἐν
en
{en}
A primary preposition denoting (fixed) position (in place, time or state), and (by implication) instrumentality (medially or constructively), that is, a relation of rest (intermediate between G1519 and G1537); 'in', at, (up-) on, by, etc.
men. 444
{0444} Prime
ἄνθρωπος
anthropos
{anth'-ro-pos}
From G0435 and ὤψ [[ops]] (the countenance; from G3700); manfaced, that is, a human being.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 2:14

_ _ Glory, etc. — brief but transporting hymn — not only in articulate human speech, for our benefit, but in tunable measure, in the form of a Hebrew parallelism of two complete clauses, and a third one only amplifying the second, and so without a connecting “and.” The “glory to God,” which the new-born “Savior” was to bring, is the first note of this sublime hymn: to this answers, in the second clause, the “peace on earth,” of which He was to be “the Prince” (Isaiah 9:6) — probably sung responsively by the celestial choir; while quickly follows the glad echo of this note, probably by a third detachment of the angelic choristers — “good will to men.” “They say not, glory to God in heaven, where angels are, but, using a rare expression, “in the highest [heavens],” whither angels aspire not,” (Hebrews 1:3, Hebrews 1:4) [Bengel]. “Peace” with God is the grand necessity of a fallen world. To bring in this, and all other peace in its train, was the prime errand of the Savior to this earth, and, along with it, Heaven’s whole “good will to men” — the divine complacency on a new footing — descends to rest upon men, as upon the Son Himself, in whom God is “well-pleased.” (Matthew 3:17, the same word as here.)

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 2:8-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 2:14

Glory be to God in the highest; on earth peace; good will toward men — The shouts of the multitude are generally broken into short sentences. This rejoicing acclamation strongly represents the piety and benevolence of these heavenly spirits: as if they had said, Glory be to God in the highest heavens: let all the angelic legions resound his praises. For with the Redeemer's birth, peace, and all kind of happiness, come down to dwell on earth: yea, the overflowings of Divine good will and favour are now exercised toward men.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 2:14

Glory to God in the highest, and on earth peace, (g) good will toward men.

(g) God's ready, good, infinite, and gracious favour towards men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Glory:

Luke 19:38 Saying, Blessed [be] the King that cometh in the name of the Lord: peace in heaven, and glory in the highest.
Psalms 69:34-35 Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein. ... For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession.
Psalms 85:9-12 Surely his salvation [is] nigh them that fear him; that glory may dwell in our land. ... Yea, the LORD shall give [that which is] good; and our land shall yield her increase.
Psalms 96:11-13 Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof. ... Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth.
Isaiah 44:23 Sing, O ye heavens; for the LORD hath done [it]: shout, ye lower parts of the earth: break forth into singing, ye mountains, O forest, and every tree therein: for the LORD hath redeemed Jacob, and glorified himself in Israel.
Isaiah 49:13 Sing, O heavens; and be joyful, O earth; and break forth into singing, O mountains: for the LORD hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted.
John 17:4 I have glorified thee on the earth: I have finished the work which thou gavest me to do.
Ephesians 1:6 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he hath made us accepted in the beloved.
Ephesians 3:20-21 Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us, ... Unto him [be] glory in the church by Christ Jesus throughout all ages, world without end. Amen.
Philippians 2:11 And [that] every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ [is] Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
Revelation 5:13 And every creature which is in heaven, and on the earth, and under the earth, and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, heard I saying, Blessing, and honour, and glory, and power, [be] unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever.

and:

Luke 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and [in] the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.
Isaiah 9:6-7 For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace. ... Of the increase of [his] government and peace [there shall be] no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.
Isaiah 57:19 I create the fruit of the lips; Peace, peace to [him that is] far off, and to [him that is] near, saith the LORD; and I will heal him.
Jeremiah 23:5-6 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. ... In his days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this [is] his name whereby he shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Micah 5:5 And this [man] shall be the peace, when the Assyrian shall come into our land: and when he shall tread in our palaces, then shall we raise against him seven shepherds, and eight principal men.
Zechariah 6:12-13 And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name [is] The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD: ... Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
John 14:27 Peace I leave with you, my peace I give unto you: not as the world giveth, give I unto you. Let not your heart be troubled, neither let it be afraid.
Acts 10:36 The word which [God] sent unto the children of Israel, preaching peace by Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:)
Romans 5:1 Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2 Corinthians 5:18-20 And all things [are] of God, who hath reconciled us to himself by Jesus Christ, and hath given to us the ministry of reconciliation; ... Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech [you] by us: we pray [you] in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.
Ephesians 2:14-18 For he is our peace, who hath made both one, and hath broken down the middle wall of partition [between us]; ... For through him we both have access by one Spirit unto the Father.
Colossians 1:20 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, [I say], whether [they be] things in earth, or things in heaven.
Hebrews 13:20-21 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant, ... Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is wellpleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ; to whom [be] glory for ever and ever. Amen.

good:

John 3:16 For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Ephesians 2:4 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love wherewith he loved us,
Ephesians 2:7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in [his] kindness toward us through Christ Jesus.
2 Thessalonians 2:16 Now our Lord Jesus Christ himself, and God, even our Father, which hath loved us, and hath given [us] everlasting consolation and good hope through grace,
Titus 3:4-7 But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, ... That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
1 John 4:9-10 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him. ... Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 69:34; 85:9; 96:11. Is 9:6; 44:23; 49:13; 57:19. Jr 23:5. Mi 5:5. Zc 6:12. Lk 1:79; 19:38. Jn 3:16; 14:27; 17:4. Ac 10:36. Ro 5:1. 2Co 5:18. Ep 1:6; 2:4, 7, 14; 3:20. Php 2:11. Col 1:20. 2Th 2:16. Tit 3:4. He 13:20. 1Jn 4:9. Rv 5:13.

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