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Luke 2:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— And suddenly there appeared with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God and saying,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God and saying,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And, suddenly, there came to be, with the messenger, the throng of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And suddenly there came with the messenger a multitude of the heavenly host, praising God, and saying,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly army, praising God and saying:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And suddenly there was with the Angel a multitude of the heauenly hoste praising God, and saying,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— And instantly there were seen with the angel many hosts of the heavens, glorifying Aloha, and saying,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And instantly there were seen with the angel, the many hosts of heaven, praising God, and saying:

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
suddenly 1810
{1810} Prime
ἐξαίφνης
exaiphnes
{ex-ah'-eef-nace}
From G1537 and the base of G0160; of a sudden (unexpectedly).
there was 1096
{1096} Prime
γίνομαι
ginomai
{ghin'-om-ahee}
A prolonged and middle form of a primary verb; to cause to be ('gen' -erate), that is, (reflexively) to become (come into being), used with great latitude (literally, figuratively, intensively, etc.).
z5633
<5633> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 260
with 4862
{4862} Prime
σύν
sun
{soon}
A primary preposition denoting union; with or together (but much closer than G3326 or G3844), that is, by association, companionship, process, resemblance, possession, instrumentality, addition, etc.
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
angel 32
{0032} Prime
ἄγγελος
aggelos
{ang'-el-os}
From ἀγγέλλω [[aggello]] (probably derived from G0071; compare G0034; to bring tidings); a messenger; especially an 'angel'; by implication a pastor.
a multitude 4128
{4128} Prime
πλῆθος
plethos
{play'-thos}
From G4130; a fulness, that is, a large number, throng, populace.
of the heavenly 3770
{3770} Prime
οὐράνιος
ouranios
{oo-ran'-ee-os}
From G3772; celestial, that is, belonging to or coming from the sky.
host 4756
{4756} Prime
στρατιά
stratia
{strat-ee'-ah}
Feminine of a derivative of στρατός [[stratos]] (an army; from the base of G4766, as encamped); camp likeness, that is, an army, that is, (figuratively) the angels, the celestial luminaries.
praising 134
{0134} Prime
αἰνέω
aineo
{ahee-neh'-o}
From G0136; to praise (God).
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
God, 2316
{2316} Prime
θεός
theos
{theh'-os}
Of uncertain affinity; a deity, especially (with G3588) the supreme Divinity; figuratively a magistrate; by Hebraism very.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
saying, 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 2:13

_ _ suddenly — as if only waiting till their fellow had done.

_ _ with the angel — who retires not, but is joined by others, come to seal and to celebrate the tidings he has brought.

_ _ heavenly host — or “army,” an army celebrating peace! [Bengel] “transferring the occupation of their exalted station to this poor earth, which so seldom resounds with the pure praise of God” [Olshausen]; to let it be known how this event is regarded in heaven and should be regarded on earth.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 2:8-20.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 2:13

And suddenly there was with the angel (f) a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying,

(f) Whole armies of angels, who compass the majesty of God round about, just as soldiers, as it were.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
a multitude:

Genesis 28:12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it.
Genesis 32:1-2 And Jacob went on his way, and the angels of God met him. ... And when Jacob saw them, he said, This [is] God's host: and he called the name of that place Mahanaim.
1 Kings 22:19 And he said, Hear thou therefore the word of the LORD: I saw the LORD sitting on his throne, and all the host of heaven standing by him on his right hand and on his left.
Job 38:7 When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?
Psalms 68:17 The chariots of God [are] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as in] Sinai, in the holy [place].
Psalms 103:20-21 Bless the LORD, ye his angels, that excel in strength, that do his commandments, hearkening unto the voice of his word. ... Bless ye the LORD, all [ye] his hosts; [ye] ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
Psalms 148:2 Praise ye him, all his angels: praise ye him, all his hosts.
Isaiah 6:2-3 Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. ... And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, [is] the LORD of hosts: the whole earth [is] full of his glory.
Ezekiel 3:12 Then the spirit took me up, and I heard behind me a voice of a great rushing, [saying], Blessed [be] the glory of the LORD from his place.
Daniel 7:10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
Luke 15:10 Likewise, I say unto you, there is joy in the presence of the angels of God over one sinner that repenteth.
Ephesians 3:10 To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly [places] might be known by the church the manifold wisdom of God,
Hebrews 1:14 Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
Revelation 5:11 And I beheld, and I heard the voice of many angels round about the throne and the beasts and the elders: and the number of them was ten thousand times ten thousand, and thousands of thousands;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 28:12; 32:1. 1K 22:19. Jb 38:7. Ps 68:17; 103:20; 148:2. Is 6:2. Ezk 3:12. Dn 7:10. Lk 15:10. Ep 3:10. He 1:14. 1P 1:12. Rv 5:11.

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