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Luke 19:8 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wrongfully exacted aught of any man, I restore fourfold.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore [him] fourfold.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Zaccheus stopped and said to the Lord, “Behold, Lord, half of my possessions I will give to the poor, and if I have defrauded anyone of anything, I will give back four times as much.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And Zaccheus stood, and said to the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore [him] four-fold.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— But Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor, and if I have taken anything from any man by false accusation, I return [him] fourfold.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— But, taking his stand, Zacchaeus said unto the Lord—Lo! the half of my possessions, Lord, unto the destitute, I give; and, if, from anyone, I have taken aught by false accusation, I give back fourfold.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And Zaccheus having stood, said unto the Lord, 'Lo, the half of my goods, sir, I give to the poor, and if of any one anything I did take by false accusation, I give back fourfold.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— But Zacheus standing, said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have wronged any man of any thing, I restore him fourfold.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And Zacheus stood, and said vnto the Lord, Behold, Lord, the halfe of my goods I giue to the poore, & if I haue taken any thing from any man by false accusation, I restore him foure fold.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But Zakai stood, and said to Jeshu, Behold, my Lord, the dividing of my wealth give I to the poor; and to every man, whatever I have wrongfully taken, fourfold I restore.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— And Zaccheus stood up, and said to Jesus: Behold, my Lord, the half of my riches I give to the poor; and to every man, whom I have wronged in any thing, I restore fourfold.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 1161
{1161} Prime
δέ
de
{deh}
A primary particle (adversative or continuative); but, and, etc.
Zacchaeus 2195
{2195} Prime
Ζακχαῖος
Zakchaios
{dzak-chah'-ee-yos}
Of Hebrew origin (compare [H2140]); Zacchaeus, an Israelite.
stood, 2476
{2476} Prime
ἵστημι
histemi
{his'-tay-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary word στάω [[stao]], {stah'-o} (of the same meaning, and used for it in certain tenses); to stand (transitively or intransitively), used in various applications (literally or figuratively).
z5685
<5685> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive (See G5786)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 215
and said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto 4314
{4314} Prime
πρός
pros
{pros}
A strengthened form of G4253; a preposition of direction; forward to, that is, toward (with the genitive case the side of, that is, pertaining to; with the dative case by the side of, that is, near to; usually with the accusative case the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, that is, whither or for which it is predicated).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
Lord; 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
Behold, 2400
{2400} Prime
ἰδού
idou
{id-oo'}
Second person singular imperative middle voice of G1492; used as imperative lo!.
z5628
<5628> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Imperative (See G5794)
Count - 459
Lord, 2962
{2962} Prime
κύριος
kurios
{koo'-ree-os}
From κῦρος [[kuros]] (supremacy); supreme in authority, that is, (as noun) controller; by implication Mr. (as a respectful title).
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
half 2255
{2255} Prime
ἡμίσου
hemisu
{hay'-mee-soo}
Neuter of a derivative from an inseparable prefix akin to G0260 (through the idea of partition involved in connection) and meaning semi-; (as noun) half.
of my 3450
{3450} Prime
μοῦ
mou
{moo}
The simpler from of G1700; of me.
goods 5224
{5224} Prime
ὑπάρχοντα
huparchonta
{hoop-ar'-khon-tah}
Neuter plural of present participle active of G5225 as noun; things extant or in hand, that is, property or possessions.
z5723
<5723> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 2549
I give 1325
{1325} Prime
δίδωμι
didomi
{did'-o-mee}
A prolonged form of a primary verb (which is used as an alternate in most of the tenses); to give (used in a very wide application, properly or by implication, literally or figuratively; greatly modified by the connection).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
to the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
poor; 4434
{4434} Prime
πτωχός
ptochos
{pto-khos'}
From πτώσσω [[ptosso]] (to crouch; akin to G4422 and the alternate of G4098); a beggar (as cringing), that is, pauper (strictly denoting absolute or public mendicancy, although also used in a qualified or relative sense; whereas G3993 properly means only straitened circumstances in private), literally (often as noun) or figuratively (distressed).
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
if y1536
[1536] Standard
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
x1487
(1487) Complement
εἰ
ei
{i}
A primary particle of conditionality; if, whether, that, etc.
I have taken y4811
[4811] Standard
συκοφαντέω
sukophanteo
{soo-kof-an-teh'-o}
From a compound of G4810 and a derivative of G5316; to be a fig informer (reporter of the law forbidding the exportation of figs from Greece), 'sycopant', that is, (generally and by extension) to defraud (exact unlawfully, extort).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
any thing y1536
[1536] Standard
εἴ τις
ei tis
{i tis}
From G1487 and G5100; if any.
from any man y5100
[5100] Standard
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
by false accusation, 4811
{4811} Prime
συκοφαντέω
sukophanteo
{soo-kof-an-teh'-o}
From a compound of G4810 and a derivative of G5316; to be a fig informer (reporter of the law forbidding the exportation of figs from Greece), 'sycopant', that is, (generally and by extension) to defraud (exact unlawfully, extort).
5100
{5100} Prime
τὶς
tis
{tis}
An enclitic indefinite pronoun; some or any person or object.
z5656
<5656> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2319
I restore 591
{0591} Prime
ἀποδίδωμι
apodidomi
{ap-od-eed'-o-mee}
From G0575 and G1325; to give away, that is, up, over, back, etc. (in various applications).
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
[him] fourfold. 5073
{5073} Prime
τετραπλοῦς
tetraploos
{tet-rap-lo'-os}
From G5064 and a derivative of the base of G4118; quadruple.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 19:8-10

_ _ stood — before all.

_ _ said unto the Lord, Behold, Lord — Mark how frequently Luke uses this title, and always where lordly authority, dignity, or power is intended.

_ _ if I have — that is, “so far as I have,” for evidently the “if” is so used (as in Philippians 4:8).

_ _ taken by false accusation — defrauded, overcharged (Luke 3:12, Luke 3:13).

_ _ fourfold — The Roman law required this; the Jewish law, but the principal and a fifth more (Numbers 5:7). There was no demand made for either; but, as if to revenge himself on his hitherto reigning sin (see on John 20:28), and to testify the change he had experienced, besides surrendering the half of his fair gains to the poor, he voluntarily determines to give up all that was ill-gotten, quadrupled. He gratefully addressed this to the “Lord,” to whom he owed the wonderful change.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 19:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 19:8

And Zaccheus stood — Showing by his posture, his deliberate, purpose and ready mind, and said, Behold, Lord, I give — I determine to do it immediately.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Luke 19:8

(3) And Zacchaeus stood, and said unto the Lord; Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor; and if I have taken any thing from any man by (b) false accusation, I restore [him] fourfold.

(3) The example of true repentance is known by the effect.

(b) By falsely accusing any man: and this agrees most fitly to the master of the tax gatherers: for commonly they have this practice among them when they rob and spoil the commonwealth, that they claim to be concerned for nothing else except the profit of the commonwealth, and under this pretence they are thieves, and to such an extent that if men reprove them and try to redress their robbery and thievery, they cry out that the commonwealth is hindered.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Behold:

Luke 3:8-13 Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of repentance, and begin not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, That God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham. ... And he said unto them, Exact no more than that which is appointed you.
Luke 11:41 But rather give alms of such things as ye have; and, behold, all things are clean unto you.
Luke 12:33 Sell that ye have, and give alms; provide yourselves bags which wax not old, a treasure in the heavens that faileth not, where no thief approacheth, neither moth corrupteth.
Luke 16:9 And I say unto you, Make to yourselves friends of the mammon of unrighteousness; that, when ye fail, they may receive you into everlasting habitations.
Luke 18:22-23 Now when Jesus heard these things, he said unto him, Yet lackest thou one thing: sell all that thou hast, and distribute unto the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come, follow me. ... And when he heard this, he was very sorrowful: for he was very rich.
Psalms 41:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Blessed [is] he that considereth the poor: the LORD will deliver him in time of trouble.
Acts 2:44-46 And all that believed were together, and had all things common; ... And they, continuing daily with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread from house to house, did eat their meat with gladness and singleness of heart,
Acts 4:34-35 Neither was there any among them that lacked: for as many as were possessors of lands or houses sold them, and brought the prices of the things that were sold, ... And laid [them] down at the apostles' feet: and distribution was made unto every man according as he had need.
2 Corinthians 8:7-8 Therefore, as ye abound in every [thing, in] faith, and utterance, and knowledge, and [in] all diligence, and [in] your love to us, [see] that ye abound in this grace also. ... I speak not by commandment, but by occasion of the forwardness of others, and to prove the sincerity of your love.
1 Timothy 6:17-18 Charge them that are rich in this world, that they be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in the living God, who giveth us richly all things to enjoy; ... That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;
James 1:10-11 But the rich, in that he is made low: because as the flower of the grass he shall pass away. ... For the sun is no sooner risen with a burning heat, but it withereth the grass, and the flower thereof falleth, and the grace of the fashion of it perisheth: so also shall the rich man fade away in his ways.

by false:

Luke 3:14 And the soldiers likewise demanded of him, saying, And what shall we do? And he said unto them, Do violence to no man, neither accuse [any] falsely; and be content with your wages.
Exodus 20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

I restore:

Exodus 22:1-4 If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep. ... If the theft be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.
Leviticus 6:1-6 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, ... And he shall bring his trespass offering unto the LORD, a ram without blemish out of the flock, with thy estimation, for a trespass offering, unto the priest:
1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I [am]: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose ass have I taken? or whom have I defrauded? whom have I oppressed? or of whose hand have I received [any] bribe to blind mine eyes therewith? and I will restore it you.
2 Samuel 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
Proverbs 6:31 But [if] he be found, he shall restore sevenfold; he shall give all the substance of his house.
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Ex 20:16; 22:1. Lv 6:1. 1S 12:3. 2S 12:6. Ps 41:1. Pv 6:31. Lk 3:8, 14; 11:41; 12:33; 16:9; 18:22. Ac 2:44; 4:34. 2Co 8:7. 1Ti 6:17. Jm 1:10.

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