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Luke 19:43 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the days shall come upon thee, when thine enemies shall cast up a bank about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “For the days will come upon you when your enemies will throw up a barricade against you, and surround you and hem you in on every side,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the days shall come upon thee, that thy enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and encompass thee, and keep thee in on every side,
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— for days shall come upon thee, that thine enemies shall make a palisaded mound about thee, and shall close thee around, and keep thee in on every side,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Because days will have come upon thee, that thine enemies will throw around a rampart against thee, and enclose thee; and hem thee in from every side,—
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— 'Because days shall come upon thee, and thine enemies shall cast around thee a rampart, and compass thee round, and press thee on every side,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the days shall come upon thee: and thy enemies shall cast a trench about thee and compass thee round and straiten thee on every side,
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the dayes shall come vpon thee, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compasse thee round, and keepe thee in on euery side,
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— But the days will come to thee when thine enemies shall encompass thee and straiten thee on every side,
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— For the days will come upon thee, when thy enemies will encompass thee, and besiege thee on every side.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
the days 2250
{2250} Prime
ἡμέρα
hemera
{hay-mer'-ah}
Feminine (with G5610 implied) of a derivative of ἧμαι [[hemai]] (to sit; akin to the base of G1476) meaning tame, that is, gentle; day, that is, (literally) the time space between dawn and dark, or the whole 24 hours (but several days were usually reckoned by the Jews as inclusive of the parts of both extremes); figuratively a period (always defined more or less clearly by the context).
shall come 2240
{2240} Prime
ἥκω
heko
{hay'-ko}
A primary verb; to arrive, that is, be present (literally or figuratively).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
upon 1909
{1909} Prime
ἐπί
epi
{ep-ee'}
A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution [with the genitive case], that is, over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
thee, 4571
{4571} Prime
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
that 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
thine 4675
{4675} Prime
σοῦ
sou
{soo}
Genitive case of G4771; of thee, thy.
enemies 2190
{2190} Prime
ἐχθρός
echthros
{ech-thros'}
From a primary word ἔχθω [[echtho]] (to hate); hateful (passively odious, or actively hostile); usually as a noun, an adversary (especially Satan).
shall cast y4016
[4016] Standard
περιβάλλω
periballo
{per-ee-bal'-lo}
From G4012 and G0906; to throw all around, that is, invest (with a palisade or with clothing).
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
a trench y5482
[5482] Standard
χάραξ
charax
{khar'-ax}
From 'charasso' (to sharpen to a point; akin to G1125 through the idea of scratching); a stake, that is, (by implication) a palisade or rampart (millitary mound for circumvallation in a siege).
about 4016
{4016} Prime
περιβάλλω
periballo
{per-ee-bal'-lo}
From G4012 and G0906; to throw all around, that is, invest (with a palisade or with clothing).
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
x5482
(5482) Complement
χάραξ
charax
{khar'-ax}
From 'charasso' (to sharpen to a point; akin to G1125 through the idea of scratching); a stake, that is, (by implication) a palisade or rampart (millitary mound for circumvallation in a siege).
thee, y4671
[4671] Standard
σοί
soi
{soy}
Dative case of G4771; to thee.
x4571
(4571) Complement
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
compass y4033
[4033] Standard
περικυκλόω
perikukloo
{per-ee-koo-klo'-o}
From G4012 and G2944; to encircle all around, that is, blockade completely.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
thee y4571
[4571] Standard
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
round, 4033
{4033} Prime
περικυκλόω
perikukloo
{per-ee-koo-klo'-o}
From G4012 and G2944; to encircle all around, that is, blockade completely.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
x4571
(4571) Complement
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
and 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
keep y4912
[4912] Standard
συνέχω
sunecho
{soon-ekh'-o}
From G4862 and G2192; to hold together, that is, to compress (the ears, with a crowd or siege) or arrest (a prisoner); figuratively to compel, perplex, afflict, preoccupy.
z0
<0000> Grammar
The original word in the Greek or Hebrew is translated by more than one word in the English. The English translation is separated by one or more other words from the original.
thee y4571
[4571] Standard
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
in 4912
{4912} Prime
συνέχω
sunecho
{soon-ekh'-o}
From G4862 and G2192; to hold together, that is, to compress (the ears, with a crowd or siege) or arrest (a prisoner); figuratively to compel, perplex, afflict, preoccupy.
z5692
<5692> Grammar
Tense - Future (See G5776)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 814
x4571
(4571) Complement
σέ
se
{seh}
Accusative singular of G4771; thee.
on every side, 3840
{3840} Prime
πάντοθεν
pantothen
{pan-toth'-en}
Adverb (of source) from G3956; from (that is, on) all sides.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Luke 19:41-44.


Luke 19:43

_ _ a trench — a rampart; first of wood, and when this was burnt, a built wall, four miles in circuit, built in three days — so determined were they. This “cut off all hope of escape,” and consigned the city to unparalleled horrors. (See Josephus, Wars of the Jews, 6.2; 12.3, 4.) All here predicted was with dreadful literally fulfilled.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 19:41-48.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 19:43

Thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and compass thee around — All this was exactly performed by Titus, the Roman general.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the days:

Luke 21:20-24 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the desolation thereof is nigh. ... And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
Deuteronomy 28:49-58 The LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, [as swift] as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand; ... If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD;
Psalms 37:12-13 The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. ... The Lord shall laugh at him: for he seeth that his day is coming.
Daniel 9:26-27 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof [shall be] with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. ... And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make [it] desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Matthew 22:7 But when the king heard [thereof], he was wroth: and he sent forth his armies, and destroyed those murderers, and burned up their city.
Matthew 23:37-39 O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, [thou] that killest the prophets, and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under [her] wings, and ye would not! ... For I say unto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shall say, Blessed [is] he that cometh in the name of the Lord.
Mark 13:14-20 But when ye shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains: ... And except that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for the elect's sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days.
1 Thessalonians 2:15-16 Who both killed the Lord Jesus, and their own prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men: ... Forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved, to fill up their sins alway: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost.

cast:
Or, "cast a bank" or rampart χαραξ [Strong's G5482]. This was literally fulfilled when Jerusalem was besieged by Titus; who surrounded it with a wall of circumvallation in three days, though not less than 39 furlongs in circumference; and when this was effected, the Jews were so enclosed on every side, that no person could escape from the city, and no provision could be brought in.
Isaiah 29:1-4 Woe to Ariel, to Ariel, the city [where] David dwelt! add ye year to year; let them kill sacrifices. ... And thou shalt be brought down, [and] shalt speak out of the ground, and thy speech shall be low out of the dust, and thy voice shall be, as of one that hath a familiar spirit, out of the ground, and thy speech shall whisper out of the dust.
Jeremiah 6:3-6 The shepherds with their flocks shall come unto her; they shall pitch [their] tents against her round about; they shall feed every one in his place. ... For thus hath the LORD of hosts said, Hew ye down trees, and cast a mount against Jerusalem: this [is] the city to be visited; she [is] wholly oppression in the midst of her.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 28:49. Ps 37:12. Is 29:1. Jr 6:3. Dn 9:26. Mt 22:7; 23:37. Mk 13:14. Lk 21:20. 1Th 2:15.

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