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Luke 19:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— And he answered and said, I tell you that, if these shall hold their peace, the stones will cry out.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— But Jesus answered, “I tell you, if these become silent, the stones will cry out!”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— And he answered and said to them, I tell you, that if these should hold their peace, the stones would immediately cry out.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he answering said to them, I say unto you, If these shall be silent, the stones will cry out.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— And he answered and said—I tell you—If, these, shall hold their peace, the stones, will cry out.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— and he answering said to them, 'I say to you, that, if these shall be silent, the stones will cry out!'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— To whom he said: I say to you that if these shall hold their peace, the stones will cry out.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— And he answered, and said vnto them, I tell you, that if these should holde their peace, the stones would immediatly cry out.
John Etheridge Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1849)
— He saith to them, I tell you, if these should be silent, the stones would cry out.
James Murdock Peshitta-Aramaic NT (1852)
— He said to them: I tell you, that, if these should be silent, the stones would cry out.

Strong's Numbers & Red-LettersGreek New TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
And 2532
{2532} Prime
καί
kai
{kahee}
Apparently a primary particle, having a copulative and sometimes also a cumulative force; and, also, even, so, then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words.
he answered 611
{0611} Prime
ἀποκρίνομαι
apokrinomai
{ap-ok-ree'-nom-ahee}
From G0575 and κρινω [[krino]]; to conclude for oneself, that is, (by implication) to respond; by Hebraism (compare [H6030]) to begin to speak (where an address is expected).
z5679
<5679> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Passive Deponent (See G5789)
Mood - Participle (See G5796)
Count - 164
and said 2036
{2036} Prime
ἔπω
epo
{ep'-o}
A primary verb (used only in the definite past tense, the others being borrowed from G2046, G4483 and G5346); to speak or say (by word or writting).
z5627
<5627> Grammar
Tense - Second Aorist (See G5780)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2138 plus 1 in a variant reading in a footnote
unto them, 846
{0846} Prime
αὐτός
autos
{ow-tos'}
From the particle αὖ [[au]] (perhaps akin to the base of G0109 through the idea of a baffling wind; backward); the reflexive pronoun self, used (alone or in the compound of G1438) of the third person, and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons.
I tell 3004
{3004} Prime
λέγω
lego
{leg'-o}
A primary verb; properly to 'lay' forth, that is, (figuratively) relate (in words [usually of systematic or set discourse; whereas G2036 and G5346 generally refer to an individual expression or speech respectively; while G4483 is properly to break silence merely, and G2980 means an extended or random harangue]); by implication to mean.
z5719
<5719> Grammar
Tense - Present (See G5774)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 3019
you 5213
{5213} Prime
ὑμῖν
humin
{hoo-min'}
Irregular dative case of G5210; to (with or by) you.
that, 3754
{3754} Prime
ὅτι
hoti
{hot'-ee}
Neuter of G3748 as conjugation; demonstrative that (sometimes redundant); causatively because.
if 1437
{1437} Prime
ἐάν
ean
{eh-an'}
From G1487 and G0302; a conditional particle; in case that, provided, etc.; often used in connection with other particles to denote indefiniteness or uncertainty.
these 3778
{3778} Prime
οὗτος
houtos
{hoo'-tos}
Including the nominative masculine plural (second form), nominative feminine signular (third form), and the nominate feminine plural, (fourth form). From the article G3588 and G0846; the he (she or it), that is, this or that (often with the article repeated).
should hold their peace, 4623
{4623} Prime
σιωπάω
siopao
{see-o-pah'-o}
From σιωπη [[siope]] (silence, that is, a hush; properly muteness, that is, involuntary stillness, or inability ot speak; and thus differing from G4602, which is rather a voluntary refusal or indisposition to speak, although the terms are often used synonymously); to be dumb (but not deaf also, like G2974 properly); figuratively to be calm (as quiet water).
z5661
<5661> Grammar
Tense - Aorist (See G5777)
Voice - Active (See G5784)
Mood - Subjunctive (See G5792)
Count - 512
the x3588
(3588) Complement

ho
{ho}
The masculine, feminine (second) and neuter (third) forms, in all their inflections; the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom).
stones 3037
{3037} Prime
λίθος
lithos
{lee'-thos}
Apparently a primary word; a stone (literally or figuratively).
would immediately cry out. 2896
{2896} Prime
κράζω
krazo
{krad'-zo}
A primary verb; properly to 'croak' (as a raven) or scream, that is, (generally) to call aloud (shriek, exclaim, intreat).
z5688
<5688> Grammar
Tense - Second Future (See G5781)
Voice - Middle Deponent (See G5788)
Mood - Indicative (See G5791)
Count - 2
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Luke 19:40

_ _ the stones, etc. — Hitherto the Lord had discouraged all demonstrations in His favor; latterly He had begun an opposite course; on this one occasion He seems to yield His whole soul to the wide and deep acclaim with a mysterious satisfaction, regarding it as so necessary a part of the regal dignity in which as Messiah He for this last time entered the city, that if not offered by the vast multitude, it would have been wrung out of the stones rather than be withheld (Habakkuk 2:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Luke 19:28-40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Luke 19:40

If these should hold their peace, the stones, which lie before you, would cry out — That is, God would raise up some still more unlikely instruments to declare his praise. For the power of God will not return empty.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 96:11 Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof.
Psalms 98:7-9 Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. ... Before the LORD; for he cometh to judge the earth: with righteousness shall he judge the world, and the people with equity.
Psalms 114:1-8 When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language; ... Which turned the rock [into] a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.
Isaiah 55:12 For ye shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace: the mountains and the hills shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap [their] hands.
Habakkuk 2:11 For the stone shall cry out of the wall, and the beam out of the timber shall answer it.
Matthew 3:9 And think not to say within yourselves, We have Abraham to [our] father: for I say unto you, that God is able of these stones to raise up children unto Abraham.
Matthew 21:15-16 And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the Son of David; they were sore displeased, ... And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise?
Matthew 27:45 Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.
Matthew 27:51-54 And, behold, the veil of the temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom; and the earth did quake, and the rocks rent; ... Now when the centurion, and they that were with him, watching Jesus, saw the earthquake, and those things that were done, they feared greatly, saying, Truly this was the Son of God.
2 Peter 2:6 And turning the cities of Sodom and Gomorrha into ashes condemned [them] with an overthrow, making [them] an ensample unto those that after should live ungodly;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 96:11; 98:7; 114:1. Is 55:12. Hab 2:11. Mt 3:9; 21:15; 27:45, 51. 2P 2:6.

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